Stem changers

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Avancemos 3 Leccion Preliminar Stem Changing Verbs

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  • Stem changers

    1. 1. The Present Tense of Stem-Changing Verbs: e  ie, e  i, o  ue(El tiempo presente de los verbos de cambio radical)
    2. 2. There is a fairly large group of verbs in Spanish that undergo changes in their stem when conjugated in the present tense. These changes occur only in the first and second persons singular and third persons singular and plural.
    3. 3. There is a fairly large group of verbs in Spanish that undergo changes in their stem when conjugated in the present tense. These changes occur only in the first and second persons singular and third persons singular and plural. When a line is drawn around the forms that change, the resultingshape vaguely resembles a boot or high-top shoe; thus, these verbs are sometimes informally called “boot” or “shoe” verbs.
    4. 4. There is a fairly large group of verbs in Spanish that undergo changes in their stem when conjugated in the present tense. These changes occur only in the first and second persons singular and third persons singular and plural. When a line is drawn around the forms that change, the resultingshape vaguely resembles a boot or high-top shoe; thus, these verbs are sometimes informally called “boot” or “shoe” verbs. There are three types or classes of “boot” verbs.
    5. 5. Type 1: e  ie
    6. 6. Type 1: e  ieWe’ll use entender, to understand, as an example of this type. entender
    7. 7. Type 1: e  ieWe’ll use entender, to understand, as an example of this type. entender entiendo
    8. 8. Type 1: e  ieWe’ll use entender, to understand, as an example of this type. entender entiendo entiendes
    9. 9. Type 1: e  ieWe’ll use entender, to understand, as an example of this type. entender entiendo entiendes entiende
    10. 10. Type 1: e  ieWe’ll use entender, to understand, as an example of this type. entender entiendo entendemos entiendes entiende
    11. 11. Type 1: e  ieWe’ll use entender, to understand, as an example of this type. entender entiendo entendemos entiendes entendéis entiende
    12. 12. Type 1: e  ieWe’ll use entender, to understand, as an example of this type. entender entiendo entendemos entiendes entendéis entiende entienden
    13. 13. Type 1: e  ieWe’ll use entender, to understand, as an example of this type. entender entiendo entendemos entiendes entendéis entiende entienden
    14. 14. Type 1: e  ieWe’ll use entender, to understand, as an example of this type. entender entiendo entendemos entiendes entendéis entiende entienden The stem undergoes the change only when stressed.
    15. 15. Here are some other common e  ie verbs:
    16. 16. Here are some other common e  ie verbs: empezar, comenzar to begin
    17. 17. Here are some other common e  ie verbs: empezar, comenzar to begin pensar (+ infinitive) to think; to plan (to do something)
    18. 18. Here are some other common e  ie verbs: empezar, comenzar to begin pensar (+ infinitive) to think; to plan (to do something) perder to lose
    19. 19. Here are some other common e  ie verbs: empezar, comenzar to begin pensar (+ infinitive) to think; to plan (to do something) perder to lose preferir to prefer
    20. 20. Here are some other common e  ie verbs: empezar, comenzar to begin pensar (+ infinitive) to think; to plan (to do something) perder to lose preferir to prefer querer to want, to love
    21. 21. tener, venir
    22. 22. tener, venirThe verbs tener and venir are what might be called partial stem-changing verbs; the yo forms do not have the stem change, but they do have an irregularity.
    23. 23. tener, venirThe verbs tener and venir are what might be called partial stem-changing verbs; the yo forms do not have the stem change, but they do have an irregularity. tengo
    24. 24. tener, venirThe verbs tener and venir are what might be called partial stem-changing verbs; the yo forms do not have the stem change, but they do have an irregularity. tengo tienes
    25. 25. tener, venirThe verbs tener and venir are what might be called partial stem-changing verbs; the yo forms do not have the stem change, but they do have an irregularity. tengo tienes tiene
    26. 26. tener, venirThe verbs tener and venir are what might be called partial stem-changing verbs; the yo forms do not have the stem change, but they do have an irregularity. tengo tenemos tienes tiene
    27. 27. tener, venirThe verbs tener and venir are what might be called partial stem-changing verbs; the yo forms do not have the stem change, but they do have an irregularity. tengo tenemos tienes tenéis tiene
    28. 28. tener, venirThe verbs tener and venir are what might be called partial stem-changing verbs; the yo forms do not have the stem change, but they do have an irregularity. tengo tenemos tienes tenéis tiene tienen
    29. 29. tener, venir The verbs tener and venir are what might be called partial stem-changing verbs; the yo forms do not have the stem change, but they do have an irregularity. tengo tenemos tienes tenéis tiene tienenTengo exámenes mañana. I have exams tomorrow.
