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Topic 4

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  • 1. TOPIC 4. CLIMATE TYPES AND ZONES TEXT PG 91 - 97
  • 2. Essential Questions Definitions Learning outcomes A. How do people classify places with different climates? B. What are some of the different climatic zones and their characteristics? - The world is divided into different climatic zones based in average temperat ure and rainfall. C. Describe and explain the distribution and characteristics of equatorial, monsoon and cool temperate climates D. Describe and explain the weather and climate of S’pore with reference to rainfall, RH and temperature.
  • 3. 4A. How do people classify places with different climates? 4B. What are some of the different climatic zones and their characteristics?
  • 4. What are these 3 types of climates?
  • 5. 4C. Describe and explain the distribution and characteristics of equatorial, monsoon and cool temperate climates [3] Location, Temperature, Rainfall, Season Little Timothy Really Small
  • 6. Equatorial Monsoon Cool temperate (Marine west coast) Location - 10 North and South of Equator Eg Singapore, Malaysia - 5 and 25 North and South of equator - Eg Chittagong in Bangladesh and Mumbai in India - 45 and 60 North and south of equator - Eg Paris, Canada Temperature - High temperature eg 27 C - Small annual temperature range - High mean annual temperatures (30 C in May, 25 C in July) - High annual temperature range (6 C) - Large annual temperature range of 25 C (-3 C to 22 C) Rainfall - High rainfall - More than 2,000mm annually - Big fluctuation - 750mm in Oct, 2000mm in June - Even distribution of rain - Lower amount of 300-900mm Season - No distinct wet or dry season - Distinct wet and dry seasons (due to monsoon winds) - 4 distinct seasons - spring, summer, autumn, winter
  • 7. Climographs - Temperature - Rainfall
  • 8. 4D. Describe and explain the weather and climate of S’pore with reference to Rainfall, Relative Humidity and temperature. [3]
  • 9. Singapore’s Weather And Climate Rainfall  High precipitation  2200 mm annually  Northeast monsoon(Oct to Feb = 1125mm)  Southwest monsoon (June to Sep = 600mm) Relative Humidity  High RH  Mean annual RH at 84.2%  Because of location near the sea, results in high ratio of water vapour in the air Temperature  Uniformly high temperature throughout the year  Because equator has higher concentration of sun rays  High mean annual temperature of 27.5 C
  • 10. Homework 4 1. Describe and explain the distribution and characteristics of equatorial monsoon and cool temperate climates. [3] 2. Describe and explain the weather and climate of S’pore with reference to rainfall, RH and temperature. [3]