Uncommon Fruit Ecosystems

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Production agriculture, like an ecosysystem! Plant species working together to increase economic wealth through growing ecological health. More at www.regenerativedesigngroup.com and www.apiosinstitute.org

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  • And, do these trees grow any fruit?!?




  • What do you think? (quick call-out)
    Here’s just a quick list…
  • What do you think? (quick call-out)
    Here’s just a quick list…
  • What do you think? (quick call-out)
    Here’s just a quick list…
  • What do you think? (quick call-out)
    Here’s just a quick list…
  • What do you think? (quick call-out)
    Here’s just a quick list…
  • What do you think? (quick call-out)
    Here’s just a quick list…
  • What do you think? (quick call-out)
    Here’s just a quick list…
  • What do you think? (quick call-out)
    Here’s just a quick list…
  • What do you think? (quick call-out)
    Here’s just a quick list…
  • What do you think? (quick call-out)
    Here’s just a quick list…
  • What do you think? (quick call-out)
    Here’s just a quick list…
  • What do you think? (quick call-out)
    Here’s just a quick list…
  • What do you think? (quick call-out)
    Here’s just a quick list…
  • What do you think? (quick call-out)
    Here’s just a quick list…
  • What do you think? (quick call-out)
    Here’s just a quick list…
  • What do you think? (quick call-out)
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  • What do you think? (quick call-out)
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  • What do you think? (quick call-out)
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  • What do you think? (quick call-out)
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  • What do you think? (quick call-out)
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  • What do you think? (quick call-out)
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  • What do you think? (quick call-out)
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  • What do you think? (quick call-out)
    Here’s just a quick list…
  • What do you think? (quick call-out)
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  • What do you think? (quick call-out)
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  • Uncommon Fruit Ecosystems

    1. 1. Uncommon Fruit Ecosystems Ethan C. Roland Regenerative Design Group Apios Institute for Regenerative Perennial Agriculture www.apiosinstitute.org Tuesday, March 3, 2009
    2. 2. Uncommon Fruit Ecosystems • Goal • Why? • How? • Where? • Next Steps Tuesday, March 3, 2009
    3. 3. Goal: Work Less, Produce More Tuesday, March 3, 2009
    4. 4. Why? 1. Rising Fuel Prices - Peak Oil 2. Climate Chaos 3. Economic Crisis 4. Time for Family & Community Tuesday, March 3, 2009
    5. 5. How: Work with nature, not against Tuesday, March 3, 2009
    6. 6. Kazakhstan Tuesday, March 3, 2009
    7. 7. Kazakhstan • Tian-Shan Mountains Tuesday, March 3, 2009
    8. 8. Kazakhstan • Tian-Shan Mountains Tuesday, March 3, 2009
    9. 9. Kazakhstan • Tian-Shan Mountains Tuesday, March 3, 2009
    10. 10. Kazakhstan • Tian-Shan Mountains • Similar climate, temperate forests… Tuesday, March 3, 2009
    11. 11. Kazakhstan: Zailisky Alatau Tuesday, March 3, 2009
