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GE80C Bortnick 4 19 10


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Introduction to information researching and critical thinking for a UCLA Freshman GE Cluster course, "Frontiers in Human Aging." This seminar focuses on arts and humanities in relation to aging …

Introduction to information researching and critical thinking for a UCLA Freshman GE Cluster course, "Frontiers in Human Aging." This seminar focuses on arts and humanities in relation to aging (ageing). (To see the text of this session, view the Notes pages after downloading this slide show.)

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  • Welcome! Intro self... How many have been in Powell Lib before? As I’ve mentioned before in GE80, this is a very large & confusing library system - 13 libraries; >9 mil. Vols. & it can take lots of time to figure out how it works. In Fall and Winter Quarters I know you got lots of excellent & useful information on various aspects of doing research for papers. I’m hoping that at the end of today’s class you’ll be even more powerful information literate researchers, so you can identify, select & locate the most useful information for your research papers for this class & for other purposes.
  • ¼ sheet w/urls brown 1/2 sheet--how to find... CSA Web of Science Library map
  • 2 Here’s what we’re going to cover today… Before we start, I just want to do a quick check about RTR…
  • HOW MANY PEOPLE HAVE DONE THE PRETESTS AND GONE THROUGH SOME OF THE LESSONS IN THE ROAD TO RESEARCH? The Starting Points section covered identifying & focusing a topic & picking a useful article index (steps 1-4) Finding Points covered steps 5 & 6 DOES ANYONE HAVE ANY QUESTIONS ABOUT EITHER OF THESE SECTIONS? Just as a quick review of a couple of key points… … WHERE WOULD YOU LOOK UP UCLA LIBRARY BOOKS? (Catalog) … WHERE WOULD YOU LOOK UP PERIODICAL ARTICLES BY TOPIC? (Periodical index dbs)
  • There are 7 basic information research steps … Recursive process… Questions?
  • Ok-Let’s talk a bit about your res paper assignments for this class. As I understand it, you have a Midterm Project and a Final Project BOTH INVOLVE PRIMARY SOURCES & SECONDARY SOURCES DOES ANYONE KNOW WHAT A PRIMARY SOURCE IS AS OPPOSED TO A SECONDARY SOURCE? Definition of a primary & secondary source can vary, depending on the discipline
  • Your MidTerm Project is a team effort where you have to pick an org, research its history & also find research demonstrating the value of its work So, for your MidTerm Project… PRIMARY SOURCE—THE ORG ITSELF; SECONDARY SOURCE—RESEARCH ABOUT THE ORGANIZATION
  • For your Final Project , you need to pick a theme that interests you & write about how it’s portrayed in 2 types of art forms You’ll need at least 7 examples from Fine Art, Film Drama, Songs, Short Stories or other art forms IN THE HUMANITIES, THESE WOULD BE CONSIDERED PRIMARY SOURCES And you’ll need to find at least 2 scholarly articles or academic books that analyze the examples you picked THESE WOULD BE SECONDARY SOURCES, WHERE PEOPLE WRITE ABOUT THE PRIMARY SOURCES DOES THIS MAKE SENSE?
  • You can find more or refresh your memory about this by going to links on the guide I created for your class
  • -Ok—Let’s go on to topic narrowing & broadening Sometimes the words we think of first when searching for information on a topic don’t really get us enough information, or they may get us too much information
  • For your midterm project, you’ve picked organizations to study as a team. In addition to other info about the organ, you need to do research to figure out how we know it works (at least two-three pages)—starting w/ ABOUT pg will tell you what the org’s mission is  a) Any verification of results – in form of empirical studies? NOTE: You may find some links to research studies on the org’s website, but think about it—the org itself picked these out, so they may only reflect positive results—need to think critically & question everything you find   b) Empirical research – journal articles – ON THIS ORG OR BROADEN TO THE FIELD? c) Summary of broader research in the field of which it is a part – use a dictionary or encyclopedia Breaking down your organization’s name & even looking at its mission can give you ideas about broader fields it falls under, so let’s do that  Let’s do some mental mapping about 1 of these org’s 1 st WHAT ARE THE MOST IMPORTANT WORDS IN THIS TOPIC?
  • Now, let’s say you searched these words and couldn’t find enough or you found too much? WHICH OTHER SEARCH WORDS COULD YOU SUBSTITUTE FOR SOME OF THESE WORDS?
