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Project italy and emilia romagna

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International Class Blog Project - Belgium-France-Italy Introducing countries and regions.

International Class Blog Project - Belgium-France-Italy Introducing countries and regions.

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    and the Italian way
  • 2. Some Introductory notes
    • Italy islocated in SouthernEurope and isformedby the boot-shapedItalianPenInsula
    and a numberofislandsincluding the twolargestSicily and Sardinia.
    The country’s total area is 301,230 km2.
    • The Apennine Mountains form the peninsula’s
    backbone and the Alpsformitsnorthernboundary
    where Italy’s highestpointislocated on Mont Blanc.
    • The Po, Italy’s longestriver (652 km) flowsfrom the
    Alps on the western borderwith France and crosses
    the Padanplain on its way to the AdriaticSea.The five
    largestlakes are Garda, Maggiore, Como,
    Trasimeno, Bolsena.
    • Italy is a ParliamentaryDemocratic Republic with
    more than 60,000,000 people.
    • Romeisits capital where the Presidentof the
    Republic Giorgio Napolitano lives,the Senate and the
    ChambersofDeputies are and where the Prime
    Minister Silvio Berlusconi leadsthe CouncilofMinisters.
  • 3. The Climate
    • The climateof Italy ishighly diverse and can be far from the
    stereotypicalMediterraneanclimate, depending on location.
    • Mostof the inlandnorthernregionsof Italy, forexample
    Piedmont, Lombardy and Emilia Romagna, have a humid
    • The coastalareasof Liguria and mostof the peninsula
    southofFlorencegenerallyfit the Mediterranean
    stereotype .
    • Conditions on peninsularcoastalareas can bevery
    Differentfrom the interior’s higherground and valleys,
    particularlyduring the wintermonthswhen the
    higheraltitudestendtobecold, wet and
    • The coastalregionshavemildwinters and
    warm and generally dry summers, althoughlowlandvalleys can be
    quite hot in summer.
  • 4. Government and Politics
    • Italy is a parliamentarydemocraticrepublicwith a multi-party system (too
    manypartiesactually). Executive powerisexercisedby the Councilof
    Ministerswhichis led by a President (Prime Minister).
    • Legislative powerisvested in the twoHousesofparliament
    primarilythen in the CouncilofMinisters. The Judiciary
    powerisindependentfrom the executive and legislative
    • Giorgio Napolitano is the PresidentOf the Italian Republic.
    Heiselectedforsevenyearsby the Parliament. He
    represents the unityof the nation. Heis a pointof
    connection betweenthe threebranchesofpower. Heappoints
    the executive, heis the Presidentof the JudiciaryPower and he’s alsocommander-in-chiefof the ArmedForces.
    • Italy hasbeen a democraticrepublicsince 2 June 1946, when the monarchy
    wasabolishedbypopular referendum.
    • The constitutionwaspromulgated on 1 January 1948.
  • Government and Politics 2
    • The Presidentnominates the Prime Ministerwhoproposes the other
    Ministers (formallyappointedby the Presidentof the Republic).
    • The present Prime Ministeris Silvio Berlusconi.
    Italy elects a parliamentconsistingoftwo
    houses,the ChamberofDeputieswith 630
    members and the Senateof the Republic with
    315 members.
    • Legislative billsmay originate in bothhouses
    and mustbepassedby a majority in both.
    AllItaliancitizens 18 yearsofage and older can vote. Howeverto vote for the Senate, the votermustbe at least 25 yearsold.
    • The electoral system isverycomplicated at the moment and waschangedby the presentmajoritywhichruns the government (right wing), Manypartieswouldliketochangeit and have a French or German-like system.
  • Economy
    • The Italian economy haschangeddramaticallysince the end of World War II.
    Fromanagricultarallybased economy, ithasdevelopedintoan industrial
    state rankedasoneof the world largest industrial economy.
    • Italy belongsto the Group ofEight (G8) industrializednations; itisa
    memberof the EuropeanUnion . Italy hasfewnaturalresources. With
    muchof the landunsuitedforfarming, itis a net foodimporter. Italy’s
    economicstrengthisin the processing and the manufacturing ofgoods,
    primarily in small and medium sizedfamily-ownedfirms. Its major
    industriesare precisionmachinery, motor vehicles, chemicals, pharmaceuticals, electricgoods and fashion and clothing.
