Aidco Promoting Social inclusion and combating poverty in the ENP Countries


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Youth employability session

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Aidco Promoting Social inclusion and combating poverty in the ENP Countries

  1. 1. <ul><li>Promoting Social inclusion and combating poverty </li></ul><ul><li>in the ENP Countries </li></ul><ul><li>Workshop : youth employability </li></ul><ul><li>Brussels, 3 December 2010 </li></ul><ul><li>Hélène Bourgade </li></ul><ul><li>Head of Unit </li></ul><ul><li>European Commission </li></ul><ul><li>EuropeAid/E3 </li></ul><ul><li>Social and human development and migration </li></ul>Youth Employability Workshop
  2. 2. Youth and Social Inclusion: a priority! <ul><li>Youth unemployment – in particular women - is widespread and further increase after the financial crisis </li></ul><ul><li>Persisting gaps in initial education and training systems force too many young people to leave school and remain unprepared for work and life </li></ul><ul><li>Young people often work in the informal sector with low wages and unsafe working conditions </li></ul><ul><li>Youth education and employment : starting point for social inclusion through employability </li></ul>Youth Employability Workshop
  3. 3. International and EU external Policy Framework <ul><li>UN </li></ul><ul><li>MDG (UN 2000) </li></ul><ul><li>Education for all (Dakar 2000) </li></ul><ul><li>Decent Work (UN 2005) </li></ul><ul><li>EU Communications </li></ul><ul><li>European Consensus (2005), including decent work </li></ul><ul><li>Education and Training for Employment (2002) </li></ul><ul><li>Decent Work (2006) </li></ul><ul><li>EU Strategy Rights of children (2006), Children in EU external action (2008) </li></ul><ul><li>EC staff working papers </li></ul><ul><li>Promoting Employment through EU cooperation (2007) </li></ul><ul><li>More and better Education in developping countries (2010) </li></ul>Youth Employability Workshop
  4. 4. The ENP scenario <ul><li>Over 76 million young people (aged 15-24) live in the ENP countries (including Russia), representing 19% of the region’s total population </li></ul><ul><li>Youth unemployment rate on average more than 20% </li></ul><ul><li>Quality of jobs often poor, with half of the employed in the informal economy </li></ul><ul><li>The highest youth unemployment rates in the Region: Armenia, OPT, Egypt, Georgia and Tunisia. </li></ul><ul><li>Large part of the ENP young people continue remaining outside economic and social life </li></ul>Youth Employability Workshop
  5. 5. EC Instruments for Youth Employability <ul><li>ENPI Bilateral/regional cooperation (directly/non directly targeting youth) </li></ul><ul><li>Sector reforms (Education, VET) </li></ul><ul><li>Tempus and Erasmus Mundus (higher education), EuroMed Youth (non formal eductaion) </li></ul><ul><li>2) Thematic Programmes (targeting youth) </li></ul><ul><li>Investing in People </li></ul><ul><li>Non State Actors and Local Authorities (NSA-LA) </li></ul><ul><li>Migration & Asylum </li></ul>Youth Employability Workshop
  6. 6. EC external approach for Youth Employability (I) <ul><li>Recognition of youth needs and challenges </li></ul><ul><li>Achieving basic education for all and promoting quality education </li></ul><ul><li>Preventing and tackling child labour </li></ul><ul><li>Supporting labour market-driven modernisation of vocational and in service training systems </li></ul><ul><li>Tapping the potential of skills development in the informal economy </li></ul>Youth Employability Workshop
  7. 7. EC external approach for Youth Employability (II) <ul><li>Developing career guidance/counselling/employment services </li></ul><ul><li>Promoting income-generating activities in ICT and culture </li></ul><ul><li>Support retraining programmes in the context of industrial restructuring (textiles, transports, etc.) </li></ul><ul><li>Supporting local development (women inclusion) </li></ul>Youth Employability Workshop
  8. 8. EC external operational modalities <ul><li>Paris declaration (2005), Accra common framework (2008) Ensuring programmes ownership , supporting home grown reforms </li></ul><ul><li>Backbone strategy (2008): enhancing use of home HR, reducing external project management units and TA expenses </li></ul><ul><li>Reducing stand alone projects and promoting sector supports as much as possible via budget supports </li></ul><ul><li>Sector dialogue – Holistic Approach </li></ul>Youth Employability Workshop
  9. 9. Bilateral ENP cooperation: some examples 2000-2010 (I) <ul><li>Promoting literacy (Morocco 17M€) </li></ul><ul><li>Supporting basic education (Egypt 140M€, Algeria 14M€, Tunisia 30 M€, Lebanon 14M€) </li></ul><ul><li>Supporting reforms of Higher Education (Algeria 21M€, Tunisia 45M€, Syria 20M€) </li></ul><ul><li>Modernisation of VET systems (Morocco 88 M€, Algeria 30M€, Tunisia 85M€, Syria 21M€, Egypt 33M€, Jordan 35M€, OPT 4M€, Armenia 16M€, Georgia 19M€, Azerbaijan 2,6M€) </li></ul><ul><li>Supporting Education needs of Iraqis refugees (Jordan 26.68M€) </li></ul>Youth Employability Workshop
  10. 10. Bilateral ENP cooperation: some examples 2000-2010 (II) <ul><li>Improvement of employability of young Palestinian refugees (Lebanon 4 M€) </li></ul><ul><li>Promoting Employment/Placement services (Algeria 14M€) </li></ul><ul><li>Employability (Tunisia 65M€ within Education/Training/Higher Education 2010) </li></ul><ul><li>Supporting Local and Social Development (Egypt 20 M€, Lebanon 18M€, Algeria 50M€) </li></ul><ul><li>Promoting Decent work and tackling child labour (Syria 2.5M€, Egypt 20M€) </li></ul><ul><li>Supporting Social Protection (Syria 2.5, OPT 40M€, Moldova 20M€, Egypt 20 M€) </li></ul>Youth Employability Workshop
  11. 11. Thematic programmes: some targeted projects for youth <ul><li>Migration and Asylum: “Strengthening the Moldova capacity to manage labour and return migration within the framework of the mobility partnership” (3 M€) </li></ul><ul><li>Investing in people: multicountry and innovative projects in the calls for proposals «  Towards demand-driven Technical and Vocational Education and Training systems ” (2008; 5.8M € ) and «  TVET in informal economy  »(2009; 17 M€) </li></ul><ul><li>NSA-LA: Youth employment resource centre in Azerbaijan (0.16 M€) ; Vocational and business skillls in Abkhazia Georgia (0.28 M€) </li></ul>Youth Employability Workshop
  12. 12. How the EU external cooperation can contribute to youth employability? (I) <ul><li>Ensure that youth and youth inclusion issues are adequately covered in programming </li></ul><ul><li>Engage a multi-sectoral “youth inclusion” policy dialogue (where appropiate) and develop multi sectoral youth programmes (when conditions are met) to foster youth as a cross-cutting issue in national development strategies </li></ul><ul><li>Support the development and implementation of national action plan on youth employment as a way to establish an integrated and youth friendly concept of employment policy </li></ul>
  13. 13. How the EU external cooperation can contribute to youth employability? (II) <ul><li>Encourage job creation through youth entrepreneurship </li></ul><ul><li>Ensure complementarity between bilateral regional and thematic programmes </li></ul><ul><li>Foster partnerships, dissemination of good practices of youth programmes </li></ul>
  14. 14. Helene Bourgade European Commission - EuropeAid Thanks for your attention