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  1. 1. ................................................................................................................................. 4 COBIT ................................................................................................................... 10 ..................................................................................................... 39 1. .......................................................... 39 2. ............................................................... 44 3. ............................................... 48 4. , ................ 53 5. ...................................................................................... 58 6. ............................................. 62 7. ................................................................................................ 66 8. .................................................................................................. 70 9. ................................................................................ 74 10. ................................................................................................ 79 ......................................................................................................... 84AI 1. ................................................................................ 84AI 2. ............................................... 88AI 3. ............................ 92AI4. ............................................................................... 96AI 5. ................................................................................................. 100AI 6. .............................................................................. 104AI 7. .............................................................. 108 ............................................................................................... 113DS 1. .................................................. 113DS 2. .......................................................... 118DS 3. .................................................... 122DS 4. ................................................................. 127DS 5. ............................................................................. 132DS 6. ......................................................................... 137DS 7. ....................................................................... 141DS 8. ................................. 145DS 9. ........................................................................................ 150DS 10. ........................................................................................... 154DS 11. ................................................................................................ 158DS 12. ...................................................................................................................................... 162DS 13. ................................................... 166
  2. 2. ............................................................................................................... 170 1. ................................................................. 170ME 2. ............................................. 174ME 3. ................................................... 178ME 4. .......................................................... 182 1............................................................................................................................ 187 2............................................................................................................................ 189
  3. 3. , . , , . , ( ). , , . , . ( — ) , , , . , , . , . , (COSO) — », . , , . , , , . , , , . » (COBIT) ( ) . COBIT . , . , , . .COBIT , : . . , . . COBIT , , . COBIT , 34 ( ),
  4. 4. , , , . , , , , . , , , , . , , ? , ? , ? , , , , : . . , , , . , ? , , , . 1 , , — , — . 1. , COBIT: , , (Capability MaturityModel, ),(Software Engineering Institute). , , , .
  5. 5. , COBIT. , COBIT . , . , . , COBIT ( . 2), , : . . . . . COBIT ( ), ( ). , , . , . 2. ; , ; . ,, , . , , , , , . . , , , . , , , . , , , , , , .
  6. 6. , , . . COBIT , , . COBIT , . , . , COBIT, ; , , . COBIT , . COBIT , . COBIT , , , , . COSO ( ) . COBIT, , . COBIT ( . 3) : . . , , . , COBIT : , (Board Briefing on ITGovernance, 2nd Edition). , , . . , , . . , . . . : COBIT and VallT , (IT Governance Implementation Guide: Using COBIT andVallTTM, 2ndEdition). , COBIT Val ITTM. : , (COBIT Control Practices: Guidance toAchieve Control Objectives for Successful IT Governance, 2nd Edition). , . : COBIT (ITAssurance Guide: Using COBIT). , COBIT .
  7. 7. 3. COBIT . ( Sarbanes-Oxley, . IT Control Objectives forSarbanes-Oxley, 2nd Edition), (COBIT . COBIT Security Baseline : . Information SecurityGovernance: Guidance for Boards of Directors and Executive Management), ( COBIT , . COBITQuickstart for small and medium-sized enterprises or for large enterprises wishing to ramp up to amore extensive IT governance implementation). COBIT, 3, , , . , , . COBIT , , , 4.
  8. 8. 4. COBIT COBIT , , . COBIT . COBIT . COBIT , , . COBIT , , . COBIT : , . . , . . , . COSO . COBIT COBIT, 34 . COBIT. COBIT , , , ,www.isaca.org/cobit.
  9. 9. COBIT COBIT: , , , , , , . , , , , . , . , . , , : . . . . , , : . , . . . , . , . . : . . . . . , , . : . . ., (US Sarbanes-Oxley Act)
  10. 10. Basel II) , . , . , , . , , . , , ( ) . ,COBIT, « » (ITIL), ISO 27000 , ISO 9001:2000, « »(Capability Maturity Model® Integration, CMMI), « 2»(PRINCE2) « »( ). , . : , : , . , . , . , : , . , . , . , : , , , . , . , . , : , . , , , . , . , . ( , COSO) , .
  11. 11. COBIT , COBIT , , . — COBIT. , , ) . COBIT 5): , , , - , . COBIT . 5. COBIT COBIT , , COBIT . , , , : , , ,. ) . . , . , ( ). . , , , , . .