    30. 30. tener, venir The verbs tener and venir are what might be called partial stem-changing verbs; the yo forms do not have the stem change, but they do have an irregularity. tengo tenemos tienes tenéis tiene tienenTengo exámenes mañana. I have exams tomorrow. vengo
    31. 31. tener, venir The verbs tener and venir are what might be called partial stem-changing verbs; the yo forms do not have the stem change, but they do have an irregularity. tengo tenemos tienes tenéis tiene tienenTengo exámenes mañana. I have exams tomorrow. vengo vienes
    32. 32. tener, venir The verbs tener and venir are what might be called partial stem-changing verbs; the yo forms do not have the stem change, but they do have an irregularity. tengo tenemos tienes tenéis tiene tienenTengo exámenes mañana. I have exams tomorrow. vengo vienes viene
    33. 33. tener, venir The verbs tener and venir are what might be called partial stem-changing verbs; the yo forms do not have the stem change, but they do have an irregularity. tengo tenemos tienes tenéis tiene tienenTengo exámenes mañana. I have exams tomorrow. vengo venimos vienes viene
    34. 34. tener, venir The verbs tener and venir are what might be called partial stem-changing verbs; the yo forms do not have the stem change, but they do have an irregularity. tengo tenemos tienes tenéis tiene tienenTengo exámenes mañana. I have exams tomorrow. vengo venimos vienes venís viene
    35. 35. tener, venir The verbs tener and venir are what might be called partial stem-changing verbs; the yo forms do not have the stem change, but they do have an irregularity. tengo tenemos tienes tenéis tiene tienenTengo exámenes mañana. I have exams tomorrow. vengo venimos vienes venís viene vienen
    36. 36. tener, venir The verbs tener and venir are what might be called partial stem-changing verbs; the yo forms do not have the stem change, but they do have an irregularity. tengo tenemos tienes tenéis tiene tienenTengo exámenes mañana. I have exams tomorrow. vengo venimos vienes venís viene vienenVengo de la biblioteca. I’m coming from the library.
    37. 37. Type 2: e  i
    38. 38. Type 2: e  iWe’ll use servir, to serve, as an example of this type. servir
    39. 39. Type 2: e  iWe’ll use servir, to serve, as an example of this type. servir sirvo
    40. 40. Type 2: e  iWe’ll use servir, to serve, as an example of this type. servir sirvo sirves
    41. 41. Type 2: e  iWe’ll use servir, to serve, as an example of this type. servir sirvo sirves sirve
    42. 42. Type 2: e  iWe’ll use servir, to serve, as an example of this type. servir sirvo servimos sirves sirve
    43. 43. Type 2: e  iWe’ll use servir, to serve, as an example of this type. servir sirvo servimos sirves servís sirve
    44. 44. Type 2: e  iWe’ll use servir, to serve, as an example of this type. servir sirvo servimos sirves servís sirve sirven
    45. 45. Type 2: e  iWe’ll use servir, to serve, as an example of this type. servir sirvo servimos sirves servís sirve sirven
    46. 46. Type 2: e  iWe’ll use servir, to serve, as an example of this type. servir sirvo servimos sirves servís sirve sirven Note: All e  i verbs are -ir verbs.
