Social inclusion promotion through inclusive education The Roma Education Fund Experience Brussels  02-03, December, 2010 ...
The Roma Education Fund (REF) in brief <ul><li>Influence systemic changes in education systems   </li></ul><ul><li>Foster ...
Social inclusion/exclusion Provision of certain rights to all individuals and groups in society, such as employment, adequ...
Education Inclusion An education system where all children of different culture, belief, socio –economic background, gende...
Problems Encountered Key problems-Institutional Environment  Key problems-Society/Civic/Economic Environment  <ul><li>Lack...
Enhancing partnership and collaborative processes Roma and non-Roma Community Civic sector Institutional context School – ...
Social inclusion – When to start <ul><li>Insured transition to elementary education </li></ul><ul><li>Decreased dropout ra...
REF Good Practice <ul><li>Inclusion of Roma children in Public Pre-Schools (2006/11)   </li></ul><ul><li>Ministry of Labor...
Preschool Education Macedonia 1.3 211 2006/07 1.7 226 2007/08 1.83 Roma participation in PS in % 276 241 Enrolled children...
REF good practice <ul><li>Serbia - Functional basic education of Adult Roma </li></ul><ul><li>275 Beneficiaries age 15-35 ...
Adult Education – Serbia and Macedonia 11 Number of municipalites 20% Non-Roma beneficiaries 80% Roma beneficiaries  17 Ro...
REF Intervention Measures  - Training - Cross- country experience exchange  Financial support:   Grant program  Scholarshi...
Key issues to be considered <ul><ul><li>- National/local responsibilities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Education/social ca...
? ...I am doing an assessment on social inclusion and need an evidenced quote of what social inclusion is, I have details ...
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Social inclusion promotion through inclusive education

  1. 1. Social inclusion promotion through inclusive education The Roma Education Fund Experience Brussels 02-03, December, 2010 Šemsi Šainov
  2. 2. The Roma Education Fund (REF) in brief <ul><li>Influence systemic changes in education systems </li></ul><ul><li>Foster Roma participation </li></ul><ul><li>Document and disseminate best practices on both policy reforms and programs </li></ul><ul><li>REF projects aim to: pilot activities, evaluate, identify the different components of successful interventions and then work with governments in scaling up </li></ul><ul><li>225 projects in over 14 countries; 49 active projects; 1 year in average length </li></ul><ul><li>Covering all levels of education </li></ul><ul><li>Implemented by NGOs and Governments </li></ul>The REF Mission : Closing the education gap between Roma and Non- Roma
  3. 3. Social inclusion/exclusion Provision of certain rights to all individuals and groups in society, such as employment, adequate housing, health care, education and training ( Collins English dictionary) A socially inclusive society is defined as one where all people feel valued, their differences are respected, and their basic needs are met so they can live in dignity The process of being shut out, fully or partially, from any of the political, social, cultural or economic systems which determine the social integration of a person in society (John Vincent) What‘s that? Definitions-perceptions
  4. 4. Education Inclusion An education system where all children of different culture, belief, socio –economic background, gender or physical ability are given equal chances to reach their maximum potential for learning and succeeding A system where all children of the same age group study together in the same classroom and follow a similar core curricula but where the school recognizes and respects their different background and history A system that reduces differences in education outcomes instead of increasing them and aims at building a cohesive society more than to form an elite What‘s that? Definitions-perceptions
  5. 5. Problems Encountered Key problems-Institutional Environment Key problems-Society/Civic/Economic Environment <ul><li>Lack of data and measurement issues </li></ul><ul><li>Segregated school environment </li></ul><ul><li>Special schools (high rate of Roma children) </li></ul><ul><li>School participation indicators </li></ul><ul><li>Teachers training </li></ul><ul><li>Curricula development </li></ul><ul><li>Intercultural education lacking (stereotypes and prejudice) </li></ul><ul><li>Policy implementation is lacking </li></ul><ul><li>Cross sector policies (Antidiscrimination policies; Roma participation) </li></ul><ul><li>Low level of education </li></ul><ul><li>Negative community image (stereotypes, prejudice) </li></ul><ul><li>Roma community does not trust institutions </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of communication (Roma non-Roma community) </li></ul><ul><li>NGO/civic sector (taking over education institutions responsiblity, needs capacity building) </li></ul><ul><li>Donor community (lack of coordination; overlapping) </li></ul><ul><li>Economic context (high level of unemployment; housing; health care; no access to money market, migration) </li></ul>
  6. 6. Enhancing partnership and collaborative processes Roma and non-Roma Community Civic sector Institutional context School – education environment <ul><li>Build good relationship and enhance Roma community as proactive and relevant subject in education issues </li></ul><ul><li>Insure dialog and cooperation between Roma and non-Roma </li></ul><ul><li>Bridge the gap between Roma and non-Roma community; school institutions; local and central government institutions </li></ul><ul><li>Civic sector plays a critical role </li></ul><ul><li>The institutions shall take over their responsibilities </li></ul><ul><li>Cross-institutional involvement important </li></ul><ul><li>Sustainability (scaling up of education project/programs) </li></ul><ul><li>Policy context </li></ul><ul><li>Inclusive education environment (residential/demographic segregation - improve quality component – trained teaching personnel, facilities, etc.) </li></ul><ul><li>Schools commitment </li></ul><ul><li>Capacity building and exchange of experiences </li></ul>