  12. 12. , , . , . , . , , ( ) , , ( ). 6 , , ( ). , , , ( ), , 1 . , , , . , . , . , , . 6, , , , (ROI) .1 , , , .
  13. 13. 6. , , , . , , , 6. , ,, (ERP)) ( , ), ( , ). COBIT : — . — , , . — ( , , , , , , , ), . — , , , ,, , , . , . 7 , , .
  14. 14. 7. COBIT , ( ). « », « », « » »., , , . COBIT , . , , . COBIT , . , . , , . , ( ), , , . COBIT , 8, : ( ) — (AI) (DS). (AI) — . (DS) — . (ME) — , .
  15. 15. 8. COBIT ( ) , . , ., . : ? ? , ? ? ? (AI) , , , . , ( ) , , . : , ? ? ? ? (DS) , , , , . : ? ? ? , ? (ME) . , , . :
  16. 16. , , ? , ? ? , ? COBIT 34 . 22). , , , , 34 , COBIT. COBIT , , , , . 34 , . , , , , . , COBIT 34 , . , , , , , , . . : . , , . , , , . , : , . , . ( , ,. .). . , 9. : ( ) ( ), ( ) ( ) ( ) .
  17. 17. 9. . COBIT , , . . , . COBIT , , . COBIT . . ( ,AI, DS ME), . , COBIT , PC (Process control). , . 1. , , , ,(SMARRT) . , . 2. , . , , , , , . . , . , , . , , . 4. . , .
  18. 18. 5. , , , , , , , , , , . , , , . , , , , .6. , . , , . , . . , . , , . , COBIT , ( ) : . , (RACI). , , , . ( , ). . , , , . COBIT , . , , « » (ALL) , . , , , , , . . COBIT (RACI) . « » — « », , . « » , ,. (« » « ») , .: , , . . .
  19. 19. . , . . , , . , ( ) . , . , , , ( , , , ). , . . , ( ) . . : ( ). , , , . : .COBIT « » , COBIT, 10. , . : : . . : . . , COBIT ; .
  20. 20. 10. , . AC (Application control).AC1. , , , . . , . 2. , . ( ) . , . . , , . , . 4. . . 5. , ,, , ; ; . 6. ( ),
  21. 21. , . . , , . , :« ?» . ( ) ? , , , , , , , . COBIT : . , , , . . , . , . , , : , ? ? , , ? , ? . , , .COBIT, . : 1. , ; 2. ; 3. . : « » (0) « » (5). , (Software Engineering Institute, SEI) . SEI , COBIT . , « ». COBIT , SEI.
  22. 22. . 34 . , , , . — . , . , . COBIT ( SEI) . COBIT , , 11. 11. . , 3 , , : (4 ) (5 ). , COBIT , , . . , , , , , . 34 , : .( ). .( ). . ( ). « » «». ( 12). 12.
  23. 23. 0 1 2 , 3 4 5 0 1 2 3 4 5 13. . .0 , . . , .1 , , . . , . , , , .2 , . , . . , .3 , , . . . , ,4 . . . . , .5 , , . 13. COBIT .
  24. 24. . , , . , , , , . , . , , , , , . 0 5, , . , « » « ». , , . , , ( , ). , , , . , , . COBIT. I , . , , 06 » 2 « ». , — ,14. 14. , , , . , . ,
  25. 25. . , , , . , , , , . . , , . , , , , , . , , . , . ( .13), : . , . . . . . 15 , « » » . , . , , , . : , . , . , . . , . , , . COBIT , . — , . , , , . , , . , , . , , ,
  26. 26. . — . , , , , . , . COBIT , , ., , , . I , . , ( , ) . , , ( ). ( ) COBIT : , , . , , . ( ), , .
  27. 27. ,1. , , . . . . , , . . . , - . - . . .2. - - , - . , , - , , - - , . . - . . - . - . - , , , - - , , , . - - . , - - - . . .3. . . - , - , , . . ; - . - . - . ,
  28. 28. - . - - ) , , , - . - . . . - , - - .4. . ; , . . , , . . , . . . . . ( , , . ), . . . . ; . .5. . . . ,
  29. 29. , . , ., . . , , . , . . . . . , . , . . . 15.

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