    • Italy continuestograpplewith budget deficits and high public debts. The
    situation hasbeengettingworse in the last fewyearslike in the other
    • The ItalianGovernmentshouldbring the budget deficit down to a level
    thatwouldallow a rapiddecreaseof the debt. The global economiccrisishashad a large impact on exports and domesticdemand. Italy continuestograpplewith the effectsofglobalizationwherecertaincountries (notably China) haveeroded the Italianlower-end industrial productsector. The Italian economy isalsoaffectedby a large underground economy. This production isnotsubject, ofcourse, totaxation and remains a source oflostrevenueto the local and centralgovernment.
    • Unemployementisquite high at the moment: averageabout 11% with more than 14-15% in southernregions.
    • Roman Catholicism is the main religion with 85 percent of native-born citizens Catholic, if only nominally, and only 20% participate regularly in services of worship.
    • 5. The Constitution provides for freedom of religion, and the government is thought to generally respect this right in
    practice, not tolerating its abuse, either by government or private action. Thus, there is no state religion and the
    constitution prohibits state support for private schools but the Catholic Church enjoys
    some privileges, stemming from its sovereign status and its historical political authority,
    not available to other faiths.
    • The Church is allowed to select Catholic teachers, paid by the State, to provide
    instruction in "hour of religion" courses taught in the public schools although
    this class is optional, and students who do not wish to attend are free to study
    other subjects.
    • The status of the Roman Catholic Church in Italy has been determined powers
    by a series of accords with the Italian government. The Lateran Pacts of 1929,
    which were confirmed by the present Constitution, confirms that the State of Vatican City
    is recognised by Italy as an independent, sovereign entity. While preserving that recognition, in 1984 Italy and the
    Vatican updated several provisions of the 1929 Pacts, which included the end of Roman Catholicism as Italy's
    formal state religion.
    • While most of the population is Roman Catholic there are also significant minorities, which include Protestants
    and Jews, although the Jehovah's Witnesses form the second largest denomination among native-born
    citizens,numbering approximately 400,000. Increasing immigration has led to some anti-immigrant sentiment to be
    directed towards the country's many Muslim immigrants as religion has served as an additional factor differentiating
    them from native-born citizens. Immigration, both legal and illegal, continues to add large groups of non-Christian
    residents, mainly Muslims from North Africa, South Asia, Albania, and the Middle East (about 1,000,000) .
    • Recent polls show that approximately 14% of the population consider themselves to be either atheists or agnostics.
    • Rome is the largest city in Italy, and it's also the capital of the country.
    It has countless ancient monuments, such as the world-famous
    Colosseum. In the ancient times Rome was the center of a vast empire,
    and the Roman Forum was a major power center of the ancient world.
    You can walk today in the very places frequented by Julius Caesar and
    Roman emperors like Caesar Augustus. The city also has a wealth of
    more modern art and fountains. At the famous Trevi Fountain, it's said
    you will return to Rome if you toss a coin in. But not only does Rome
    feature ancient wonders and many centuries of art. It is also a vibrant
    city really full of life.
    • Known for its art, Florence is a gorgeous city brimming with palaces
    and Renaissance architecture. This was the birthplace of the Italian
    Rennaisance, and leading artists like Leonardo Da Vinci and Michelangelo
    worked here. You can see Michelangelo's famous masterpiece,
    The David here. The Duomo towers over the red roofs of Florence,
    giving the city its unique skyline. The Ponte Vecchio is another unique
    landmark - it's a bridge over the Arno River, that has shops hanging off
    the sides of the bridge.
    • These have served many purposes over the centuries, but today
    you'll find some spectacular jewelry shops there - just browsing is
    amazing. And while you might want to avoid summertime if you're there when it's hot outside,
    there are many gelaterias to tempt you with their cool gelato offerings.
    • Linked by a series of canals, Venice is a feast for the eyes.
    It's a truly a unique experience. As there are no cars or trucks
    in the city, you can enjoy being a pedestrian in Italy.
    There are many narrow, winding, cobbled streets to stroll,
    with small courtyards tucked away here and there,
    and frequent bridges over the canals. The other way to
    get around is by boat - either on a vaporetto
    (like a boat bus), or on one of the traditional
    and romantic gondolas.
