Voyage by example

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Title: Voyage by example …

Title: Voyage by example
Speaker: Esteban Lorenzano
Thu, August 21, 11:00am – 11:30am

Video Part1: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1szVgKQm474
Video Part2: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vxork8Kckh8

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Voyage is a framework to abstract over NoSQL databases and provides nice object-oriented features to save objects.

Bio: Esteban Lorenzano, 42 years. Programmer since ever, Full-time Smalltalker since 2007 and Pharo enthusiast since almost its every beginning, after owning his own company and spend some years teaching at different universities in Argentina, he currently works de development of Pharo itself, at the RMoD team of INRIA (France)

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  • Video Part1: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1szVgKQm474
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  • 1. Voyage by example tips and tricks on persisting object models
  • 2. Esteban Lorenzano Pharo core developer INRIA - RMoD http://smallworks.eu
  • 3. Why? • You already know about Voyage • You already attended to a tutorial last year • But there are some recurrent problems people find when trying to use it • And I’m still seeing a lot of people that could be using it and they chose other solutions
  • 4. What is Voyage? (1) • Simple abstraction layer to map objects into a database - Very well suited for document databases, but in theory, the approach will work for other kind of repositories ‣ There was (long time ago) a Voyage-GLORP backend ‣ There was (even more time ago) a Voyage- ImageSegment backend - Voyage-Memory, Voyage-Mongo
  • 5. What is Voyage? (2) • Did I said is simple? • it ensures object identity • it provides error handling • it implements a connection pool
  • 6. Voyage principles • Behavioural complete (for common usage), but decoupled approach also possible. • Same design for different backends, but not a common abstraction - There is no such thing as a “voyage query language”, etc. - is a bit more work for users who want to switch, but a lot more happiness for the program itself
  • 7. Voyage ultimate goal To be the GLORP for NoSQL databases
  • 8. The problem to solve
  • 9. Impedance mistmatch Class A Class B Class C Table A Table B Table C 1..* *..* Ideal relational model
  • 10. Impedance mistmatch aColection anObject otherObject firstObject secondObject thirdObject Real object model
  • 11. Impedance mistmatch aColection anObject otherObject Real object model firstObject secondObject thirdObject
  • 12. Impedance mistmatch aColection anObject otherObject Real object model firstObject secondObject thirdObject
  • 13. So, what about those tips?
  • 14. Think in objects
  • 15. A simple model *..* Hero Power
  • 16. Persist (Hero named: ‘Groot’) addPower: ((Power named: ‘Plant Control’) level: #epic; yourself); save.
  • 17. Persist { _id: OID(…), #version: …, #instanceOf: ‘Hero’, name: ‘Groot’, powers: [ { #collection: ‘Power’, __id: OID(…) } ] } ! { _id: OID(…), #version: …, #instanceOf: ‘Power’, name: ‘Plant Control’, level: #epic, heroes: [ #collection: ‘Hero’, __id: OID(…) ] }
  • 18. Take control
  • 19. A simple model (a bit more complete) *..* Hero Power 1..* Equipment Container Pistol 1..*
  • 20. Persist (Hero named: ‘Star-lord’) addEquipment: (Container addItem: Pistol new; yourself); save.
  • 21. Persist (1) { _id: OID(…), #version: …, #instanceOf: ‘Hero’, name: ‘Star-lord’, powers: [], equipment: [ { #instanceOf: ‘Container’, ‘items’, [ { #instanceOf: ‘Pistol’ } ] } ] }
  • 22. Persist (2) { _id: OID(1), #version: …, #instanceOf: ‘Hero’, name: ‘Star-lord’, powers: [], equipment: [ { #collection: ‘Equipment’, __id: OID(2) } ] } ! { _id: OID(2), #version: …, #instanceOf: ‘Container’, items: [ { #collection: ‘Equipment’, __id: OID(3) } ] } ! { _id: OID(3), #version: …, #instanceOf: ‘Pistol’, }
  • 23. Integrity is a consequence
  • 24. Allowing missing content • We do not have foreign keys - So we cannot do things like “ON DELETE CASCADE” - Even delete validations are difficult ‣ Imagine “hero” has a “power”,and I remove the “power”. How can the hero notice it?
  • 25. Persist mongoContainer <mongoContainer> ! ^ VOMongoContainer new collectionName: ‘powers’; enableMissingContent; yourself
  • 26. Querying smart
  • 27. Query (1) Hero selectMany: [ :each | … ] sortBy: { #name -> VOOrder ascending } asDictionary limit: 100 offset: 100
  • 28. Query (2) Hero selectMany: { ‘name’ -> { ‘$regexp’ -> ‘^G.*’. ‘$options’ -> ‘i’ } asDictionary } asDictionary
  • 29. Adapt schemes
  • 30. The “scheme is not mine” problem • You can move meta-information to your program • Magritte-Voyage gives you a lot of power • You can extend/modify parts of the updating system too (like versioning)
  • 31. Meta-information { _id: OID(…), #version: …, #instanceOf: ‘Hero’, name: ‘Star-lord’, powers: [], equipment: [ { #instanceOf: ‘Container’, ‘items’, [ { #instanceOf: ‘Pistol’ } ] } ] }
  • 32. Meta-information { _id: OID(…), #version: …, #instanceOf: ‘Hero’, name: ‘Star-lord’, powers: [], equipment: [ { #instanceOf: ‘Container’, ‘items’, [ { #instanceOf: ‘Pistol’ } ] } ] }
  • 33. Meta-information { _id: OID(…), name: ‘Star-lord’, powers: [], equipment: [ { ‘items’, [ {} ] } ] }
  • 34. Voyage 2.0 • Root detection (enhance save & update) • Cyclic detection - Add strategy to persist cycles even without roots (It has some consequences (in querying, etc.), so it will be optional) • integrity validations - #removeWithDependencies • Materialisation customisations - #readRaw • Add backend: Riak
  • 35. Use it today! Gofer it smalltalkhubUser: ‘Pharo’ project: ’MetaRepoForPharo30’; configurationOf: ‘VoyageMongo’; loadStable. Thanks!! Esteban Lorenzano - 2014