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Avancemos 3 Leccion Preliminar Stem Changing Verbs

Avancemos 3 Leccion Preliminar Stem Changing Verbs

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Stem changers Stem changers Presentation Transcript

  • The Present Tense of Stem-Changing Verbs: e  ie, e  i, o  ue(El tiempo presente de los verbos de cambio radical)
  • There is a fairly large group of verbs in Spanish that undergo changes in their stem when conjugated in the present tense. These changes occur only in the first and second persons singular and third persons singular and plural.
  • There is a fairly large group of verbs in Spanish that undergo changes in their stem when conjugated in the present tense. These changes occur only in the first and second persons singular and third persons singular and plural. When a line is drawn around the forms that change, the resultingshape vaguely resembles a boot or high-top shoe; thus, these verbs are sometimes informally called “boot” or “shoe” verbs.
  • There is a fairly large group of verbs in Spanish that undergo changes in their stem when conjugated in the present tense. These changes occur only in the first and second persons singular and third persons singular and plural. When a line is drawn around the forms that change, the resultingshape vaguely resembles a boot or high-top shoe; thus, these verbs are sometimes informally called “boot” or “shoe” verbs. There are three types or classes of “boot” verbs.
  • Type 1: e  ie
  • Type 1: e  ieWe’ll use entender, to understand, as an example of this type. entender
  • Type 1: e  ieWe’ll use entender, to understand, as an example of this type. entender entiendo
  • Type 1: e  ieWe’ll use entender, to understand, as an example of this type. entender entiendo entiendes
  • Type 1: e  ieWe’ll use entender, to understand, as an example of this type. entender entiendo entiendes entiende
  • Type 1: e  ieWe’ll use entender, to understand, as an example of this type. entender entiendo entendemos entiendes entiende
  • Type 1: e  ieWe’ll use entender, to understand, as an example of this type. entender entiendo entendemos entiendes entendéis entiende
  • Type 1: e  ieWe’ll use entender, to understand, as an example of this type. entender entiendo entendemos entiendes entendéis entiende entienden
  • Type 1: e  ieWe’ll use entender, to understand, as an example of this type. entender entiendo entendemos entiendes entendéis entiende entienden
  • Type 1: e  ieWe’ll use entender, to understand, as an example of this type. entender entiendo entendemos entiendes entendéis entiende entienden The stem undergoes the change only when stressed.
  • Here are some other common e  ie verbs:
  • Here are some other common e  ie verbs: empezar, comenzar to begin
  • Here are some other common e  ie verbs: empezar, comenzar to begin pensar (+ infinitive) to think; to plan (to do something)
  • Here are some other common e  ie verbs: empezar, comenzar to begin pensar (+ infinitive) to think; to plan (to do something) perder to lose
  • Here are some other common e  ie verbs: empezar, comenzar to begin pensar (+ infinitive) to think; to plan (to do something) perder to lose preferir to prefer
  • Here are some other common e  ie verbs: empezar, comenzar to begin pensar (+ infinitive) to think; to plan (to do something) perder to lose preferir to prefer querer to want, to love
  • tener, venir
  • tener, venirThe verbs tener and venir are what might be called partial stem-changing verbs; the yo forms do not have the stem change, but they do have an irregularity.
  • tener, venirThe verbs tener and venir are what might be called partial stem-changing verbs; the yo forms do not have the stem change, but they do have an irregularity. tengo
  • tener, venirThe verbs tener and venir are what might be called partial stem-changing verbs; the yo forms do not have the stem change, but they do have an irregularity. tengo tienes
  • tener, venirThe verbs tener and venir are what might be called partial stem-changing verbs; the yo forms do not have the stem change, but they do have an irregularity. tengo tienes tiene
  • tener, venirThe verbs tener and venir are what might be called partial stem-changing verbs; the yo forms do not have the stem change, but they do have an irregularity. tengo tenemos tienes tiene
  • tener, venirThe verbs tener and venir are what might be called partial stem-changing verbs; the yo forms do not have the stem change, but they do have an irregularity. tengo tenemos tienes tenéis tiene
  • tener, venirThe verbs tener and venir are what might be called partial stem-changing verbs; the yo forms do not have the stem change, but they do have an irregularity. tengo tenemos tienes tenéis tiene tienen
  • tener, venir The verbs tener and venir are what might be called partial stem-changing verbs; the yo forms do not have the stem change, but they do have an irregularity. tengo tenemos tienes tenéis tiene tienenTengo exámenes mañana. I have exams tomorrow.
