Open Government: Towards a Government as a Platform
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Open Government: Towards a Government as a Platform



English Version of the presentation "Gobierno Abierto: hacia un "Gobierno como Plataforma"

English Version of the presentation "Gobierno Abierto: hacia un "Gobierno como Plataforma"



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Open Government: Towards a Government as a Platform Open Government: Towards a Government as a Platform Presentation Transcript

  • Open government: towards a “Government as a Platform” Noche de las Telecomunicaciones 2011 Jornada sobre Gobierno AbiertoComunidad Foral de Navarra. Pamplona, 10 de Noviembre de 2011 Carlos E. Jiménez IEEE Technology Management Council Spain Department of Justice. Generalitat de Catalunya
  • Index 1.- Introduction: strategy and keys 2.- “Social Media” for “Government 2.0” 3.- “Open Government Data” 4.- “Open Government Metadata” 5.- Architecture and “Open Government” 6.- “Open Government Cloud Computing” towards a government as a platform?
  • Strategy and keys: open government is much more than open dataFrom the public policy… D E • Principles and Strategic targets V F E • Strategic planning (public policy) E L E O • Strategies: 1..n D P B •Information Systems alignment: the systems planning (IT alignment) M A E • What we can/should to do?: we are speaking about “Management” C N ... And “Public Management” K T… until operative level
  • Strategy and keys: open government is much more than open data
  • And then, we will be ready to start with the technological dimensionPlatforms and projects: the technological tools  But it is very important: do not forget the key principles: transparency, participation, collaboration (and do not forget the inclusion, efficiency…). Never forget it! • We will speak about co-production of services • We will speak about citizenships participation • We will speak about accountability…  Specific tools : From the Front Office and the citizen view... a) Social Media or “2.0” (Applications) b) Open Government Data for the transparency (Data) c) Architectures… (Platforms) Cloud Computing … until the Back Office
  • The “Social Media” and the Public Administration: Government 2.0 •Target: – Improve the public services – Strenghten the democratic processes – Support the public policies •Citizen-centric: The key is the citizen, not the technology•Very high impact in the politic participation area (communication directly with the citizen)•The new channels of social network ("2.0") are very useful for:– Participation– Citizen and government are closer– Citizen has an active rol– Information quantitatively and qualitatively better
  • The “Social Media” and the Public Administration: Government 2.0 –Participation and collaboration tools •Linkedin •Facebook •Twitter •Youtube •Wiki (Xwiki) •Forum (phpBB) •Weblogs (Xwiki) •…
  • The “Social Media” and the Public Administration: Government 2.0
  • The “Social Media” and the Public Administration: Government 2.0 Fuente: Citizen 2.0. Barkat, H. et al.
  • Open Government Data: some keysWhat does Open Government Data mean?“Philosophy and practice in order to have open public data [from the government], anyoneis free to use, reuse, and redistribute it without any legal restriction”Why? • Because it is a tool for the open government • Citizens will access to the information, but too (very important) companies, universities, research organizations… • More value and minor costs • It will be good for our information systems • It can to promote interoperability between public services; multichannel • Possibility to generate economic value (basis for other elements to improve efficiency, new values…)
  • Open Government Data: some keysBut we need more. Why?If we think in the model Data – Information – Knowledge – Wisdom • Where are the data? • … and what are the target, data o… more?• We should to think in other way, in order to have always in our minds the key elements forthe e-Government....• In order to have a public administration more efficient, more transparent… We need to payattention in the semantics (mean, format, structure….Because, we should to know that interoperability…Sheth, 1999: “Changing focus on interoperability in information systems: from system,syntax, structure to semantics”• The semantic dimension now is the key element in the interoperability
  • Open Government Data: some keysSemantics and the key of the “5 stars” data Fuente: W3C
  • Open Government MetadataAnd what about Open Government METADATA?• Metadata (information about the data) as a key for the semantic interoperability• 2 Pre-requisite for open data policies: a) high data disponibility and b) openness But it “there is currently very little discussion, if any, on Open Government Metadata”(ISA)… and in the Europe 2011-2015, action plan, semantic interoperabitility is...“…an essential precondition for open, flexible delivery of eGovernment services”• Metadata it can be defined just a time, it can be shared, it can be re-used, and they arekey because it will stimulate...... o To increase interoperability o To decrease development costs o To decrease integration costs and interchange information efforts o To avoid duplicate efforts
  • Open Government Data: examplesSome examples that you can to do…
  • Open Government Data: examplesSome examples that you can to do… Augmented Reality
  • Architecture. What is it happening?: the Government CloudWhy will we speak here about it?The standard IEEE 1471 adopted in ISO/IEC 42010:2007, defines architecture as:“The fundamental organization of a system embodied in its components, their relationships to each other,and to the environment, and the principles guiding its design and evolution.”Amazon (see Cloud Computing history) :“Cloud Architectures address key difficulties surrounding large-scale data processing. CloudArchitectures solve such difficulties.”For NIST (National Institute of Standards and Technology - U.S. Department of Commerce) CloudComputing is: • “Cloud computing is a model for enabling convenient, on-demand network access to a shared pool of configurable computing resources (e.g., networks, servers, storage, applications, and services) that can be rapidly provisioned and released with minimal management effort or service provider interaction. This cloud model promotes availability and is composed of five essential characteristics, three service models, and four deployment models. “
  • Architecture. What is it happening?: the Government CloudCloud Computing: Service models Image from
  • Architecture. What is it happening?: the Government CloudBenefits (Federal Cloud Computing Strategy -NIST-) “… improve resource utilization, …increase service responsiveness, …and accrue meaningful benefits o in efficiency, o agility, o and innovation.  Similarly, for the Federal Government, cloud computing holds tremendous potential to deliver public value by increasing operational efficiency and responding faster to constituent needs…”
  • Architecture. What is it happening?: the Government CloudUK: Government Cloud Strategy. A sub strategy of the Government ICTStrategy (March, 2011) “…These solutions must balance the need to be open, accessible and usable with the growing cyber-security threat and the need to handle sensitive information with due care.”
  • Architecture. What is it happening?: the Government Cloud High priority requirements: USA Gov - NIST - (draft - november 2011): 9 times in10 requirements
  • Architecture. What is it happening?: the Government CloudIEEE P2302 project. Standard for Intercloud Interoperability: • Topology, functions, governance, topological elements as clouds, roots, exchanges, gateways, functional elements as name spaces, presence, messaging, resource ontologies, trust infrastructure, governance elements as registration, geo-independence, trust anchor; potentially compliance and audit…
  • Architecture. What is it happening?: the Government CloudImportant. We must pay attention to: • Interoperability • Security (all dimensions) • Control • Rules and legislation • Standards
  • Towards a Government as a Platform?
  • Towards a Government as a Platform?… in other words…: “A wave of Open Government initiatives are occurring around the globe. As part of their drive for more transparency and citizen engagement, many Governments are publishing open data for public consumption. This session will look at examples of open data projects around the world, how these are helping Governments transform their relationship with citizens, and how cloud computing technology is enabling Public Sector organizations to rapidly implement Open Government initiatives.”
  • Towards a Government as a Platform? “When you use a car navigation system to guide you to your destination, you are using an application buit on the government platform, extended and enriched by massive private sector investment... Government as a plaftorm provider created capabilities that enrich the possibilities for subsequent private sector investment. [ ...] In the context of government as a platform, the key question is what architectures will lead to the most generative outcome. The goal is to design programs and supporting infrastructure that enable “we the people” to do most of the work”. Tim O’Reilly
  • Thank you very much!!! Carlos E. Jiménez carlosjimenez@ieee.org