The Greek Empire From Macedonians to the Hellenistic Era.
The Macedonians <ul><li>Frontier state north of the Greek penninsula. </li></ul><ul><li>359-336 BCE King Philip II: </li><...
Alexander <ul><li>336 BCE: Inherits the throne. </li></ul><ul><li>333 BCE: Conquers Ionia and Anatolia. </li></ul><ul><li>...
 
Hellenistic Culture <ul><li>An era when Greek cultural traditions expand their influence beyond Greece (Hellas) itself. </...
Politically <ul><li>275 BCE: After the death of Alexander, empire divided into three: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Antigonus: Gre...
Antigonid Empire <ul><li>Clashes. </li></ul><ul><li>Wealthy. </li></ul><ul><li>Migration. </li></ul>
Ptolemaic Egypt <ul><li>Wealthiest: Agriculture, industry, and taxes. </li></ul><ul><li>Alexandria and megalopolis. </li><...
Seleucid Empire <ul><li>Former Persian Empire. </li></ul><ul><li>The “suburbs” of the Greek empire. </li></ul>
Economically <ul><li>Large empire allows for trade to expand. </li></ul><ul><li>Caravans and Persia and Bactria (India). <...
Hellenistic Culture <ul><li>In Hellenistic cities, individuals: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Spoke Greek. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul>...
Alexandria: The NYC of the Ancient World <ul><li>Egyptian city. </li></ul><ul><li>Center of Hellenistic culture. </li></ul...
Culture <ul><li>Philosophy: Zeno and Stoicism vs. Epicurus and Epicureanism.  Skeptics????? </li></ul><ul><li>History: Sev...
The Seven Wonders of the World <ul><li>How do the Seven Wonders of the World represent Hellenistic values? </li></ul><ul><...
So, if Alexander was so great why did Greece collapse? <ul><li>Collapse vs. decline </li></ul><ul><li>150 BCE: Hellenistic...
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Alexander the great to the hellenistic era

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Alexander the great to the hellenistic era

  1. 1. The Greek Empire From Macedonians to the Hellenistic Era.
  2. 2. The Macedonians <ul><li>Frontier state north of the Greek penninsula. </li></ul><ul><li>359-336 BCE King Philip II: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Strong military, big sights. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>338 BCE: Conquers all of Greece. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>336 BCE: Assassinated. </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Alexander <ul><li>336 BCE: Inherits the throne. </li></ul><ul><li>333 BCE: Conquers Ionia and Anatolia. </li></ul><ul><li>330 BCE: Conquers Persia. </li></ul><ul><li>327 BCE: Conquers Indus? </li></ul>
  4. 5. Hellenistic Culture <ul><li>An era when Greek cultural traditions expand their influence beyond Greece (Hellas) itself. </li></ul><ul><li>Greek, Egyptian, Persian, and Indian. </li></ul><ul><li>Integrate societies and economies. </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural blending and diffusion. </li></ul><ul><li>What are the benefits of empire? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the detractions of empire? </li></ul>
  5. 6. Politically <ul><li>275 BCE: After the death of Alexander, empire divided into three: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Antigonus: Greece and Macedonia. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ptolemy: Egypt </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Seleucus: Anatolia to Indus. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 7. Antigonid Empire <ul><li>Clashes. </li></ul><ul><li>Wealthy. </li></ul><ul><li>Migration. </li></ul>
  7. 8. Ptolemaic Egypt <ul><li>Wealthiest: Agriculture, industry, and taxes. </li></ul><ul><li>Alexandria and megalopolis. </li></ul>
  8. 9. Seleucid Empire <ul><li>Former Persian Empire. </li></ul><ul><li>The “suburbs” of the Greek empire. </li></ul>
  9. 10. Economically <ul><li>Large empire allows for trade to expand. </li></ul><ul><li>Caravans and Persia and Bactria (India). </li></ul><ul><li>Seas and Mediterranean Empire. </li></ul><ul><li>Rise of luxury products. </li></ul>
  10. 11. Hellenistic Culture <ul><li>In Hellenistic cities, individuals: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Spoke Greek. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dressed according to Greek fashion. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Greek art and sculpture. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>AND: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Observe their own customs and traditions. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>No more loyalty to the polis!!!! </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural and religious loyalty! </li></ul>
  11. 12. Alexandria: The NYC of the Ancient World <ul><li>Egyptian city. </li></ul><ul><li>Center of Hellenistic culture. </li></ul><ul><li>Center of commerce. </li></ul><ul><li>500,000 international occupants. </li></ul><ul><li>Breathtaking. </li></ul><ul><li>Avenues, statues, library, lighthouse, museum. </li></ul><ul><li>Alexander and the glass coffin. </li></ul>
  12. 13. Culture <ul><li>Philosophy: Zeno and Stoicism vs. Epicurus and Epicureanism. Skeptics????? </li></ul><ul><li>History: Seven Wonders of the World, Herodotus. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What does it mean when a culture begins to look back? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Art: Realism. </li></ul><ul><li>Religion: Mysticism, Cult of Osiris. </li></ul>
  13. 14. The Seven Wonders of the World <ul><li>How do the Seven Wonders of the World represent Hellenistic values? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Multi-cultural. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wealth. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Empire. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Legacy. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Larger than life. </li></ul></ul>
  14. 15. So, if Alexander was so great why did Greece collapse? <ul><li>Collapse vs. decline </li></ul><ul><li>150 BCE: Hellenistic culture begins to decline. </li></ul><ul><li>Greek civilization lasts from 2000 BCE to 150 BCE. </li></ul><ul><li>Why is it hard to maintain an empire? </li></ul>

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