  • tener, venir The verbs tener and venir are what might be called partial stem-changing verbs; the yo forms do not have the stem change, but they do have an irregularity. tengo tenemos tienes tenéis tiene tienenTengo exámenes mañana. I have exams tomorrow. vengo
  • tener, venir The verbs tener and venir are what might be called partial stem-changing verbs; the yo forms do not have the stem change, but they do have an irregularity. tengo tenemos tienes tenéis tiene tienenTengo exámenes mañana. I have exams tomorrow. vengo vienes
  • tener, venir The verbs tener and venir are what might be called partial stem-changing verbs; the yo forms do not have the stem change, but they do have an irregularity. tengo tenemos tienes tenéis tiene tienenTengo exámenes mañana. I have exams tomorrow. vengo vienes viene
  • tener, venir The verbs tener and venir are what might be called partial stem-changing verbs; the yo forms do not have the stem change, but they do have an irregularity. tengo tenemos tienes tenéis tiene tienenTengo exámenes mañana. I have exams tomorrow. vengo venimos vienes viene
  • tener, venir The verbs tener and venir are what might be called partial stem-changing verbs; the yo forms do not have the stem change, but they do have an irregularity. tengo tenemos tienes tenéis tiene tienenTengo exámenes mañana. I have exams tomorrow. vengo venimos vienes venís viene
  • tener, venir The verbs tener and venir are what might be called partial stem-changing verbs; the yo forms do not have the stem change, but they do have an irregularity. tengo tenemos tienes tenéis tiene tienenTengo exámenes mañana. I have exams tomorrow. vengo venimos vienes venís viene vienen
  • tener, venir The verbs tener and venir are what might be called partial stem-changing verbs; the yo forms do not have the stem change, but they do have an irregularity. tengo tenemos tienes tenéis tiene tienenTengo exámenes mañana. I have exams tomorrow. vengo venimos vienes venís viene vienenVengo de la biblioteca. I’m coming from the library.
  • Type 2: e  i
  • Type 2: e  iWe’ll use servir, to serve, as an example of this type. servir
  • Type 2: e  iWe’ll use servir, to serve, as an example of this type. servir sirvo
  • Type 2: e  iWe’ll use servir, to serve, as an example of this type. servir sirvo sirves
  • Type 2: e  iWe’ll use servir, to serve, as an example of this type. servir sirvo sirves sirve
  • Type 2: e  iWe’ll use servir, to serve, as an example of this type. servir sirvo servimos sirves sirve
  • Type 2: e  iWe’ll use servir, to serve, as an example of this type. servir sirvo servimos sirves servís sirve
  • Type 2: e  iWe’ll use servir, to serve, as an example of this type. servir sirvo servimos sirves servís sirve sirven
  • Type 2: e  iWe’ll use servir, to serve, as an example of this type. servir sirvo servimos sirves servís sirve sirven
  • Type 2: e  iWe’ll use servir, to serve, as an example of this type. servir sirvo servimos sirves servís sirve sirven Note: All e  i verbs are -ir verbs.