    47. 47. Here are some other common e  i verbs:
    48. 48. Here are some other common e  i verbs: servir to serve
    49. 49. Here are some other common e  i verbs: servir to serve pedir to ask for, to request
    50. 50. Here are some other common e  i verbs: servir to serve pedir to ask for, to request repetir to repeat, to have a second helping
    51. 51. Here are some other common e  i verbs: servir to serve pedir to ask for, to request repetir to repeat, to have a second helping competir to compete
    52. 52. DECIR is a boot verb AND it has an irregular yo form. decir
    53. 53. DECIR is a boot verb AND it has an irregular yo form. decir digo
    54. 54. DECIR is a boot verb AND it has an irregular yo form. decir digo dices
    55. 55. DECIR is a boot verb AND it has an irregular yo form. decir digo dices dice
    56. 56. DECIR is a boot verb AND it has an irregular yo form. decir digo decimos dices dice
    57. 57. DECIR is a boot verb AND it has an irregular yo form. decir digo decimos dices decís dice
    58. 58. DECIR is a boot verb AND it has an irregular yo form. decir digo decimos dices decís dice dicen
    59. 59. DECIR is a boot verb AND it has an irregular yo form. decir digo decimos dices decís dice dicen
    60. 60. Type 3: o  ue
    61. 61. Type 3: o  ueWe’ll use almorzar, to have lunch, as an example of this type. almorzar
    62. 62. Type 3: o  ueWe’ll use almorzar, to have lunch, as an example of this type. almorzar almuerzo
    63. 63. Type 3: o  ueWe’ll use almorzar, to have lunch, as an example of this type. almorzar almuerzo almuerzas
    64. 64. Type 3: o  ueWe’ll use almorzar, to have lunch, as an example of this type. almorzar almuerzo almuerzas almuerza
    65. 65. Type 3: o  ueWe’ll use almorzar, to have lunch, as an example of this type. almorzar almuerzo almorzamos almuerzas almuerza
    66. 66. Type 3: o  ueWe’ll use almorzar, to have lunch, as an example of this type. almorzar almuerzo almorzamos almuerzas almorzáis almuerza
    67. 67. Type 3: o  ueWe’ll use almorzar, to have lunch, as an example of this type. almorzar almuerzo almorzamos almuerzas almorzáis almuerza almuerzan
    68. 68. Type 3: o  ueWe’ll use almorzar, to have lunch, as an example of this type. almorzar almuerzo almorzamos almuerzas almorzáis almuerza almuerzan
    69. 69. The verb jugar, to play (games or sports), follows thesame pattern as o  ue verbs, but the change is u  ue. jugar
    70. 70. The verb jugar, to play (games or sports), follows thesame pattern as o  ue verbs, but the change is u  ue. jugar juego
    71. 71. The verb jugar, to play (games or sports), follows thesame pattern as o  ue verbs, but the change is u  ue. jugar juego juegas
    72. 72. The verb jugar, to play (games or sports), follows thesame pattern as o  ue verbs, but the change is u  ue. jugar juego juegas juega
    73. 73. The verb jugar, to play (games or sports), follows thesame pattern as o  ue verbs, but the change is u  ue. jugar juego jugamos juegas juega
    74. 74. The verb jugar, to play (games or sports), follows thesame pattern as o  ue verbs, but the change is u  ue. jugar juego jugamos juegas jugáis juega
    75. 75. The verb jugar, to play (games or sports), follows thesame pattern as o  ue verbs, but the change is u  ue. jugar juego jugamos juegas jugáis juega juegan
    76. 76. The verb jugar, to play (games or sports), follows thesame pattern as o  ue verbs, but the change is u  ue. jugar juego jugamos juegas jugáis juega juegan
    77. 77. Here are some other common o  ue verbs:
    78. 78. Here are some other common o  ue verbs: contar* to tell a story, to count
    79. 79. Here are some other common o  ue verbs: contar* to tell a story, to dormir count to sleep
    80. 80. Here are some other common o  ue verbs: contar* to tell a story, to dormir count to sleep encontrar to find
    81. 81. Here are some other common o  ue verbs: contar* to tell a story, to dormir count to sleep encontrar to find poder to be able; can
    82. 82. Here are some other common o  ue verbs: contar* to tell a story, to dormir count to sleep encontrar to find poder to be able; can recordar to remember
    83. 83. Here are some other common o  ue verbs: contar* to tell a story, to dormir count to sleep encontrar to find poder to be able; can recordar to remember soñar (con) to dream (about)
    84. 84. Here are some other common o  ue verbs: contar* to tell a story, to dormir count to sleep encontrar to find poder to be able; can recordar to remember soñar (con) to dream (about) volver to return, to come back
    85. 85. The verbs querer and preferir Expressing desires and preferences Querer and preferir are important stem- changing verbs that have multiple uses.
    86. 86. querer quiero queremos quieres queréis quiere quierenWhen used with a thing as the direct object, querer means to want.
    87. 87. ¿Quiere un Sí, y quiero sándwich papas fritas de pollo? también, por favor.
