Watch the video and answer the question 1. How serious is Ozone depletion? 2. What causes Ozone depletion?
http:// www.youtube.com/watch?v =YRh3yH7Hnew
Text pg 172
Destruction of Ozone (oxygen atoms) in the stratosphere (layer in atmosphere) caused mainly by release of CFCs Ozone Depletion Definition Important!
Troposphere Stratosphere Ozone Layer Refer to text pg 166
Act as a shield , Protection from harmful Ultraviolet rays from the sun
Characteristics of Ozone layer
contains ozone gas
able to REPLACE ITSELF as Ozone gas is continually created in atmosphere (Same as how Oxygen replaces itself)
However CFC destroys the Ozone gas faster than its replacement
WHOS THE CULPRIT?
Look at Text page 167
Write down the 4 CAUSES of Ozone depletion on your worksheet now.
Extent – How serious is the problem? 1.Arctic (North pole) – Thinning of the ozone layer + small hole 2.Antarctica (South pole) – Bigger and deeper hole in the ozone layer Which is more serious?
Consequences of Ozone depletion Human Health Skin cancer, cataracts, Weakens immune system Marine Food Chain UV kills plankton (marine food) Affects food chain Global Climate Increase global warming due to Increase UV (less plankton = > CO2) Damage materials UV radiation deteriorate materials eg Plastics, PVC Affect Plant Growth & Reduce Crop production (UV stump growth) Important text pg 169
(1) International level
Montreal protocol signed in 1987
Comprise of 189 countries now
To reduce CFC substances
(2) National level
Singapore banned use of CFC products in 1991D
Countries can control the import and manufacture of CFC products
(3) Individual level
You and me
Can use CFC free products
Educate and encourage others too
Less effective More effective Which is more effective? Why? What is the purpose of it? Kyoto Protocol Montreal Protocol Reduce emission of greenhouse gas (Global Warming) Limit the production and use of CFCs (Ozone depletion) Limiting GHG = controlling burning of fossil fuel (affects industrialization and economic productivity). Limiting CFC products will not affect economy growth