  • Here are some other common e  i verbs:
  • Here are some other common e  i verbs: servir to serve
  • Here are some other common e  i verbs: servir to serve pedir to ask for, to request
  • Here are some other common e  i verbs: servir to serve pedir to ask for, to request repetir to repeat, to have a second helping
  • Here are some other common e  i verbs: servir to serve pedir to ask for, to request repetir to repeat, to have a second helping competir to compete
  • DECIR is a boot verb AND it has an irregular yo form. decir
  • DECIR is a boot verb AND it has an irregular yo form. decir digo
  • DECIR is a boot verb AND it has an irregular yo form. decir digo dices
  • DECIR is a boot verb AND it has an irregular yo form. decir digo dices dice
  • DECIR is a boot verb AND it has an irregular yo form. decir digo decimos dices dice
  • DECIR is a boot verb AND it has an irregular yo form. decir digo decimos dices decís dice
  • DECIR is a boot verb AND it has an irregular yo form. decir digo decimos dices decís dice dicen
  • DECIR is a boot verb AND it has an irregular yo form. decir digo decimos dices decís dice dicen
  • Type 3: o  ue
  • Type 3: o  ueWe’ll use almorzar, to have lunch, as an example of this type. almorzar
  • Type 3: o  ueWe’ll use almorzar, to have lunch, as an example of this type. almorzar almuerzo
  • Type 3: o  ueWe’ll use almorzar, to have lunch, as an example of this type. almorzar almuerzo almuerzas
  • Type 3: o  ueWe’ll use almorzar, to have lunch, as an example of this type. almorzar almuerzo almuerzas almuerza
  • Type 3: o  ueWe’ll use almorzar, to have lunch, as an example of this type. almorzar almuerzo almorzamos almuerzas almuerza
  • Type 3: o  ueWe’ll use almorzar, to have lunch, as an example of this type. almorzar almuerzo almorzamos almuerzas almorzáis almuerza
  • Type 3: o  ueWe’ll use almorzar, to have lunch, as an example of this type. almorzar almuerzo almorzamos almuerzas almorzáis almuerza almuerzan
  • Type 3: o  ueWe’ll use almorzar, to have lunch, as an example of this type. almorzar almuerzo almorzamos almuerzas almorzáis almuerza almuerzan
  • The verb jugar, to play (games or sports), follows thesame pattern as o  ue verbs, but the change is u  ue. jugar
  • The verb jugar, to play (games or sports), follows thesame pattern as o  ue verbs, but the change is u  ue. jugar juego
  • The verb jugar, to play (games or sports), follows thesame pattern as o  ue verbs, but the change is u  ue. jugar juego juegas
  • The verb jugar, to play (games or sports), follows thesame pattern as o  ue verbs, but the change is u  ue. jugar juego juegas juega
  • The verb jugar, to play (games or sports), follows thesame pattern as o  ue verbs, but the change is u  ue. jugar juego jugamos juegas juega
  • The verb jugar, to play (games or sports), follows thesame pattern as o  ue verbs, but the change is u  ue. jugar juego jugamos juegas jugáis juega
  • The verb jugar, to play (games or sports), follows thesame pattern as o  ue verbs, but the change is u  ue. jugar juego jugamos juegas jugáis juega juegan
  • The verb jugar, to play (games or sports), follows thesame pattern as o  ue verbs, but the change is u  ue. jugar juego jugamos juegas jugáis juega juegan
  • Here are some other common o  ue verbs:
  • Here are some other common o  ue verbs: contar* to tell a story, to count
  • Here are some other common o  ue verbs: contar* to tell a story, to dormir count to sleep
  • Here are some other common o  ue verbs: contar* to tell a story, to dormir count to sleep encontrar to find
  • Here are some other common o  ue verbs: contar* to tell a story, to dormir count to sleep encontrar to find poder to be able; can
  • Here are some other common o  ue verbs: contar* to tell a story, to dormir count to sleep encontrar to find poder to be able; can recordar to remember
  • Here are some other common o  ue verbs: contar* to tell a story, to dormir count to sleep encontrar to find poder to be able; can recordar to remember soñar (con) to dream (about)
  • Here are some other common o  ue verbs: contar* to tell a story, to dormir count to sleep encontrar to find poder to be able; can recordar to remember soñar (con) to dream (about) volver to return, to come back
  • The verbs querer and preferir Expressing desires and preferences Querer and preferir are important stem- changing verbs that have multiple uses.
  • querer quiero queremos quieres queréis quiere quierenWhen used with a thing as the direct object, querer means to want.
  • ¿Quiere un Sí, y quiero sándwich papas fritas de pollo? también, por favor.
