What do you already know that
I don’t need to teach you?
TPRS,Teaching Proficiency through Reading
and Storytelling is a foreign language
teaching methodology based on providing
ample comprehensible input, personalizing
lessons to make them student-centered and
teaching for mastery.
muchacha el gato tiene agarra
el piso es bueno
pequeño tira llora
está triste escapa es malo le da
Novel use- use the words in new
ways, commands, etc.
PQA- personalized questions
PMS- personal mini-situations
“Teach to the eyes”/“Feed the hungry”/”Check your
Set the stage for drama
Use 3 locations to set your story in motion
Create a false reality
Exaggerate voice inflection
Make it BIZARRE EXAGERRATEDAND
Coach use of Rejoinders/How to receive a
- Are you serious?
- No way?
- How lucky!
Start out in the present tense but do not limit yourself
to the present tense. That is unnatural.
Always answer when students
question the patterns- ”pop-up grammar”
Think of the vocabulary of a four or five year old.
Their grammar has not been sheltered.
Their vocabulary is kept to an appropriate level.
Establish the content of the story.
Superstars retell to the class or all retell in
partners to each other.
BUTTHERE IS MORETO EVERY STORY !!!
I WANTTO KNOW MORE !!
Ask repetitive questions.
Do not ask question in order.
Keep recycling vocabulary with novel questions.
Follow the story asking guidelines.
Keep them engaged.
Create a movie in their mind. Can they see? Ask
them “Can you see it?”
The answers do not need to be logical.
Repetition is at the heart of storytelling.
How old is the girl?
Does she live in a house?
Where is her house?
Where did she get that cat?
What is the cat’s name?
Why is the boy so bad?
Where did the cat go?
Why did Monica give away her cat?
Is it really a good cat or a bad cat?
Retell the story with the details.
Timed writings (8 minutes 100 words- grade
Writing exercises- answer the questions
Teach someone at home the story
Illustrate the story cartoon style
Podcast the story/Act out the story
Establish meaning of vocabulary/grammar
Personalize and keep them interested (BEP)
Ask the details
Point out the grammar
Assess- check for grammar as needed
“This is what I would like to see/hear as you
Every story has:
Grading with colors (understanding
mastery as the goal)
Club 100 (reading)
Old fashioned dictation (listening)
100 words in target language – recognition
Later, 90 in target, 10 in English
Students create rubric “What is excellent?”
90-100 =Yellow 70-80 = Orange
80-90 = Pink below 70 - Green
Read inTarget Language
Students write what they hear
Students confirm meaning with translation
Native speakers/Class visitors read
Bonus offered upon request (always !)
Grade with colors (excellent, good, etc.)
Simplify, Scaffold, Succeed!!
FindTPRS people onTwitter, Facebook,
they and many others are there to help
and share ideas.