SNAKES Of the over 2000 species of snakesin the world, about 200 are foundinIndia. These range from the wormsnakes having a length of about 10cms. to those more than 6 mts.long. They live in almost all habitatsfrom the warm seas to semi-deserts,swamps, lakes and even in theHimalayan glaciers up to anelevation of about 5000 mts. Thirtymain species of Indian snakes havebeen discribed here.on that 250 arepoisonous.there are 4 dangerous
SOME OF THE SNAKES IN INDIAARE Common Krait (Bungarus caeruleus): A medium-sized snake with thin white bands on its body. Found almost all over India up to elevation of about 1700 mts. They are nocturnal in habit of about 1700 mts. They are nocturnal in habit
Indian Spectacled Cobra (Naja naja naja): A medium to large-sized snake found all over India up to an elevation of about 4000 mts. in the Himalayas. They feed on frogs, toads, rodents, birds and small snakes.
Indian Monocled Cobra (Naja naja kaouthia): A medium-sized snake ,parts ofUttarPradesh,Bihar,Orissa,WestBengal.They aremainly nocturnal in habit.
Russells Viper (Vipera russellii) : A medium to large-sized snake with a characteristic bright. patternonitsbody.FoundalloverIndiabothin the plains and hills up to an elevation of about 3000 mts
Saw-scaled Viper(Echis carinatus): A small-sized snake found all over India, usually in the plains. They may occur in areas as high as 2000 mts. in the northwestern Himalayas
Another snakesUpper snakes are top 4 poisonous snakesSome other non venomous and venomus snakes are:- Slender Worm Snake 2. Pied-belly Shield-tail Snake 3. Nilgiri Shield-tail Snake4.Regal Python kasi Earth Snake 6. Olive Forest Snake7. Glossy Marsh Snake Bamboo Pit Viper,Hook-nosed Sea Snake, King Cobra, Sleder Coral Snake,Banded Krait, Dog-faced Watersnake, Common Cat Snake, Vine Snake, Flying Snake,mamba, Bronze-back Tree Snake, Royal Snake, Banded Racer, Rat Snake, Trinket Snake, Olive Keelback Watersnake, Checkered Keelback
SNAKE BITEA snakebite is an injury caused by a bite froma snake, often resulting in puncture woundsinflicted by the animals fangs and sometimesresulting in envenomation. Although the majority ofsnake species are non-venomous and typically killtheir prey with constrictionratherthan venom, venomous snakes can be found onevery continent except Antarctica. Snakes oftenbite their prey as a method of hunting, but also fordefensive purposes against predators. Since thephysical appearance of snakes may differ, there is
Part2 of snake bitesThe outcome of snake bites depends on numerous factors, including the species of snake, the area of the body bitten, the amount of venom injected, and the health conditions of the person. Feelings of terror and panic are common after a snakebite and can produce a characteristic set of symptoms mediated by theautonomic nervous system, such as a racing heart andnausea. Bites from non- venomous snakes can also cause injury, often due to lacerations caused by the snakes teeth, or from a resulting infection. A bite may also trigger an anaphylactic reaction, which is potentially fatal. First aid recommendations for bites depend on the
Part3 of snake bites The number of fatalities attributed to snake bites varies greatly by geographical area. Although deaths are relatively rare in Australia, Europe and North America, the morbidity and mortality associated with snake bites is a serious public health problem in many regions of the world, particularly in rural areas lacking medical facilities. Further, while South Asia, Southeast Asia, and sub-Saharan Africa report the highest number of bites, there is also a high incidence in the Neotropics and other equatorial andsubtropical regions. Each year tens of thousands of people die from snake bites, yet the risk of being bitten can be lowered with preventive measures, such as wearing protective footwear and avoiding areas known to be inhabited by dangerous snakes.
Snake Bite PreventionVenomous snakebites are not always painful and may not be visible to the naked or untrained eye. There may or may not be puncture or scratch marks, let alone two puncture marks as most commonly seen in the movies. Venomous snakes have more than just two fangs in their mouth, they have other teeth both top & bottom as we do, consequently multiple scratch or puncture marks may be seen. A venomous snake only needs to break the top layer of skin & leave a tiny sample of venom (invisible to the eye) and this could be responsible for a fatallity.
Snake bite prevention SNAKE BITE PREVENTION: Always leave snakes alone. Do not attempt to hold, touch, feel or interfere with a snake Dead snakes can still inflict a fatal bite & there have been many documented incidents. Dont bury a dead snake in the garden bed, someone may scratch themselves on it, digging around at a later date. Dont throw the body of a dead snake into the paddock, someone may tread on or scratch themselves on the skeleton which may contain crystalized venom, still being lethal! Sometimes the nerves of a dead snake, severed in peices can still be resposible for a potentially fatal bite. 95% of people that are admitted to hospital due to snakebite, are those whom have tried to kill and/or interfere with the reptile, (statistical studies done in WA).
Part3 snake bite prevention Use a torch if walking around on a warm evening when dark, even around the house! Instead of risking death from cooking on a warm day, a snake will venture out of a night, laying upon warm pathways/cement/roads etc; to build up its body temperature prior to going on the hunt. Reptiles/snakes are cold blooded & ectothermic, meaning they need to draw & control their body temperature, by using the outside elements. This is why they are more commonly encountered in the warmer months of the year. On the other hand when temperatures are 32C & above, snakes/reptiles will seek areas to cool down, including inside your house. A snake may also detect moisture from air conditioning, escaping under the back/front door, as it passes by, especially in times of dry weather or drought. Dont invite a snake into your house by leaving the door open, not even for your pets
Part 4Never leave front/back doors include tents open in warm weather, make sure insect screens have no holes in them and monitor pet doors as snakes also use these to gain entry to a cooler area or water on a hot day. Fit a good quality weather strip to your door, one that has a grommet attached to the door stop, forcing the weather strip to the floor upon closing the door.Stack iron, firewood, timber etc; at least 30cm (12inches) off the ground. If possible dont leave items laying around the carport, garage or shed, especially near front/back doors. Try and use shelving.Always turn compost heaps regually to help prevent rodents from nesting in there. Prevent mice & rats from breeding on and around your property. Snakes will venture into the roof of ceiling space after them.
Part 5 Keep lawns, grass and weeds cut down to a minimum. Prune overhanging bushes, shrubs and trees up off the ground, removing secure areas where snakes like to hide. When landscaping your garden, remember that moss rocks, poorly constructed retaining walls and ground covers provide excellent & secure places for snakes to hide & live in particular - cavities after soil movement? Dont leave shoes/ boots etc; laying on the ground at the back/front door, if you must, get a shoe rack. A metre long brown snake can easily hide unseen - inside a shoe left laying on the ground at the door!
Part6 and conclusion Dont leave your pets water bowl by the back door, move itfurther down the backyard into a shaded area! Having yourpets water bowl near the door encourages the snake closerto your house making it easier to dart inside when youventure out! A dripping tap or air conditioner outlet can alsoprovide a viable water source for a thirsty snake!Never intentionally run over a snake on the road as it mayhitch a ride home with you!have the campsite well lit at night when snakes are active.Snake-bite Prevention is far better than a cure. There havebeen times when antivenenes havent worked. There mayalso be secondary infections or other complications.