  • Lifelong Learning=>Learn*, Education*, Senior Citizen*, Elder* Institute=> Institute*, Program*, Project* UCLA=>Los Angeles, L.A., California, United States, U.S. Extension=>Adult School* ***QUICK TIP—WATCH OUT FOR BRITISH SPELLING—AGEING, BEHAVIOUR WHY DID I PUT ASTERISKS AT THE ENDS OF SOME OF THESE WORDS? Truncation Symbol!! Very imp tip--can use it in searching to save lots of time Breaking down your organization’s name & even looking at its mission can give you ideas about broader fields it falls under
  • Dictionaries & encyclopedias can be handy for overviews of a field—check guide for this class under TOPIC OVERVIEW—GO TO IT! So, that’s how you can think about the fields under which your organization falls & brainstorm words related to your organization Brainstormed words can be a big help when you’re searching for articles & other materials on your topic, both for your Midterm project & for your final project We’ll talk about empirical studies & journal articles in a few minutes. 1 st , let’s continue w/the idea of mental mapping & brainstorming…
  • For your final project—you need to pick a theme related to aging, using the perspectives of two or more fields of the humanities or arts. Then write a 7-8 p. paper + ref’s & copies of examples Now we’re going to try a different approach that will help you focus your final paper topics I’m going to demo how to do this, & then you’re all going to try it in groups Let’s take the theme of Trying to hold back aging And combine it with the artistic expression of the NOVEL
  • Ok, so I have a general topic theme & a form of expression—drama Am I thinking of this topic from the beginning of time to the present? No, I’m going to pick a time period: early 1900s Ok, now, am I thinking about the idea of Trying to hold back aging all over the world? No, I’m going to pick a fictional area in England We already have a theme, and an artistic form, the novel, but I’m going to add the psychological aspect This class is about aging, so I’m picking children
  • Ok, so here’s my tentative topic. It might be a good research topic, well focused, or it might not. I don’t know yet, but there it is as a start Any questions about how I got to this topic? Ok. Now it’s your turn…
  • What I’d like you to do now is get into groups of 4 or 5 This will be your topic: Leaving a legacy Your artistic form will be FILM Your task will be to come up with 1 to 4 limiters on this theme & then a tentative topic You’ll have 10 minutes & then I’ll ask each group to report back to the class 10 minutes; REPORT BACK Now, if you were using this topic, your next step would be to pick at least 2 forms of artistic expression where you would find these themes—novels, short stories, films, music, etc. Then you need to find at least 7 specific examples, though you only have to focus on a few
  • So you have an idea of how to focus your theme for your final paper… You’ll also need to find & include at least two analytic writings on your theme, from reputable sources: articles in professional journals, professionally respected textbooks , and/or other academic sources. Let’s talk about how you tell if something is a journal…It’s confusing to a lot of people HOLD UP A MAGAZINE & A JOURNAL… Which one of these is a journal? WHAT MAKES THIS A JOURNAL? This issue contains some of the academic conversations going on in this field.
  • ACADEMIC CONVERSATIONS are going on all around you in academia--some are silent, some oral -WHAT ARE THESE CONVERSATIONS? -Scholars "talk” and argue about their research silently in articles, book reviews, essays, & books, and orally at conferences, and present evidence to support their views -Other scholars respond, to agree or disagree, and also submit evidence to support their views =>By doing a research paper , you’re entering into the conversation of a field, learning who are the main conversants, what are the main arguments & where you can find information about them, pro, con, reviews of the literature, and so on
  • What’s the key point here? Scholars select & submit evidence to support their views, and they publish their articles in journals. But journals don’t just publish everything that’s submitted to them. Here’s how the process works…
  • => PUB CYCLE/TIME LAG (due to: PEER REVIEW) -Article submitted to journal -Editor sends out to a few experts in the field for review, on editorial board of journal - “Peers” don’t know who wrote the article--they critique the content, research process, & evidence -Options: reject, send back for improvement or to answer questions, publish -Can go on for some time This is called the peer review process. Sometimes the articles are called “refereed”. =>Effort to ensure quality & rigor, based on knowledge of experts in field… Why should you care? Instructors like Professor Bortnick want you to use scholarly journal articles for your papers & peer-reviewed journals are more scholarly and respected than those that are not
  • OK--now you know about journals & the peer review process, but you also need to find EMPIRICAL studies WHAT DOES EMPIRICAL MEAN? EMPIRICAL= “derived from observation or experiment rather than speculation or theory.” Colman Dictionary of Psychology BF 31 C65 2001 Now, how do you find useful journal articles on your topic, both empirical and others? One effective method is to use article indexes or DATABASES.
