Virtual mobility concept, types and success factors

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  • Arba Virtualaus mobilumo įgyvendinimas aukštajame moksleVM aukštajame moksle: edukologinės dimensijosDisertacija anglų kalba
  • 1-2 complement or alternative, 3 - complement
  • subject has to be interesting to be seen from different countries perspectives
  • subject has to be interesting to be seen from different countries perspectives
  • What kind of assignment would foster intercultural collaboration?

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  • 1. Virtual Mobility in Higher EducationEstela Daukšienė
  • 2. Vytauto Didžiojo universitetasVirtual mobility inHigher Education2013 - 06 - 18Estela Daukšienė, doctoral student,Vytautas Magnus University
  • 3. Virtual Mobility in Higher EducationEstela DaukšienėTopics to talk about• Virtual mobility concept and itscharacteristics.• Virtual mobility types and activities.• Scenarios of virtual mobility courses.• Impact and benefits of virtual learning andvirtual mobility.• VM success factors
  • 4. Virtual Mobility in Higher EducationEstela DaukšienėVirtual mobility definitionVM is• “the collaborative communication between a facultymember and his/her counterpart(s) mediated by acomputer.” (S. Van de Bunt-Kokhuis’s, 1996)• “the use of information and communicationtechnologies (ICT) to obtain the same benefits asone would have with physical mobility but withoutthe need to travel ” (Elearningeurope.info, 2009)
  • 5. Virtual Mobility in Higher EducationEstela DaukšienėVirtual mobility definition• “possibility to attend classes, seminars and otherevents held in a place located anywhere in theworld;• the possibility to access reference materials andcontents at a distance, by using ICT-basedsolutions;• the possibility to communicate with other peoplelocated anywhere““Virtual Erasmus student”(Spot+ project team, 2001)
  • 6. Virtual Mobility in Higher EducationEstela DaukšienėVirtual mobility definition“Virtual Mobility is a form of learning which• consists of virtual components through an ICTsupported learning environment that includes• cross-border collaboration with people fromdifferent backgrounds and cultures working andstudying together,• having, as its main purpose, the enhancement ofintercultural understanding and the exchangeof knowledge”Home & Away. Coaching exchange students from a distance. Abest-practice manual on blended mobility. Eds. Op de Beeck,Bijnens, and Van Petegem, 2008
  • 7. Virtual Mobility in Higher EducationEstela DaukšienėVirtual mobility concept• As a complement to traditional mobility(blended mobility)or• As an alternative for traditional mobility(fully virtual mobility)
  • 8. Virtual Mobility in Higher EducationEstela DaukšienėVirtual mobility definition (1)VM – is an activity or form of learning, research,cooperation and collaboration, based on thefollowing characteristics:• cooperation of higher education institutions;• virtual components through an ICT supported learningenvironment;• collaboration of people from different backgrounds andcultures working and studying together, creating avirtual community;• having a clear goal and clearly defined learningoutcomes;• …
  • 9. Virtual Mobility in Higher EducationEstela DaukšienėVirtual mobility definition (2)VM – is an activity or form of learning, research,cooperation and collaboration, based on thefollowing characteristics:• …• having, as its main purpose, the exchange ofknowledge and improvement of interculturalcompetence• as a result of which the participants may obtain ECTScredits and/or its academic recognition will be assumedby the home university;• providing visibility of university in higher educationarea, capitalization of educational process• leading to the integration of ICT into theirmainstreaming in academic and business processes
  • 10. Virtual Mobility in Higher EducationEstela DaukšienėVirtual mobility concept change in EU• 1995-2004• Joint virtual seminars – part of the course• 3 Humanities and spot+ project• cooperation of traditional universities fortele-conferencing (sometimes audio)connections• Stress on virtual delivery• Expensive technological solutions• Research on ICT use in universities• Design of university cooperation modelsVirtualus mokymasis. Virtualus mobilumas – virtualaus mokymosi išraiška.Estela Daukšienė
  • 11. Virtual Mobility in Higher EducationEstela DaukšienėVirtual mobility concept change in EU2005-2009• Virtual universities won’t dominate asexpected• Virtual mobility to support physical mobility• Lots of research and guidelines how to boostphysical mobility with virtual activities• virtual campus=virtual mobilityVirtualus mokymasis. Virtualus mobilumas – virtualaus mokymosi išraiška.Estela Daukšienė
