1. global tourism  introduction
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1. global tourism  introduction 1. global tourism introduction Presentation Transcript

  • Global Tourism Introduction
  • By the end of this lesson You should be able to: 1. Describe and give authentic examples of different types of tourism 2. Explain why tourist activities are unique at different places
  • Tourism Definitions • Tourism refers to the temporary movement of people primarily for leisure and recreational purposes • It is characterised by the interaction(s) between tourists and tourism destinations
  • Tourism Definitions • A tourist is defined as a person who travels and stays away from his/her normal place of residence for more than 24 hours but less than a year, regardless of travel purpose
  • Tourism Types • Tourism is place-specific, tourists travel to a specific physical location • Different spaces/environments (both physical and human) in tourism destinations create diverse tourism activities • There are therefore the presence of different tourism types
  • Honeypot Tourism • Tourism honeypots refers to particularly popular visitor attractions which attract tourists in large numbers
  • Honeypot Tourism Eiffel Tower, Paris, France Taj Mahal, Agra, India
  • Honeypot Tourism Giant’s Causeway, N. Ireland Ipanema Beach, Rio De Janeiro, Brazil
  • MICE • Refers to travel for commercial purposes Vienna Convention Centre, Austria business Marina Bay Sands, Singapore or
  • MICE • Requisite: Destinations which provide good amenities for meetings, incentives, conferences and exhibitions Melbourne Convention Hall, Australia Yeosu Expo, S. Korea
  • MICE Source: Singapore Tourism Board
  • Medical/ Health Tourism • Refers to travel for medical care by bypassing services offered in their own communities Plastic Surgery in Seoul, S. Korea Beppu Hot Springs, Japan
  • Medical/ Health Tourism • Requisites: Places with good medical facilities or health facilities such as spas and hot springs • Rise in medical tourism, especially in cosmetic procedures (S. Korea estimates 300 thousand medical tourists by 2015)
  • Film-induced Tourism • Tourism to destinations featured on television, video, or cinema screen • Requisites: Physical or human landscape which appears on television, video, or cinema screen (More prominent in popular/cult movies)
  • Film-induced Tourism
  • Film-induced Tourism Alnwick Castle, UK Hogwarts in Harry Potter Movies
  • Film-induced Tourism Christ Church College, Oxford, UK Dining Hall of Hogwarts
  • Film-induced Tourism Mt Ngauruhoe, Tongariro, New Zealand Mount Doom, Mordor of LOTR http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mzYGlLonPRk
  • Film-induced Tourism Phi Phi Islands, Thailand Leonardo Di Caprio’s The Beach
  • Heritage Tourism Travelling to experience the authentic culture and history offered by a particular place and/or activity The Ghats in Varanasi, India
  • Heritage Tourism • Requisite: Places with rich history and/or authentic culture Kayan Culture, Burma
  • Religious Tourism • Travelling for religious purposes (e.g. pilgrimage, missions, religious gatherings) • Requisite: Places with religious/holy sites The Kaaba, Mecca, Saudi Arabia Church of the Nativity, Bethlehem, Israel
  • Dark Tourism Refers to travelling to sites, attractions and exhibitions which have real or recreated death, suffering or the seemingly macabre as a main theme Gates and Haunting Images of the Dachau Nazi Concentration Camp, Munich , Germany
  • Dark Tourism Requisite: Places with history of conflicts or history of mass deaths/ places which uses death as a theme of attraction Catacombs of the Capuchins, Palermo, Italy- Over 8000 bodies hung on the walls like paintings!
  • Requisites for Tourism Types • Each tourism destination is unique in the types of tourism they offer • Certain requisites (may be physical or human in nature) must be present for a destination to be labeled as a particular type • E.g. Disneyland cannot be a type of medical tourism/ dark tourism
  • New Types of Tourism • There are new types of tourism which are constantly evolving or becoming more popular • E.g. Adventure tourism Bungee Jumping, Queenstown, New Zealand
  • Learning Points • Tourism is place-specific • Different environments (both physical and human) in tourism destinations create diverse opportunities for tourist activities • Presence of requisites for each type of tourism