    St Mark's Square is world famous, with its cathedral of golden
    mosaics dominating the scene. It's a large square,
    and you can sit and relax, enjoying a real cappuccino
    as you watch the people go by. You can also visit the smaller
    outer islands, and watch glass blowers
    at Murano, or lace making on Burano.
    • Considered by many to be Italy's most sophisticated city, Milan
    is a major finance and fashion capital. Whether buying or just
    window shopping, you can see the cutting edge of high-fashion
    in the designer shops in this city. Milan is always in the lead,
    so the trends you see here may show up back home awhile later,
    and you can say you saw it here first!
    The 500 year old Gothic Duomo is one of the largest churches
    ever built, and it's quite a sight to behold, with an incredible array
    of sculptures and spires. If you love castles, the CastelloSforzesco
    is a huge fortified castle, which survived many a battle
    in its centuries-long history.
    Today it is home to several museums. And the most famous
    sight of all is probably the painting by Leonardo da Vinci –
    The Last Supper. It's a mural on the wall of Santa Maria della Grazie,
    and if you want to see it, make arrangements in advance –
    it can be sold out ahead of time!
     We just stop here but there are so many wonderful
    Cities to visit both in northern and southern Italy
    • In nearly a century between 1876 and 1970, an estimated 25 million Italians left the country in search of work. Of these, 12 million left for destinations outside Europe. In the 1860s, transatlantic migration was most frequent among northern Italians and was often
    associated with certain trades; for example, farmers, artists, and street traders
    tended to emigrate to America.
    • Two decades later, however, the trend had become a mass phenomenon, with
    the main migrants increasingly emanating from the south.
    Their principal destination was the United States, favored by more than half
    the emigrants, the others choosing Argentina, Brazil, and Canada. Some also went to Australia.
    In the 1920s the United States introduced strict immigration laws, and economic conditions in
    Brazil and Argentina deteriorated so much that transatlantic emigration was stymied. In
    addition, the fascist regime opposed emigration,and during World War II emigration halted
    almost completely.
    • After 1945 destinations were mainly European, the most popular being France
    initially and then West Germany, Switzerland, Belgium.
    • During this period the nature of emigration patterns changed, becoming less
    stable. In many cases the emigrants were mostly male, as some European
    countries refused entry to workers’ relatives because of housing shortages.
    • Often Italian workers would remain abroad for short periods of time,
    returning every so often to Italy.
    • After so many years we wonder whether Italians remember they had to emigrate abroad and they should always have a culture to welcome immigrants
    • Wehavehad a lotofimmigrationwaves in the last 30 years. At first from North AfricancountriessuchasMorocco, Tunisia, Egyptthen, in the late Eighties, from Albania and Philippinesmainly. Mostimmigrantswereillegal and withoutpapers and documents.
    • 9. Immigrationto Italy isstillcausedbybeingnear Africa and thisisan easy way to come by boat toSicily. MoreoverImmigrantsthinkthatit ‘s easy tofind a job and live in Italy butverysoontheyrealizethat reality isdifferent.
    • 10. Allthiscaused a big problemforour society butitwasn’t so intense asithasbeen in the last fewyears.
    • 11. In the last decade manyimmigrantshave come to Italy fromEasternEurope: Poland, Romania Hungary, Ucraine, Russia and from Asia especiallyfromNorthern India (Punjab) and from Pakistan.
    • 12. At leasttwolawshavebeenapprovedbytheGovernmentand
    Parliamentbutillegalimmigrationhasalwaysbeen a problem.
    Weneed people to work in ourindustries and in farmingbutwe
    havealsomanyimmigrantswhocommitcrimes .
    • Italy hasalwaysbeen a generous and welcomingcountrybut
    in the last fewyears a feeling of a certainracismagainstforeign
    people hasgrownwhichisn’t goodat all.
  • 13. Wethinkwehaveboredyouenough…let’s talk aboutsomethinglessseriousthen… May be….