  • Your class Research guide can help you find useful primary sources & article databases GO TO IT Click on the tab for Find/Evaluate Primary & Secondary Sources Let’s look at databases of primary sources 1st There are a few freely available databases, like IMDB
  • Examples of tools for identifying PRIMARY SOURCES for Final Project ArtSTOR—painting, sculpture, fashion, photographs UCLA Library’s LAT Photographs Collection—example: elderly: LC Flickr Photostream: Internet Movie Database—full keyword searching: Songs:
  • Songs: Strachwitz Frontera Collection of Mexican and Mexican American Sound Recordings [NOTE: SEARCH IN SPANISH, USING GOOGLE TRANSLATE] Lyrics Search engine: LION (poetry, drama, fiction, EEBO—Early English Books Online) Short Story Index (via Wilson)
  • There are also many hundreds of licensed or subscription databases to choose from, ID SECONDARY SOURCES For Mid-Term Project: Academic Search Complete Business Source Complete For Final Project: LION Literature Resource Center MLA Bibliography Web of Knowledge-esp. Arts & Humanities Citation INdex
  • -Let’s start with PsycInfo -It indexes 1300 js in psychology & related fields, like JOURNAL OF APPLIED GERONTOLOGY, as well as book chapters, books, dissertations & conf proceedings -very wide range of topics; back to 1806! -Save time by picking a db useful for your paper Check: topics covered, types of items indexed & timeframe
  • 18 HAS ANYONE USED PSYCINFO OR OTHER CSA databases? -In this system, in fact, you can search several important databases at once Let’s add some more dbs: ARTBibliographies Modern, MLA Bib, Soc Abs 1 ST tip: always try the Advanced search: lets you limit in many different ways Read screen for tips—e.g., truncation ; look for link to Help
  • Click on Peer Reviewed Journals tab (124) Sort by RELEVANCE WHAT DO WE HAVE ON THIS PAGE—WHAT’S IMPORTANT TO NOTICE, TOP TO BOTTOM? Titles of articles, Journal name, date of pub, brief abstract, descriptors WHAT DO THESE MEAN? References, Cited by Let’s take a look— CLICK ON title for #13: Characteristics, Enrollment, Attendance, and Dropout Patterns of Older Adults in Beginner Tai-Chi and Line- Dancing Programs. Gavin, Trisha S. 1 ; Myers, Anita M. 1 Journal of Aging and Physical Activity. Vol 11(1), Jan 2003, pp. 123-141 GO TO REFERENCES—30 REFERENCES BACK TO TOP: cited by 7 later articles
  • BACK TO RESULTS: #21: The Link between Successful Aging and Serious Leisure Brown, Carroll A ; McGuire, Francis A ; Voelkl, Judith International Journal of Aging and Human Development, vol. 66, no. 1, pp. 73-95, 2008 Select descriptors: DANCE and AGING (18; 17 PR J’S)
  • HOW DO YOU GET COPIES OF THESE ARTICLES? GO TO #3: The effect of modified jazz dance on balance, cognition, and mood in older adults. Alpert, Patricia T. 1 ; Miller, Sally K. 1 ; Wallmann, Harvey 2 ; Havey, Richard 3 ; Cross, Chad 3 ; Chevalia, Theresa 1 ; Gillis, Carrie B. 2 ; Kodandapari, Keshavan 1 Journal of the American Academy of Nurse Practitioners. Vol 21(2), Feb 2009, pp. 108-115 UC-eLinks is the key! Can also email copies of online articles—SELECT APA 5 TH EDITION If not online or in paper –use REQUEST to get a FREE COPY! DON’T PAY FOR ARTICLES!
  • Now let’s go to #14 in the results we just got Managing Aging in Young Adulthood: The "Aging" Table Dancer Ronai, Carol Rambo Journal of Aging Studies, vol. 6, no. 4, pp. 307-317, winter 1992 look at the abstract, & talk about annotations… 1st, WHAT’S AN ABSTRACT? Summary of item-- DO YOU SEE ANYTHING JUDGMENTAL IN THIS ABSTRACT? DOES IT SAY THAT ANYTHING IS GOOD OR BAD? IT’S DESCRIPTIVE, and this is an important part of an annotation Another important part of an annotation is some evaluative comment--your judgment on an item
  • Let’s go to a free site called Internet Public Library 2 & see if we can find a librarian who’s been judgmental about something… That’s sort of against the rules--we’re supposed to be objective… Search: POLITICAL SATIRE Look at Capitol Steps – click on the magnifying glass icon: CAN YOU FIND A JUDGMENT, A WORD THAT GIVES AN OPINION & EVALUATES THE SITE? Capitol Steps: Excellent political satire Annotations consist of BOTH description and evaluation REMEMBER: Write your annotation in your own words! DO NOT COPY & PASTE ABSTRACTS
  • 22 QUESTIONS about annotations?
  • Now, just 1 more thing before you search for articles on your own… For your annotated bibs, you’ll need to cite them in APA style DOES ANYONE KNOW WHAT APA STANDS FOR? American Psychological Assoc. AND HAS ANYONE STRUGGLED WITH TRYING TO DO CITATIONS CORRECTLY FOR A BIB? Well, I can tell you about some tools that will make citing much easier: KnightCite (ueses APA 5 th ed) SourceAid (uses APA 5 th ed) Both are free websites…
  • OK--so I hope you’ve learned how to save time and effort in information research. We talked about Your assignments Topic Narrowing/Broadening Identified, located, evaluated articles Annotating & Citing References Remember to think critically about information & even databases And… If you forget any of this, or need help…
  • , ask at a reference desk, send an email message, phone, or chat live with a librarian online! Thanks so much...