    88. 88. querer quiero queremos quieres queréis quiere quierenWhen used with a person as the direct object, querer means to love.
    89. 89. preferir prefiero preferimos prefieres preferís prefiere prefierenPreferir, of course, means to prefer.
    90. 90. ¿Quiere un sándwich No señor, de pollo? prefiero una hamburguesa.
    91. 91. Both querer and preferir can be usedwith an infinitive directly after them
    92. 92. Both querer and preferir can be used with an infinitive directly after themWe start with an appropriate person andnumber of querer or preferir . . .quiero queremosquieres queréisquiere quieren
    93. 93. Both querer and preferir can be used with an infinitive directly after themWe start with an appropriate person andnumber of querer or preferir . . . and then add any infinitive.quiero queremos estudiar leerquieres queréis escribir comer viajar aprenderquiere quieren bailar dormir
    94. 94. Both querer and preferir can be used with an infinitive directly after themWe start with an appropriate person andnumber of querer or preferir . . . and then add any infinitive.quiero queremos estudiar leerquieres queréis escribir comer viajar aprenderquiere quieren bailar dormir Rafael quiere esquiar, pero su novia prefiere patinar. Rafael wants to ski, but his girlfriend prefers to skate.
    95. 95. Thinking and planningThe verb pensar is another very useful stem- changing verb. pienso pensamos piensas pensáis piensa piensan
    96. 96. Thinking and planning
    97. 97. Thinking and planningPensar basically means “to think.”
    98. 98. Thinking and planning Pensar basically means “to think.”Me gusta ir al parque parapensar y descansar.I like to go to the park tothink and rest.
    99. 99. Thinking and planning
    100. 100. Thinking and planningPensar en means “to think about.”
    101. 101. Thinking and planning Pensar en means “to think about.” Gabriela siempre piensa en sus estudios.Gabriela is always thinking about her studies.
    102. 102. Thinking and planning Pensar en means “to think about.” Gabriela siempre piensa en sus estudios.Gabriela is always thinking about her studies. Pensamos en el bienestar de la familia.We’re thinking about the wellbeing of the family.
    103. 103. Thinking and planning Pensar en means “to think about.” Gabriela siempre piensa en sus estudios.Gabriela is always thinking about her studies. Pensamos en el bienestar de la familia.We’re thinking about the wellbeing of the family. ¿En qué piensas?What are you thinking about?
    104. 104. Thinking and planning
    105. 105. Thinking and planningPensar de means “to think of” (to have an opinion about.)
    106. 106. Thinking and planning Pensar de means “to think of” (to have an opinion about.)¿Qué piensas de las novelas de Márquez? What do you think of Márquez’s novels?
    107. 107. Thinking and planning Pensar de means “to think of” (to have an opinion about.) ¿Qué piensas de las novelas de Márquez? What do you think of Márquez’s novels?Pensar que means “to think that” (in answer to the above question, for example.)
    108. 108. Thinking and planning Pensar de means “to think of” (to have an opinion about.) ¿Qué piensas de las novelas de Márquez? What do you think of Márquez’s novels?Pensar que means “to think that” (in answer to the above question, for example.) Yo pienso que sus novelas son maravillosas. I think that his novels are wonderful.
    109. 109. Thinking and planning
    110. 110. Thinking and planningPensar also has a special use . . .
    111. 111. Thinking and planningPensar also has a special use . . . pensar + infinitive = to plan to do something
    112. 112. Thinking and planning Pensar also has a special use . . . pensar + infinitive = to plan to do somethingPensamos escucharmúsica en el parque estatarde.We’re planning to listen tomusic in the park thisafternoon.
    113. 113. Thinking and planning
    114. 114. Thinking and planning¿Qué piensas hacer después de clase? Después de clase, yo pienso . . .
    115. 115. Thinking and planning¿Qué piensas hacer después de clase? Después de clase, yo pienso . . .¿Qué piensas hacer este fin de semana? Este fin de semana, pienso . . .
    116. 116. Thinking and planning¿Qué piensas hacer después de clase? Después de clase, yo pienso . . .¿Qué piensas hacer este fin de semana? Este fin de semana, pienso . . .¿Qué piensan hacer Uds. (tú y tu familia)en las vacaciones de verano? En las vacaciones de verano, pensamos . . .
    117. 117. FIN

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