    Food and Cuisine
  • 14. SPORT
    • Italy has a long sportingtradition. In lotsofsports, bothindividual and team, Italy has a goodrepresentation and manysuccesses. The mostpopular sport isfootball. The Italian national football team has won the FIFA World Cup four times (1934, 1938, 1982, and 2006), trailing only Brazil (with five). Italy's club sides have won 27 major European
    trophies, making them the most successful footballing nation in
    Europe. But after 4 years our national team played badly and lost
    vsSlovacchiaat the last World Cup in South Africa. It still plays
    that way…
    • Also basketball and volleyball are very popular with Italy having
    a rich tradition in both. Italy is one of the main basketball nations
    of Europe. The national team's best results were gold at Eurobasket
    1983 and 1999, as well as Silver at the Olympics of 2004. Until the
    2000s, the Italian league was considered the strongest domestic
    league outside of North America.
    Volleyball is played by a lot of amateur players and professional
    players compete in the Italian Volleyball League. Italian National
    male and female teams are often in top four ranking of national teams
    in the world, regarded as the best volleyball league in the world.
    • Cycling is also a well represented sport in Italy. Italians have won more
    World Cycling Championships than any other country except Belgium.
    The Girod'Italia is a world famous long distance bicycle race held every May
  • 15. FASHION
    • Italian fashion has a long tradition and isregarded
    asoneof the mostimportant in the world. Milan,
    Florence and Rome are Italy’s main fashion
    capitals. Major Italian fashion labelssuchas
    Gucci, Prada, Armani, Valentino,Dolce e Gabbana,
    Versace, Max Mara, Fendi, tonamea few, are
    regardedasamongst the finestfashion houses in the world-
    • Howeverdesignedclothes are veryexpensiveand
    most fashion houses produce abroad (China,
    • Italianmadeshoes are famousallover the world
    fortheir style and leatherespecially Geox, Tod’s, Hogan,
    and hand-madeshoes are wellknownallover the world.
  • 16. MUSIC
    • Born out of the strains of melodrama, the melodic traditions of Italian
    song have seen many a change over the past 50 years, starting with
    DomenicoModugno. This tradition has never lost its charm, confirmed by
    the fact that singers like NillaPizzi and Al Bano are still very popular abroad,
    essentially responsible for the success also of modern singers such as Eros
    Ramazzotti , Laura Pausini, Tiziano Ferro, Andrea Bocelli.
    • The explosion of rock ‘n’ roll influenced and altered Italian song from the outset:
    this was the time when wild young stars like Mina, Adriano Celentano, Rita Pavone
    and Gianni Morandi made their mark. However a truly original current in Italian song is the singer
    songwriter phenomenon. For Gino Paoli, Luigi
    Tenco, Bruno Lauzi and Sergio Endrigo, songs could express a world of inner feelings that was artistically
    autonomous; also the songs of Fabrizio De Andrè, while influenced by the music of Bob Dylan and Leonard Cohen,
    reflect a tendency towards a world of intimate thought; Roberto Vecchioni explored individual inner feelings by telling
    tales of Milan and its private emotions; the music of LucioBattisti for the first time inventively blended the
    Characteristics of American rhythm ‘n’ blues with the Italian melodic style, using simple yet dramatic language. Other
    major names in Italian music are Claudio Baglioni, AntonelloVenditti, poets and ballad singer-songwriters such as
    Francesco De Gregori and Francesco Gucciniand rock artists such as Vasco Rossi, Ligabue, Zucchero. The story
    of LucioDalla from Bologna is quite unique: he began his career as a player in a jazz band and shrewdly proceeded to
    develop his own individual style of work which now includes even theatre musical scores. There has also been a revival
    of vocal romantic singing which reached its height with stars such as Pavarotti and Bocelli, following the outstanding
    worldwide success of the song Caruso, by LucioDalla. Italian light music comprises excellent singers and players
    whose style models are jazz-oriented, such as the piano player Paolo Conte, or inspired by the blues, as in the guitar
    music of Pino Daniele, or even based on ancient traditional music and folk songs, best seen in the violin music of
    Angelo Branduardi. Singer-songwriting has today embarked into new musical territory with figures of great talent and
    communicability such as Jovanotti.
    (Andrea Bocelli, Con tepartirò)
  • 17. OPERA
    • Opera began in Italy. The mostfamousItalian opera writers
    are Rossini, Donizetti, Bellini, Puccini and Verdi, whogave
    voice to the feelings and anxietiesofItalian society oftheirday.
