Stress ManagementHLT 215 Summer 2011 Dr. Esther Benoit
What is Stress?● Any demand made on the adaptive capacities of the mind and body Three important things to consider about stress: ○ Personal view of stressor or perception- is the stressor positive or negative? ○ Your reaction to stressful events ○ Stress is a demand upon our bodys capacity
Yerkes Dodson PrincipleTo a certain point, a specific amount of stress is useful, healthyand even beneficial. ● Describes the relationship between stress and performance ● Stress can increase performance, health and well-being ● When stress exceeds our abilities to cope it goes from increasing performance to decreasing performance ● Too little stress = bad ● Enough stress = good ● Too much stress = bad
Important TermsStress is the effect, the stressor is the cause.A stressor is any event or situation that a person perceives as athreat that causes the individual to either adapt or initiate thestress response.Eustress is the term used to explain the positive desirablestress that keeps life interesting and helps motivate and inspireDistress negative effects of stress that drain us of energy andsurpass our abilities to cope
Acute vs. Chronic StressAcute Stress is the result of a short-term stressor. It appearssuddenly, is very intense and disappears quickly.Episodic Acute Stress People who seem to constantlyexperience acute stress- Often blame problems on others orexternal events. Tend to be over-aroused, short-tempered,irritable and anxious.Chronic Stress Long-term stress coming from problems thatdont seem to go away. Unrelenting demands and pressures thatgo on indefinitely.
HealthHolistic Health describes the physical, intellectual,emotional, spiritual and social dimensions. Keyword: WHOLEHealth is more than just the absence of disease- we hope toincrease our capacity for dealing with stress so we can optimizeour health and well-beingDimensions of Health include: ● Physical ● Intellectual (how and what you think/mental health) ● Emotional (feelings) ● Spiritual ● Social (relationships)
Sources of StressWe are all unique- nature and nurture influence how you willrespond to stressful events- KNOW YOURSELF! ● Time Management ● Personal Expectations ● Family Expectations and Family Life ● Employment Decisions and Finances ● School Pressures ● Living Arrangements ● Relationships ● Physical Health Issues ● Environmental Stressors ● Information Overload ● Choices ● Daily Hassles
Seek Balance● Look for balance in your life● We need stress- but not too much!● You can prevent and manage stress using three basic approaches: ○ Eliminate the stressor ○ Change your thinking ○ Manage the stress