Writing structures

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Writing structures

  1. 1. Structures of the different types of texts
  2. 2. Letters / emails <ul><li>Letters should include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Recipient’s address </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Date and Place </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The sender’s address is optional </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Letters / emails <ul><ul><li>All letters and emails should include: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Greeting </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Introduction with opening remarks and reasons for writing </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Main body </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Conclusion with closing remarks </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ending (yours, etc.) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Stories / narratives <ul><li>This is the appropriate structure: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Introduction: who, when, where, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Main body: 2 or more paragraphs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conclusion </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Stories / narratives <ul><ul><li>You can improve a story: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Adding adverbs and adjectives </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Avoiding simplistic adverbs and adjectives </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Using the senses to describe (smell, taste, etc.) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Using the direct speech and rhetorical questions </li></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Reviews: Films <ul><li>Introduction : Background information: characters, setting, type of film, actors, director, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Paragraph 1: Description of the plot. </li></ul><ul><li>Paragraph 2: Acting, setting, special effects, costumes, direction, awards. </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusion: Why you recommend it. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Reviews: Books <ul><li>Introduction : Background information: characters, setting, type of book, writer, year, nationality etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Paragraph 1: Description of the plot. </li></ul><ul><li>Paragraph 2: Developing of the story and characters, awards, sellings. </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusion: Why you recommend it. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Discurssive essays <ul><li>They just present a topic without opinions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Introduction with a general remark </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Main body </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conclusion </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. For and Against /advantages - disadvantages <ul><li>Introduction without your opinion </li></ul><ul><li>Body: presenting points for or against </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusion: It’s not a repetition of the introduction or of the main body and can include your opinion. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Opinion essays <ul><li>Introduction presenting topic and your opinion </li></ul><ul><li>Body with separate viewpoints </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusion: You restate your opinion with different words and conclude the text. You can compare your opinion with the information given in the paragraphs. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Reports <ul><li>Introduction: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>You present the report </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Aim of the report </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Where you got your information from (survey, internet, books) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Reports <ul><ul><ul><li>Body: </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>You present the different points, describe them and give examples if possible </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Reports <ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Conclusion: </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>You get to a conclusion taking into account the information presented and given by you. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Reports <ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Remember that you write a report for professional purposes </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>You should never give your opinion. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>

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