    Itwasaboveallthrough opera thatthosefeelingswere
    expressedforexample the discontentthatpervaded Italy after
    the Unificationwasexpressed in Don Carlos by Verdi more than
    in anyotherliterarygenre.
    • There are so manyfamousItalianoperas: La Traviata,
    Aida, La Boheme, Rigoletto, Otello, Il Trovatore, Nabucco,
    Cavalleria Rusticana, Madama Butterfly, Manon Lescaut
    and manyothers.
    • In Italy there are a lotof opera theatres, nearlyalwaysin
    splendidXVIIIth-XIXthcenturyarchitectureincludingLa Scala in Milan, the Petruzzelli in Bari, the Valli in Reggio Emilia, the Fenice in Venice
    • Onegreat opera directoris Riccardo Muti whohas in recenttimesperfected some highlyoriginal and movinginterpretations in particularfor the operasof Verdi.
    • 18. Opera singersof the highestrepute include Luciano Pavarotti and Mirella Freni, bothborn in our province town, Modena, Renata Scotto, Sonia Ganassi, Michele Pertuso.
  • FOOD
    • One of the greatest prides of the Italians is their food. The major meal in Italy is eaten in the middle of the day. Large meals always consist of many courses. The Italians may have a pasta course followed by a course of fish or meat. The Italians sometimes have a course called antipasto, which is Italian for appetizers, before they eat their pasta
    course. The antipasto course may contain a large variety of vegetables and
    cold meats like prosciutto. The antipasto may also consist of salami, olives,
    and artichoke hearts.
    • Food in Italy vary a lot depending on which region you are in. Pizza is also a
    very popular food in Italy. Wine is served with every meal other than
    • Italians also have desserts after a meal. Fresh fruit is often a dessert.Cakes
    are most likely the most popular dessert. Cakes include ice-creams,
    tiramisu cake, rum cake, cannoli cake, and cheesecake.
    • Italians are known for their use of herbs in cooking, especially oregano,basil,
    thyme, parsley, rosemary, and sage. Cheese also plays an important role
    in Italian cuisine. There are more than 400 types of cheese made in Italy,
    with Parmesan, mozzarella, and asiago among the best known worldwide.
    Prosciutto ham was first made in Parma, a city that also gave its name to
    Parmesan cheese.
    • Many Italians eat their breakfast at the café where they usually have
    cappuccino or coffee with a croissant
  • 19. CINEMA
    • Italiancinema hasalwaysbeenfamous in the world.
    • 20. De Sica, Rossellini and Visconti mademasterpiecesofuniversal
    subjectmatter in a modernvein. FilmssuchasRome the Open City
    and Paisà havebecome cult works. Othergreatdirectorswere
    Mario Monicelli, Pietro Germi and Dino Risi.
    Butduring the SixtiesItalian cinema alsobecameexperimental
    withdirectorssuchasMichelangelo Antonioni and in the poetic
    worksofFederico Fellini and Pier Paolo Pasolini.
    La dolce vita wasanextraordinaryphenomenon, withlastingeffects
    on society aswell.
    • Alsounforgettable are worksofliterary cinema byLuchino Visconti and
    controversialpoliticalfilmsby Bellocchio and Ferreri. They are film makers
    who continue tohave a strong influence on directorsallaround the world.
    • Italianmodern cinema isrepresentedbydirectorslikeGabriele Salvatores (Mediterraneo), Gabriele Muccino (The Last Kiss, Remember me, my love) Paolo Virzì(MynameisTanino) , Giuseppe Tornatore (Cinema Paradiso. The Legendof 1900), Roberto Benigni whowon the Oscar AwardsforLife is Beautiful.
    • Spaghetti, mafia, musical accent, gestures, romantic, loud, communicative, fashion, chaos – these are allwordsoftenusedtodescribeItalians.
    • 21. Howmuchtruthisthere in the stereotype?
    other people mightgiveyoudifferentanswers.
    • Wewouldliketogiveyou some insightinto the
    Italian soul and way of living and clarify some
    common misunderstandingsthatforeignershave
    • Butwatchthis clip tosee
    What are The ITALIANS likeaccordingto the
  • 22. Wehopeyou’ve managedtosee the clip… Let’seewhat’s true in Italianstereotypes
    • Spaghetti and pasta in general are sacred.