  7. 7. Social inclusion – When to start <ul><li>Insured transition to elementary education </li></ul><ul><li>Decreased dropout rate due to language barriers </li></ul><ul><li>Socialized pupils in inclusive education environment </li></ul><ul><li>Language barrier </li></ul><ul><li>Children socialization </li></ul><ul><li>Curricula </li></ul><ul><li>Facilities </li></ul>Elementary ed . Preschool Education Early Childhood Development As precondition for successful education The importance of early intervention in ECEC <ul><li>ECEC standards </li></ul><ul><li>Parental education on ECEC </li></ul><ul><li>Language barrier </li></ul><ul><li>Children socialization </li></ul>
  8. 8. REF Good Practice <ul><li>Inclusion of Roma children in Public Pre-Schools (2006/11) </li></ul><ul><li>Ministry of Labor and SP (LSG; NGO; Local Public preschools; Roma and non-Roma community) </li></ul><ul><li>Beneficiaries - 1455 pupils (age 4.5-5.5); 20 Preschool institutions </li></ul><ul><li>Started within 15 municipalities – scaled up to 20 municipalities </li></ul><ul><li>Desegregated preschool environment </li></ul><ul><li>Co-finance MLSP, LSG and UNICEF </li></ul><ul><li>Support provided in: TA; Training program; Transport; nutrition and didactic materials </li></ul><ul><li>Employment of Roma preschool teachers/assistants </li></ul>Preschool Education - Macedonia
  9. 9. Preschool Education Macedonia 1.3 211 2006/07 1.7 226 2007/08 1.83 Roma participation in PS in % 276 241 Enrolled children in PS 2010/11 2008/09 Description Supported over 1500 Roma parents 108 Preschool teachers and 21 Roma assisstants supported with training 70%-80% Parents attends workshops and meetings 90% of PSI personel attend training programs and meetings Transition to elementary education (83%-93%) Attendance rate (87.5% in average)
  10. 10. REF good practice <ul><li>Serbia - Functional basic education of Adult Roma </li></ul><ul><li>275 Beneficiaries age 15-35 from 11 Municipalities </li></ul><ul><li>Developed and accredited curricula for 4-8 grade </li></ul><ul><li>Developed text books and didactical materials </li></ul><ul><li>Preservice teacher training and VET provided </li></ul><ul><li>Partners – ( MoE, NEO, Institute for Pedagogy Andragogy) </li></ul><ul><li>Macedonia - Romas Graduate and Enhance Their Lives </li></ul><ul><li>Results: Beneficiaries 55 students age 15-35 from 3 municipalities; 28 graduate sec. education, 3 enrolled university; </li></ul><ul><li>Mentoring and tutoring support </li></ul><ul><li>Institutional partnership and support – ( MoE; LSG, EO) </li></ul>Adult education – Serbia and Macedona
  11. 11. Adult Education – Serbia and Macedonia 11 Number of municipalites 20% Non-Roma beneficiaries 80% Roma beneficiaries 17 Roma coordinators trained 165 Teachers trained 53 Attendants employed 5 Enrolled in secondary VS 168 Completed VET 212 Completed basic education 275 Beneficiaries (Aged 15-35) Number Adult Education Serbia * General Certificate of Secondary Education Mentoring support Tutorship support 20 Students enrolled to tertiary education 30 Matura/state exam 23 GSCE* school certificate acquired Projected results by end of project implementation 3 Enrolled tertiary education (university) 28 Completed secondary education 55 Beneficiaries (Age 15-35) Number Adult Education Macedonia (ongoing project)
  12. 12. REF Intervention Measures - Training - Cross- country experience exchange Financial support: Grant program Scholarship support program (Secondary and tertiary education) Revolving funds <ul><li>Institutional support: </li></ul><ul><li>TA </li></ul><ul><li>Policy development </li></ul><ul><li>Policy implementation </li></ul><ul><li>Curricula development </li></ul>Research program <ul><li>- Mentoring - Roma Mediators </li></ul><ul><li>Tutoring - Didactic materials </li></ul><ul><li>- Transport - Additional classes </li></ul>Preschool education Elementary education Secondary Education Tertiary Education Adult education (second chance)
  13. 13. Key issues to be considered <ul><ul><li>- National/local responsibilities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Education/social care responsibilities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Targeted funding mechanisms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>-Compulsory/voluntary </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Programs are effective when the policy framework is right! </li></ul>How to overcome policy barriers <ul><ul><li>- Informing Roma parents </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Informing non Roma parents </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Informing education institutions and other local actors </li></ul></ul>How to overcome information barriers <ul><ul><li>Segregation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Special education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Assimilation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Lack of space </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Teacher quality </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Support system (mediators, meals, equipment, school materials and utilities) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lack of data </li></ul></ul>How to overcome typical implementation pitfalls
  14. 14. ? ...I am doing an assessment on social inclusion and need an evidenced quote of what social inclusion is, I have details of social exclusion but can find no quotes on inclusion (Student statement) Please visit:www.romaeducationfund.org Do You Have Any Questions? ? ?
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