  • Transcript

    • 1. GE80C Students Welcome to College Library! Esther Grassian College Library Spring 2010 rev. 4/19/10
    • 2. Handouts…
    • 3. Agenda
      • 7 Research Steps
      • Your Assignments
      • Primary & Secondary Sources
      • Topic Narrowing/Broadening
      • Identifying/Locating/Evaluating
      • Citing References
      • What will you differently?
      • Questions Welcome!
    • 4. Road to Research
    • 5. Research Paper Steps
      • Pick a topic
      • ID topic limiters
      • Brainstorm
      • ID search tools
      • Keyword => Subject
      • Evaluate Results
      • Save Citations & Locate
    • 6. Your Assignments...
    • 7. Primary & Secondary Sources
      • Midterm Project
        • Organization = Primary Source
        • Research about it = Secondary Source
      • Final Project
        • Examples of Art Forms = Primary Sources
        • Analytical articles = Secondary Sources
    • 8.  
    • 9. For more…
      • Research Guide for your class:
    • 10. Topic Narrowing/Broadening
    • 11. Mental Mapping
      • Osher Lifelong Learning Institute at UCLA Extension
    • 12. Key Topic Words
      • Osher
      • Lifelong Learning
      • Institute
      • UCLA
      • Extension
    • 13. Related Words/Concepts
      • Learn*, Education*, Senior Citizen*, Elder*
      • Institute*, Program*, Project*
      • Los Angeles, L.A., California, United States, U.S.
      • Adult School*
    • 14. Topic Overview
      • Research Guide for your class
    • 15. How to Focus a Topic…
      • Theme : Trying to hold back aging
      • Artistic expression : Novel
    • 16. Possible Topic Limiters
      • Time Period
      • Geographic Region
      • Event or Aspect
      • Person or Group
    • 17. Tentative Topic
      • Peter Pan: the Boy Who Wouldn’t Grow Up , published in England in 1911, correctly represented the British public’s attitude toward aging at that time.
    • 18. Brainstorm…
      • Theme: Leaving a legacy
      • Artistic Form: Film
      • Task 1 : Come up with 1-4 limiters
        • Time Period
        • Geographic Region
        • Event or Aspect
        • Person or Group
      • Task 2 : Write Tentative Topic
    • 19. Questions?
    • 20. 9-MINUTE BREAK!
    • 21. What’s a JOURNAL?
    • 22. Academic Conversations
    • 23. Evidence…
    • 24. Peer Review/Referee Process
    • 25. Empirical
      • “ Derived from observation or experiment rather than speculation or theory.”
      • Colman, A. M. (2006). A Dictionary of Psychology . Oxford; New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
    • 26. Questions?
    • 27. Finding Primary Sources & Article Databases
      • Research Guide for your class
      • UCLA Library
        • Digital Collections
        • E-Resources
        • Frequently Used DBs
        • DBs by Subject
    • 28. Examples: Primary Source Databases
      • ARTStor
      • UCLA Library’s Digital Collections
      • LC Flickr Photostreams
      • Internet Movie Database
      • Lyrics Search Engine
      • Short Story Index
      • LION (Literature Online)
    • 29.  
    • 30. Examples: Secondary Source Databases
      • Mid-Term Project
        • Academic Search Complete
        • Business Source Complete
      • Final Project
        • MLA Bibliography
        • Literature Resource Center
        • International Index to Performing Arts
        • Web of Knowledge
        • LION
    • 31. PsycINFO
      • Topics : Psychology & Related Fields
      • Items : Journal articles, book chapters, dissertations, conference proceedings
      • Time : 1806-present
    • 32. Try it!
    • 33. Let’s help…
    • 34.  
    • 35.  
    • 36.
      • Don’t Pay for Articles!!!
    • 37. Abstracts & Annotations
      • What’s an abstract?
      • What’s an annotation?
    • 38. Internet Public Library
    • 39. Questions?
    • 40. Citation Style Help
      • APA Publication Manual (print--2001)
      • KnightCite (APA 5 th ed.)
      • SourceAid (APA 5 th ed.)
    • 41. Review: Save Time & Effort!
      • Your Assignments
      • 7 Research Steps
      • Topic Narrowing/Broadening
      • Identifying, Locating & Evaluating Articles
      • Annotating & Citing References
      • Think Critically!
      • and…
    • 42. Ask Us!
    • 43. What will you do differently?
    • 44. What will you do differently?
    • 45. Research Your Own Topics…