    Youcannot take pasta awayfromanItalian
    mealotherwiseitwon’t be complete.
    • A tyypicalItalianmealusuallyincludes:
    Starter (primo): pasta
    Maincourse (secondo): fish or meatwithsalad
    Fruit or dessert (dolce)
    Herethereis the first problemasthere are some regionaldifferences so you can find risotto insteadof pasta.
    • A goodmealshouldalwaysbesharedwithsomeone else. It’s a way to share conversation and jokes, forget work for a coupleofhours and enjoy life. Don’t forget coffee. We drink lotsofespressos!
    • 23. Concerning work, whatdistinguishesItalians the mostfromother
    nationalitiesisthattheytendto take on their first job later in life – usually
    • Family is the mostimportantthing in ourlives and male aswellasfemale
    roles are based on it. Menshouldbe strong and protectivewhile women
    shouldbegentle and feminine. Neverthelessthisdoesby no meansimplythat women should stay
    at home taking care ofhousehold and childrenwhilemen are supposedtobe the mainbreadwinners. MostItalian women havejobs and are indepenentaswell.
  • 24. The way we are
    • The way wespeakiscompletelyoriginal. The mostimportantelementofcommunication are the gestures: the way wemoveourhands, holdourheads, moveourshoulders, ourfacialexpressions, aswellas the way weuseoureyes and mouthstomakeourselves
    understood. A lotofforeignersthinkwe are fightingwhenwetalk
    that way butit’s just the way we are.
    • Weliketotravel a lotbut don’t speakmanyforeignlanguages.
    • 25. We do enjoy romance. An Italianguywillneverlet a girl go home
    unescorted, Also the macho idea isstillalive in italian culture.
    • We are also fashion victims: you can recognizeItaliansby the way they
    dressfrom the head tofeet. Wewilldressstilishlyforeverypossible
    occasion. Youwon’t everseeanItalianwearingsporting short pants
    combinedwithlong socks…it’s simplyagainstour fashion rules.
    • We are chaotic. Nothing in Italy iswellorganized or easy-to-use
    (butwe are improvingnow). Youhavetofighttofind the smallestscrapof information.
    • We are a generous, sunny, communicative people. Weliketo smile;
    we love to talk – preferablyover a one or twohourmealfollowedby
    a goodcupof coffee. Thisdoesn’t implythatwe don’t take work seriously
    or thatwe work lessthan in othercountries. A tipycalworkingday in Italy
    lastsforat least 8 hours, from 8 a m to 6 pm or longer.
    Wefeelthat work isnoteverything in life.
  • 26. Otheraspects
    • Italiansstay at theirparents’ home untiltheyhavesaved up enoughmoney
    topayfor a flat . This can take a whilewhichiswhymanyItalians
    leavetheirhomeswhenthey’re already 30 or older. This, by the way,
    hasearnedItalians a reputationtoofbeingmummy’s boys.
    evenifin certaincasesthisistrue.
    • The Mafia isreal: we are notproudofitbutitdoesexists, especially in
    the South and the IsleofSicily. Obviously, noteveryItalianis a Mafioso
    and mostwillfeeloffendedand insultedifyouuse the term, evenwhen
    youmeanitas a joke.
    • The countryof Italy ismade up bymanydifferentregions (20) and provinces –
    eachonewithitsowndistinctivedialect, culture and history. Inter-regional
    relations can bequitetenseduringelectionstimes or even just during
    local football matches.
    Butwe are alltotallycommittedtoournational football team.
    When the World Cupisbeingplayed, weforgetabout the differences
    between the North and the South, Milan and Rome.
  • 27. In conclusion
    We are a strange and wonderfulcountrythatis
    wellworth a visit – youmaylikeit or not, butyou
  • 29. Introductory notes to Emilia Romagna
    • Ourregionconsistsofnineprovinces and the capital is Bologna. Itisconsideredasoneof the richestregionsnot
    only in Italy but in Europe,too. Ithashighly
    advanced and modern social services.
    • Ithasoneof Italy’s highestqualityof life and
    it’s alsoa major cultural and touristiccentre,
    it’s the home of the oldestuniversity in the
    western world.