    12. 12. Ancient Trees 60-70ft tall 80-100 years old Tuesday, March 3, 2009
    13. 13. Ancient Trees 60-70ft tall 80-100 years old Tuesday, March 3, 2009
    14. 14. Tree Size Wild Kazakh tree 60-70ft US Orchard Apple Tree 12-15ft Ethan 5’10” Tuesday, March 3, 2009
    15. 15. The Wild Apple Forest Tuesday, March 3, 2009
    16. 16. EMAL27 EMAL27 1616m N43.22.11’ E77.40.38’ 53mm avg. diameter Amazing Lemon- Candy Flavor Tuesday, March 3, 2009
    17. 17. EMAL25 EMAL25 1619m N43.22.11’ E77.40.36’ 49mm avg. diameter Bitter-Sweet. Wild red- flesh variety. Tuesday, March 3, 2009
    18. 18. EMAL25 EMAL25 1619m N43.22.11’ E77.40.36’ 49mm avg. diameter Bitter-Sweet. Wild red- flesh variety. Tuesday, March 3, 2009
    19. 19. What Else Grows in the Wild Apple Forests…? Tuesday, March 3, 2009
    20. 20. What Else Grows in the Wild Apple Forests…? • Pears, Tuesday, March 3, 2009
    21. 21. What Else Grows in the Wild Apple Forests…? • Pears, • Apricots, Tuesday, March 3, 2009
    22. 22. What Else Grows in the Wild Apple Forests…? • Pears, • Apricots, • Cherries, Tuesday, March 3, 2009
    23. 23. What Else Grows in the Wild Apple Forests…? • Pears, • Apricots, • Cherries, • Plums, Tuesday, March 3, 2009
    24. 24. What Else Grows in the Wild Apple Forests…? • Pears, • Apricots, • Cherries, • Plums, • Walnuts, Tuesday, March 3, 2009
    25. 25. What Else Grows in the Wild Apple Forests…? • Pears, • Apricots, • Cherries, • Plums, • Walnuts, • Almonds, Tuesday, March 3, 2009
    26. 26. What Else Grows in the Wild Apple Forests…? • Pears, • Apricots, • Cherries, • Plums, • Walnuts, • Almonds, • Pistachios, Tuesday, March 3, 2009
    27. 27. What Else Grows in the Wild Apple Forests…? • Pears, • Apricots, • Cherries, • Plums, • Walnuts, • Almonds, • Pistachios, • Mulberries, Tuesday, March 3, 2009
    28. 28. What Else Grows in the Wild Apple Forests…? • Pears, • Apricots, • Cherries, • Plums, • Walnuts, • Almonds, • Pistachios, • Mulberries, • Hawthornes, Tuesday, March 3, 2009
    29. 29. What Else Grows in the Wild Apple Forests…? • Pears, • Rosehips, • Apricots, • Cherries, • Plums, • Walnuts, • Almonds, • Pistachios, • Mulberries, • Hawthornes, Tuesday, March 3, 2009
    30. 30. What Else Grows in the Wild Apple Forests…? • Pears, • Rosehips, • Apricots, • Raspberries, • Cherries, • Plums, • Walnuts, • Almonds, • Pistachios, • Mulberries, • Hawthornes, Tuesday, March 3, 2009
    31. 31. What Else Grows in the Wild Apple Forests…? • Pears, • Rosehips, • Apricots, • Raspberries, • Cherries, • Barberries, • Plums, • Walnuts, • Almonds, • Pistachios, • Mulberries, • Hawthornes, Tuesday, March 3, 2009
    32. 32. What Else Grows in the Wild Apple Forests…? • Pears, Rosehips, • • Apricots, Raspberries, • • Cherries, Barberries, • • Plums, Bilberries, • • Walnuts, • Almonds, • Pistachios, • Mulberries, • Hawthornes, Tuesday, March 3, 2009
    33. 33. What Else Grows in the Wild Apple Forests…? • Pears, Rosehips, • • Apricots, Raspberries, • • Cherries, Barberries, • • Plums, Bilberries, • • Walnuts, Elderberries, • • Almonds, • Pistachios, • Mulberries, • Hawthornes, Tuesday, March 3, 2009
    34. 34. What Else Grows in the Wild Apple Forests…? • Pears, Rosehips, • • Apricots, Raspberries, • • Cherries, Barberries, • • Plums, Bilberries, • • Walnuts, Elderberries, • • Almonds, Silverberries, • • Pistachios, • Mulberries, • Hawthornes, Tuesday, March 3, 2009