  • querer quiero queremos quieres queréis quiere quierenWhen used with a person as the direct object, querer means to love.
  • preferir prefiero preferimos prefieres preferís prefiere prefierenPreferir, of course, means to prefer.
  • ¿Quiere un sándwich No señor, de pollo? prefiero una hamburguesa.
  • Both querer and preferir can be usedwith an infinitive directly after them
  • Both querer and preferir can be used with an infinitive directly after themWe start with an appropriate person andnumber of querer or preferir . . .quiero queremosquieres queréisquiere quieren
  • Both querer and preferir can be used with an infinitive directly after themWe start with an appropriate person andnumber of querer or preferir . . . and then add any infinitive.quiero queremos estudiar leerquieres queréis escribir comer viajar aprenderquiere quieren bailar dormir
  • Both querer and preferir can be used with an infinitive directly after themWe start with an appropriate person andnumber of querer or preferir . . . and then add any infinitive.quiero queremos estudiar leerquieres queréis escribir comer viajar aprenderquiere quieren bailar dormir Rafael quiere esquiar, pero su novia prefiere patinar. Rafael wants to ski, but his girlfriend prefers to skate.
  • Thinking and planningThe verb pensar is another very useful stem- changing verb. pienso pensamos piensas pensáis piensa piensan
  • Thinking and planning
  • Thinking and planningPensar basically means “to think.”
  • Thinking and planning Pensar basically means “to think.”Me gusta ir al parque parapensar y descansar.I like to go to the park tothink and rest.
  • Thinking and planning
  • Thinking and planningPensar en means “to think about.”
  • Thinking and planning Pensar en means “to think about.” Gabriela siempre piensa en sus estudios.Gabriela is always thinking about her studies.
  • Thinking and planning Pensar en means “to think about.” Gabriela siempre piensa en sus estudios.Gabriela is always thinking about her studies. Pensamos en el bienestar de la familia.We’re thinking about the wellbeing of the family.
  • Thinking and planning Pensar en means “to think about.” Gabriela siempre piensa en sus estudios.Gabriela is always thinking about her studies. Pensamos en el bienestar de la familia.We’re thinking about the wellbeing of the family. ¿En qué piensas?What are you thinking about?
  • Thinking and planning
  • Thinking and planningPensar de means “to think of” (to have an opinion about.)
  • Thinking and planning Pensar de means “to think of” (to have an opinion about.)¿Qué piensas de las novelas de Márquez? What do you think of Márquez’s novels?
  • Thinking and planning Pensar de means “to think of” (to have an opinion about.) ¿Qué piensas de las novelas de Márquez? What do you think of Márquez’s novels?Pensar que means “to think that” (in answer to the above question, for example.)
  • Thinking and planning Pensar de means “to think of” (to have an opinion about.) ¿Qué piensas de las novelas de Márquez? What do you think of Márquez’s novels?Pensar que means “to think that” (in answer to the above question, for example.) Yo pienso que sus novelas son maravillosas. I think that his novels are wonderful.
  • Thinking and planning
  • Thinking and planningPensar also has a special use . . .
  • Thinking and planningPensar also has a special use . . . pensar + infinitive = to plan to do something
  • Thinking and planning Pensar also has a special use . . . pensar + infinitive = to plan to do somethingPensamos escucharmúsica en el parque estatarde.We’re planning to listen tomusic in the park thisafternoon.
  • Thinking and planning
  • Thinking and planning¿Qué piensas hacer después de clase? Después de clase, yo pienso . . .
  • Thinking and planning¿Qué piensas hacer después de clase? Después de clase, yo pienso . . .¿Qué piensas hacer este fin de semana? Este fin de semana, pienso . . .
  • Thinking and planning¿Qué piensas hacer después de clase? Después de clase, yo pienso . . .¿Qué piensas hacer este fin de semana? Este fin de semana, pienso . . .¿Qué piensan hacer Uds. (tú y tu familia)en las vacaciones de verano? En las vacaciones de verano, pensamos . . .
  • FIN