    • Nearlyhalfof the region (50%) consistsofplains (Pianura Padana), 25% ishilly and 25% ismountainous. The longestItalianriver, the Po, stretchesthroughit.
    • 30. The RegionalGovernment (traditionallyLeftWing) ispresidedby the Presidentof the Regionwhoiselectedfor a five-yearterm, and iscomposedby 12 ministers (assessori).
    • Emilia Romagna isoneof the richestEuropeanregions. Thereis the biggestagriculturalsector in Italy and a seculartradition in automobile, motor and mechanicproductions . Itisamong the leadingregionsforfarming in the country. Cereals, potatoes, maize, tomatoes and onions are the mostimportant
    productsalongwithfruit and grapesfor the production of wine
    (ofwhich the best known are Emilia’s Lambrusco, Sangiovese
    and Pignoletto). Cattle and pigbreeding are alsohighly
    developedespecially in farm cooperativeswhich are more than
    Industry in the regionpresents a varied and complexpicture. The food
    industry (ex. Barilla Group) isconcentrated in Parma, Modena and
    Bologna aswellas the mechanical and automotive.
    Ferrari, in Maranello, isnot far fromourtown. The samefor
    Maserati, Pagani, Lamborghini, Ducati. The well-knownceramic
    sectorisconcentrated in Sassuolo and Faenza.
    Tourismisincreasinglyimportant, especiallyalong the Adriatic
    coastlineand the citiesof art. Veryfamous in ourtown, Carpi, isthe
    clothing-textileindustry. The regional economy is more gearedto export marketsthanotherregions in the country.
    The regionof Emilia-Romagna has a verygood system oftransport.
    • Modena, our province, is a town rich in culture, food, wine and prestige car-makers
    • 32. Modena is so fascinating that it even charmed
    Unesco into putting three of its extraordinary
    beauties – the Cathedral, the Ghirlandinatower
    and Piazza Grande onto the World Heritage List
    in 1997. But Modena is not only a town of great
    art and culture. It is also universally known for its
    excellent food and wine, with stars such as traditional balsamic vinegar, Lambruscowine, and typical local salami.
    And of course, it is world-famous for its car-making
    factories. Each year Ferrari and Maserati are visited by millions of F1 fans coming from all over the planet, as far as Japan.
    • Home to the oldest university in the world, University of Bologna, founded in 1088, Bologna is one of the most developed cities in Italy. Bologna often ranks as one of the top cities, in terms of quality of life in Italy: it was ranked 5th in 2006, and 12th in 2007, out of 103 Italian cities. This is due to its strong industrial tradition, its wide range of highly-developed social services, and its physical location at the crossing-point of the most important highways and railways in
    the country. Bologna is a lively and cosmopolitan Italian college city, and it
    has a rich history, art, cuisine, music and culture, and was made 2000's
    European Capital of Culture.
    • Bologna's compact medieval center has several beautiful churches,
    monuments, and civic buildings.Bologna's many porticoed sidewalks make
    for pleasant walking and window shopping.
    • Piazza Maggiore is one of Bologna's central squares, lined with arcades. It's
    a good place to sit at an outdoor cafe. Around the square are the Gothic
    Basilica of San Petronio, the Palazzo deiNotai, the Archeological Museum.
    • Piazza del Nettuno, next to Piazza Maggiore, another of Bologna's main
    squares, has an ornate 16th-century fountain in the center and is surrounded
    by medieval civic buildings. Go inside the library and admire its beautiful interior.
    • You can climb the steep staircase to the top of Torre degliAsinelli, one of only
    a few surviving medieval towers, for a great view of Bologna. Torre degliAsinelli
    and another leaning tower are in Piazza PortaRavegnana where seven medieval
    streets converge.
    • In Piazza Santo Stefano you will find an unusual cluster of four interlocking
    Romanesque churches. The oldest, the church of SS. Vitale e Agricola, has parts
    of Roman temples and columns. There is also an interesting courtyard with a maze of little chapels.
    • Ravenna is a treasure chest of art, history and culture of the highest order, a city with ancient origins and a glorious past and capital three times, of the Western Roman Empire, of King Theodoric of the Goths and of the Byzantine Empire in Europe. The basilicas and baptisteries of the city contain the richest heritage
    of mosaics dating from the 5th and 6th centuries and eight historic
    buildings included in the World Heritage List of UNESCO.