    35. 35. What Else Grows in the Wild Apple Forests…? • Pears, Rosehips, • • Apricots, Raspberries, • • Cherries, Barberries, • • Plums, Bilberries, • • Walnuts, Elderberries, • • Almonds, Silverberries, • • Pistachios, Seaberries, • • Mulberries, • Hawthornes, Tuesday, March 3, 2009
    36. 36. What Else Grows in the Wild Apple Forests…? • Pears, Rosehips, • • Apricots, Raspberries, • • Cherries, Barberries, • • Plums, Bilberries, • • Walnuts, Elderberries, • • Almonds, Silverberries, • • Pistachios, Seaberries, • • Mulberries, Gooseberries, • • Hawthornes, Tuesday, March 3, 2009
    37. 37. What Else Grows in the Wild Apple Forests…? • Pears, • Grapes, Rosehips, • • Apricots, Raspberries, • • Cherries, Barberries, • • Plums, Bilberries, • • Walnuts, Elderberries, • • Almonds, Silverberries, • • Pistachios, Seaberries, • • Mulberries, Gooseberries, • • Hawthornes, Tuesday, March 3, 2009
    38. 38. What Else Grows in the Wild Apple Forests…? • Pears, • Grapes, Rosehips, • • Apricots, • Currants, Raspberries, • • Cherries, Barberries, • • Plums, Bilberries, • • Walnuts, Elderberries, • • Almonds, Silverberries, • • Pistachios, Seaberries, • • Mulberries, Gooseberries, • • Hawthornes, Tuesday, March 3, 2009
    39. 39. What Else Grows in the Wild Apple Forests…? • Pears, • Grapes, Rosehips, • • Apricots, • Currants, Raspberries, • • Cherries, • Hops, Barberries, • • Plums, Bilberries, • • Walnuts, Elderberries, • • Almonds, Silverberries, • • Pistachios, Seaberries, • • Mulberries, Gooseberries, • • Hawthornes, Tuesday, March 3, 2009
    40. 40. What Else Grows in the Wild Apple Forests…? • Pears, Grapes, • Rosehips, • • Apricots, Currants, • Raspberries, • • Cherries, Hops, • Barberries, • • Plums, Onions, • Bilberries, • • Walnuts, Elderberries, • • Almonds, Silverberries, • • Pistachios, Seaberries, • • Mulberries, Gooseberries, • • Hawthornes, Tuesday, March 3, 2009
    41. 41. What Else Grows in the Wild Apple Forests…? • Pears, Grapes, • Rosehips, • • Apricots, Currants, • Raspberries, • • Cherries, Hops, • Barberries, • • Plums, Onions, • Bilberries, • • Walnuts, Cannabis, • Elderberries, • • Almonds, Silverberries, • • Pistachios, Seaberries, • • Mulberries, Gooseberries, • • Hawthornes, Tuesday, March 3, 2009
    42. 42. What Else Grows in the Wild Apple Forests…? • Pears, Grapes, • Rosehips, • • Apricots, Currants, • Raspberries, • • Cherries, Hops, • Barberries, • • Plums, Onions, • Bilberries, • • Walnuts, Cannabis, • Elderberries, • • Almonds, Sorrels, • Silverberries, • • Pistachios, Seaberries, • • Mulberries, Gooseberries, • • Hawthornes, Tuesday, March 3, 2009
    43. 43. What Else Grows in the Wild Apple Forests…? • Pears, Grapes, • Rosehips, • • Apricots, Currants, • Raspberries, • • Cherries, Hops, • Barberries, • • Plums, Onions, • Bilberries, • • Walnuts, Cannabis, • Elderberries, • • Almonds, Sorrels, • Silverberries, • • Pistachios, Umbels, • Seaberries, • • Mulberries, Gooseberries, • • Hawthornes, Tuesday, March 3, 2009
    44. 44. What Else Grows in the Wild Apple Forests…? • Pears, Grapes, • Rosehips, • • Apricots, Currants, • Raspberries, • • Cherries, Hops, • Barberries, • • Plums, Onions, • Bilberries, • • Walnuts, Cannabis, • Elderberries, • • Almonds, Sorrels, • Silverberries, • • Pistachios, Umbels, • Seaberries, • • Mulberries, Rhubarbs, • Gooseberries, • • Hawthornes, Tuesday, March 3, 2009
