Unit 16
Major Climates of the Earth
Objectives
State the 3 major types of climate on Earth
Describe the distribution and c...
Major climates of the world
Tropical Climate
• Found between 23.5◦N and 23.5◦S of the
Equator.
• Little fluctuations of temperature with a small
diurn...
• Some examples are Brazil, India, Singapore,
Indonesia and Uganda.
Compare the climograph of India and
Singapore.
Temperate Climate
• Found between 30◦ to 50◦ north and south of
the Equator.
• Four seasons (spring, summer, autumn and
wi...
• Some examples of temperate climate are
Australia, New Zealand, Korea, France and USA.
Describe the differences between the
2 climographs.
Polar Climate
• Found in areas of high latitudes, from the Arctic
Circle (66.5◦N) to the North Pole, and from
Antarctic Ci...
• Some examples of polar climate are northern
Russia, Iceland, Antarctica and northern
Canada.
Unit 16 climograph
Unit 16 climograph
Unit 16 climograph
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Unit 16 climograph

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Unit 16 climograph

  1. 1. Unit 16 Major Climates of the Earth Objectives State the 3 major types of climate on Earth Describe the distribution and characteristics of the major climatic types in the world.
  2. 2. Major climates of the world
  3. 3. Tropical Climate • Found between 23.5◦N and 23.5◦S of the Equator. • Little fluctuations of temperature with a small diurnal temperature range. • Max Daytime of 32◦C. • Min temperature at night falls no lower than 20◦C. • Annual rainfall is above 2000mm.
  4. 4. • Some examples are Brazil, India, Singapore, Indonesia and Uganda.
  5. 5. Compare the climograph of India and Singapore.
  6. 6. Temperate Climate • Found between 30◦ to 50◦ north and south of the Equator. • Four seasons (spring, summer, autumn and winter) • Large temperature range. • Summer can be as high as 34◦C and winter can be below 0◦C. • Precipitation can be in the form of rainfall or snow and ranges from 500 mm to 1200 mm.
  7. 7. • Some examples of temperate climate are Australia, New Zealand, Korea, France and USA.
  8. 8. Describe the differences between the 2 climographs.
  9. 9. Polar Climate • Found in areas of high latitudes, from the Arctic Circle (66.5◦N) to the North Pole, and from Antarctic Circle (66.5◦S) to the South Pole. • Large temperature range of over 40◦C. • Mean monthly temperatures are below 10◦C all year round. • Summers are short and winters are long and very cold. • Annual precipitation of between 250mm to 400mm, mainly in the form of snow.
  10. 10. • Some examples of polar climate are northern Russia, Iceland, Antarctica and northern Canada.

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