  • 12. Virtual Mobility in Higher EducationEstela DaukšienėVirtual mobility concept change in EU2009-2011• Concept revision (10vm elements - Movinter)• Joint module delivery in Teacamp• EC definition – “a set of ICT supportedactivities, organized at institutional level,that realize or facilitate international,collaborative experiences in a context ofteaching and/or learning“(European Commission, Erasmus for all establishing proposal,2011, p. 15)Virtualus mokymasis. Virtualus mobilumas – virtualaus mokymosi išraiška.Estela Daukšienė
  • 13. Virtual Mobility in Higher EducationEstela DaukšienėDondi, C., & Salandin, T. (2010). The Movinter White Paper, p.15
  • 14. Virtual Mobility in Higher EducationEstela DaukšienėVirtual mobility concept change in EU• 2013 - ?• OER more popular• MOOCS in Europe• VM-Colab, UBIcamp, IP Programme - Virtualmobility and learning …
  • 15. Virtual Mobility in Higher EducationEstela DaukšienėTypes of virtual mobility activities1. Virtual seminar (series) or part of the virtualcourse or virtual course/module or Virtual studyprogramme2. Virtual placement3. Virtual support activities for physical mobility(before, during or after traditional mobility – i.e. infoabout studies in another country, language orculture preparation/intro courses, virtual buddy, e-couching, feedback, virtual assessment or exams,and other)
  • 16. Virtual Mobility in Higher EducationEstela Daukšienė2 perspectives• Student virtual mobility• Teacher virtual mobility
  • 17. Virtual Mobility in Higher EducationEstela DaukšienėGroup task one:“in VM subject has to be interesting to beseen from different countries perspectives”• What topic would be useful to be comparedinternationally in your group subject areas?
  • 18. Virtual Mobility in Higher EducationEstela DaukšienėVirtual mobility courses – different scenarios• Virtual stay abroad orremote access model– A course in anotherinstitution Univ. Ateacher(students)Univ. BstudentsUniv. CstudentsUniv. DstudentsUniv. Estudents
  • 19. Virtual Mobility in Higher EducationEstela DaukšienėVirtual mobility courses – different scenarios• Virtual campusmodel– For joint access toresources– Joint development ofresources– Joint activitiesVirtualcampusStudentsuniv. AStudentsuniv.BStudentsuniv. CStudentsuniv. DStudentsuniv.E
  • 20. Virtual Mobility in Higher EducationEstela DaukšienėVirtual mobility courses – different scenarios• Joint curriculadesign:– Joint design– Course adaptation– Joint design anddelivery:• Divided into parts(Teacamp)• Aimed at differentapproaches sharing(Global socialprogrammes)Teachersuniv. A, B,C, D, E, FStudentsuniv. AStudentsuniv. BStudentsuniv. CStudentsuniv. DStudentsuniv. EStudentsuniv. F
  • 21. Virtual Mobility in Higher EducationEstela DaukšienėGroup task two:• Why would my class need virtual mobility?
  • 22. Virtual Mobility in Higher EducationEstela DaukšienėVM benefits for institutions• enhances the quality of courses and curricula• contributes to the internationalization andmodernization of HE: Open, international,recognizable; attracts foreign students• enhance sound competition between institutions• Multi-institutional collaboration between institutions• fosters the use of e-learning and the developmentof virtual universities in Europe
  • 23. Virtual Mobility in Higher EducationEstela DaukšienėMain benefits of vm forstudents and teachers• Different forms of learning and methods of delivery• Experience and improvement of virtual mobilitycompetences– Linguistical/language– Cultural/intercultural– ICT– Educational/LO related– Personal and social• More career opportunities...
  • 24. Virtual Mobility in Higher EducationEstela DaukšienėKey success factors for virtual mobility(from vm experts) (1)• It has to come from a need• Transparent integration of technology - should notbe technical barriers• Natural partnership, Enthusiasm and effective teamwork• Engagement of 3 levels:– top management,– faculty-teacher, and– Students
  • 25. Virtual Mobility in Higher EducationEstela DaukšienėKey success factors for vm (from vm experts) (2)• Try to do this in a blended way - necessity ofsynchronous meetings• Everything has to be pre-planned• Initial teacher training and support• Benevolent attitude and encouragement of theteacher• Different cultures + different perspectives = widerapproach
  • 26. Vytauto Didžiojo universitetasWe don’t need to make itvirtual, we can only make useof itThank you