    45. 45. What Else Grows in the Wild Apple Forests…? • Pears, Grapes, • Rosehips, • • Apricots, Currants, • Raspberries, • • Cherries, Hops, • Barberries, • • Plums, Onions, • Bilberries, • • Walnuts, Cannabis, • Elderberries, • • Almonds, Sorrels, • Silverberries, • • • Pistachios, Umbels, Seaberries, • • Mulberries, Rhubarbs, • Gooseberries, • • Hawthornes, and more… • Tuesday, March 3, 2009
    46. 46. Lessons from Kazakhstan Work with nature, not against 14 Tuesday, March 3, 2009
    47. 47. Work with nature, not against • Nature does not plant monocultures Tuesday, March 3, 2009
    48. 48. • Nature does not plant monocultures Monoculture Mind Tuesday, March 3, 2009
    49. 49. • Nature does not plant monocultures Monoculture Mind Tuesday, March 3, 2009
    50. 50. Work with nature, not against • Nature does not plant monocultures Use DIVERSITY • Plant as many uncommon fruits as possible given economic and management constraints. Tuesday, March 3, 2009
    51. 51. Use DIVERSITY Tuesday, March 3, 2009
    52. 52. Work with nature, not against • Nature does not use synthetic fertilizers Create Self-Fertilizing Ecologies Tuesday, March 3, 2009
    53. 53. Work with nature, not against • Nature does not use synthetic fertilizers Create Self-Fertilizing Ecologies • Four plants to fix Nitrogen: – Clover, Groundnut, Licorice, Trefoil Tuesday, March 3, 2009
    54. 54. Work with nature, not against • Nature does not use synthetic fertilizers Create Self-Fertilizing Ecologies • Four plants to fix Nitrogen: – Clover, Groundnut, Licorice, Trefoil • Four plants to fix P, K, Ca, Fe, Mg – Comfrey, Sorrel, Chives, Chicory Tuesday, March 3, 2009
    55. 55. Self-Fertilizing Ecology Christchurch, New Zealand Tuesday, March 3, 2009
    56. 56. Self-Fertilizing • Comfrey, Chickory, Cow Parsley, Fennel, Clover Christchurch, New Zealand Tuesday, March 3, 2009
    57. 57. Work with nature, not against • Nature does not spray against pests and diseases Select species & varieties for disease resistance Tuesday, March 3, 2009
    58. 58. Work with nature, not against • Nature does not spray against pests and diseases Increase beneficial insect habitat • Four plants for insects: – Yarrow, Sweet Cicely, Anise Hyssop, Red Clover Tuesday, March 3, 2009
    59. 59. Work with nature, not against • Nature does not spray against pests and diseases Use aromatic pest confusers • Four plants to confuse pests: – Mints, Horseradish, Bee balm, any Allium Tuesday, March 3, 2009
    60. 60. Work with nature, not against Don’t plant plants. Plant ecosystems! Tuesday, March 3, 2009
    61. 61. Plant Ecosystems Strawberry, Asparagus, Groundnut Tuesday, March 3, 2009
    62. 62. Production-Scale Sheet-mulching for establishment Tuesday, March 3, 2009
    63. 63. Chive, sorrel, anise hyssop, and chicory starts Tuesday, March 3, 2009
    64. 64. TBD understory 1 season later Tuesday, March 3, 2009
    65. 65. Plant Ecosystems Pawpaw Asian Pear Elderberry Tuesday, March 3, 2009
    66. 66. Uncommon Economics Tuesday, March 3, 2009
    67. 67. Uncommon Economics Tuesday, March 3, 2009
    68. 68. Our Services • Uncommon Fruit Ecosystems • Economics + Business Planning • Perennial Vegetables • Whole Farm Design www.regenerativedesigngroup.com Tuesday, March 3, 2009

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