    • The winding streets still reveal the past of a city built on a lagoon,
    the presence of water in the canals that cross it, closed during the
    period of Venetian rule and at the end of the fifteenth century opening
    the elegant space of Piazza Maggiore, now known as Piazza del Popolo.
    • The Baptistry of Neon (in Italian: BattisteroNeoniano) in Ravenna,
    Italy is the most ancient monument remaining in Ravenna, and
    was partly erected on the site of a Roman bath. It is also called the
    Orthodox Baptistry to distinguish it from the Arian Baptistry
    constructed on behest of Ostrogothic King Theodoric some 50 years later.
    • The Basilica of Sant' Apollinare in Classe is an important monument
    of Byzantine art.
    • The Mausoleum of Theodoric is an ancient monument just outside
    Ravenna. It was built in 520 CE by Theodoric the Great as his future tomb.
    • Parma is famous as the capital food centre of Italy, for its unimitable products and in particular for its Prosciutto of Parma ,cured pork meats and its famous Parmesan Cheese. Its main monuments are:
    Palazzo Vescovile
    Duomo 11th century
    Battistero (the most important, evolved
    monument during the Medieval period in Italy)
    San Giovanni Evangelista 12th century
    Church of Steccata - 16th century
    Palazzo dellaPilotta, with his extraordinary
    TeatroFarnese 16th century .
    The Town Hall - 17th century
    TeatroRegio (it is one of the most famous in Italy for opera)
    19th century .
    • Ourregionisveryfamous in Italy becauseweeatwell and it’s full ofrestaurantswhich serve deliciousfood.
    • 37. Emilia-Romagna isknownforegg pasta madewith soft wheat
    Emilia isfamousfor pasta disheslike tortellini, cappelletti,
    lasagne, tortelli verdi, tagliatelle and gramigna whileRomagna
    hasalsogarganelli and strozzapreti. Polenta isalsomade
    especially in the Apenninemountains.
    • Aceto Balsamico Tradizionale (balsamicvinegar) ismade
    only in the Emilia townsof Reggio Emilia and Modena,
    • Parmigiano Reggiano (Parmeasancheese) isproduced in the provinces
    of Reggio Emilia, Parma, Modena, Bologna and ismuchused in
    • A lotoffishiseaten on the Adriaticcoastbutthisismainlya
    • The regionhasmanycuredporkproducts: Parma hamincluding
    Culatello and Salame Felino, then Mortadella Pancetta, Coppa.
    • Prosciutto di Parma: It’s oneof the mostrenownedgastronomicproductsofthe
    region. AccordingtoItalianlawit can beproduced in the area of Parma only.
    Four are the productsnecessarytomake the Prosciutto: fine pigs, expertswho
    care afterthem,air (just the freshair of Parma countryside) and time (at least300
    days). The consistencyofthe Prosciutto isimportantasmuchasitsflavour: soft
    and silky.
    • Aceto Balsamico: The balsamicvinegarisrealizedfrom the grapespf Lambrusco of the provincesof Modena and Reggio Emilia, cookeduntilobtaininganextractthatis
    madtoage in barrelofwood.
    • Parmigiano Reggiano: Considered the kingofItaliancheeses, the Parmigiano
    Reggiano isknown and appreciatedthroughout the world: flakesofit are aredropped
    on grindedmeat and soups or, mostfamously, on the pasta.
    • Tortelli, Lasagne, Cappelletti: Emilia Romagna is the landof home madeegg pasta.
    Tagliatelle are usuallyservedwithmeatsauce and the pasta for
    real lasagna is green sinceit’s madewithspinach.
    • Cotechino e Zampone di Modena:They are madeby a mixtureofpork
    meatobtainedfrom the strekedmusculature, fatpigrind and blackpepper.
    • Gnocco fritto: Itis a light frieddough cut in squares, eatenwithprosciutto
    and salami.
    • Zuppa inglese: Inspiredby the English triflebutsimplymade
  • 39. FINALLY…
    Watchthis clip and you can seebetterwhatourregionis:
    Wehopeyouenjoyedourpresentation and wehopeto
    knowyoubetteralongthisschoolyear in this project.
    Classes 3 B and 3 E with
    theirteacher Enea Storchi Incerti