A Journey to the Ancient Greek Myths

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A Journey to the Ancient Greek Myths
An Enhanced Educational Framework to Story-Telling
with Geo-Visualization Capabilities

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A Journey to the Ancient Greek Myths

  1. 1. A Journey to the Ancient Greek Myths An Enhanced Educational Framework to Story-Telling with Geo-Visualization Capabilities Emmanuel Stefanakis Department of Geography Harokopio University of Athens [email_address] First International Workshop on Story-Telling and Educational Games (STEG'08) The power of narration and imagination in technology enhanced learning. (September 16, 2008, Maastricht, The Netherlands)
  2. 2. The Scope <ul><li>A prototype educational framework for… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>modeling, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>analyzing, and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>visualizing </li></ul></ul><ul><li>… the Ancient Greek Mythology </li></ul><ul><li>Visualize the Myth events in the geographical space and time </li></ul>
  3. 3. Special Issues… <ul><li>The Myths … </li></ul><ul><ul><li>involve… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>many heroes, characters and gods and </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>consist of… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>numerous parallel events </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Special Issues… <ul><li>The events… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>occur in the geographical space and, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>although the absolute time is missing , </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>they are related to each other … </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>by temporal (topological) relations , </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>inside a single myth or across myths. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Data/Info Sources… <ul><li>Ancient Myths … </li></ul><ul><ul><li>as they appear in the official school book (Greek Ministry of Education) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>follow the same organization/ structure </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Motivation… <ul><li>Pupils … </li></ul><ul><ul><li>cannot easily perceive the geographical space </li></ul></ul><ul><li>School books … </li></ul><ul><ul><li>are missing maps and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>other geovisualization content </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Motivation… <ul><li>The prototype … </li></ul><ul><ul><li>aspires to help … </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>school pupils </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>general users </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>… in getting a clear geo-spatial perception of the mythology events </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Motivation… <ul><li>The prototype </li></ul><ul><ul><li>can be easily customized to present </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>other historical or religious content </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>taught in the primary or secondary education </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Obviously, special attention </li></ul><ul><ul><li>to be given in the educational aspects </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>close interaction with experts </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Motivation… <ul><li>The main concerns are … </li></ul><ul><ul><li>making the presentation of the myths </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>attractive and pleasant to the pupils </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>helping them recognize the geographical space, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>focusing on the physical geography and </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>encouraging them interrelate the past with the present infrastructures </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>compiling </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>attractive and educational quizzes and </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>game scenarios </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>to help pupils understand the myths and recognize their interactions and relations in space and time </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  10. 10. The tools… <ul><li>The prototype… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>has been developped using merely </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>free and open source s/w and tools </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Web Client Interface … </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>PostgreSQL/PostGIS </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>XML tools (XSD, XSL, CSS, etc.) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Google Maps </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Google Maps API / Javascripts </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>the full Google Maps can be embedded on an external Web site (mashups) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  11. 11. The Data Repository… <ul><li>PostgreSQL/PostGIS… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mythology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Myths </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Myth Sections </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Events </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>PostgreSQL/PostGIS Database School book geographic + temporal
  12. 12. The UML Diagram (part of)
  13. 13. Towards the Geo-Visualization… <ul><li>Overall Architecture/Workflow… </li></ul>PostgreSQL/PostGIS Database School book XML Doc XML Doc GoogleMaps API XSL Web Client Application HTML + Javascripts geographic + temporal event description (thematic)
  14. 14. Towards the Geo-Visualization… <ul><li>XML docs… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Description of events and images </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Towards the Geo-Visualization… <ul><li>XML docs… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Placemarks and trip (sequence of events) </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Example: The birth of Hercules… DEMO
  17. 17. Open Issues (technical)… <ul><li>Google Maps API is relatively slow … </li></ul><ul><li>Optimization of the javascript code… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>to minimize the access to the Web Server and the Google Server </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Alternative Web Client Application… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>based on OpenLayers Javascript Library </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Heraklion SDI <ul><li>The Web Client Application … </li></ul>
  19. 19. Open Issues (educational)… <ul><li>Why Google Maps ? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>because they are available and easy to use for free ! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>But… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>We see the earth as it is today </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>This is not a problem for small scales </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>It is a problem for large scales though ! </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>On the way to Mycenae Hercules passed near my place  </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Must incorporate as an optional background a digital map of the greek mythology </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. Open Issues (educational)… <ul><li>Enrich the content … </li></ul><ul><ul><li>with multimedia items , such as sound and videos </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>overlay of diagrams, 2-d and 3-D maquettes and plans of the archaeological places on top of Google Maps </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>development of quizzes and game scenarios for pupils to both test and assist their understanding/ knowledge; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>translation of the content in other languages (e.g., English, German, Spanish, etc.). </li></ul></ul>DEMO
  21. 24. A Journey to the Ancient Greek Myths An Enhanced Educational Framework to Story-Telling with Geo-Visualization Capabilities Emmanuel Stefanakis Department of Geography Harokopio University of Athens [email_address] First International Workshop on Story-Telling and Educational Games (STEG'08) The power of narration and imagination in technology enhanced learning. (September 16, 2008, Maastricht, The Netherlands) Thank you !

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