Tef research 4 development

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International Food Policy Research Institute/ Ethiopia Strategy Support Program (IFPRI/ ESSP)and Ethiopian Development Research Institute (EDRI) Coordinated a conference with Agriculutral Transformation Agency (ATA) and Ministry of Agriculutrue (MoA) on Teff Value Chain at Hilton Hotel Addis Ababa on October 10, 2013.

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Tef research 4 development

  1. 1. KbebebewAssefa (EIAR) Berga Lemaga (ATA) Tareke Berhe (ATA) TEF RESEARCH 4 DEVELOPMENT
  2. 2. WHAT DO WE WANT TO BREED FOR?  High Grain & StrawYield  Quality Grain and Straw  Climate Friendly/Resilient Grain and StrawYield Resistance 2 Biotic Factors Resistance toAbiotic Factors  Erect, Non-lodging Plants Conventional Breeding Non-conventional Breeding 1. Mutation Breeding 2. Intra-species Breeding 3. Biotechnology
  3. 3. WHERE DO WE START?  Very HighVariability inTef Germplasm  KnowledgeThatTef Is A C-4 Plant  Already Established Cross-breeding Technique  Already Established GoodVarieties  Signs that Mutation Breeding Can Contribute  Successful Breeding Results In Other Cereals  Wheat  Rice  Etc
  4. 4. IN THE NATIONAL TEF STRATEGY  BREEDING CHALLENGES  Insufficient priority is given to tef research, resulting in limited institutional and resource capacity  Limited basic research on tef exists to serve as a basis for further exploration  Limited basic research on tef exists to serve as a basis for further exploration  Genetic resource collection and management is insufficient  Tef varieties released so far do not adequately address lodging, biotic/abiotic stress, shattering, food products, etc.  Limited applied research in many areas such as socioeconomics, soil, physiology, food chemistry, crop protection and mechanization  PROPOSED INTERVENTIONS  Enhance institutional system and capacity in financial, human and material capital  Strengthen basic research (physiology, genetics, cytogenetics and genomics) on tef  Strengthen basic research (physiology, genetics, cytogenetics and genomics) on tef  Develop comprehensive genetic resources collection and characterization  Strengthen and accelerate varietal development through breeding /Biotechnology  Enhance applied research in areas such as socioeconomics, soil, physiology, food chemistry, crop protection and mechanization  Strengthen research related to other value chain steps
  5. 5. LARGE/LONG PANICLES
  6. 6. THE BIGGEST PROBLEM: Lodging
  7. 7. HOPEFUL SIGNS DUE TO IMPROVED AGRONOMIC PRACTICES
  8. 8. OTHER CEREALS STAND ERECT
  9. 9. HOW TO MAKE THE TEF PLANT CARRY MORE GRAINS?
  10. 10. PROPSED TEF IDEOTYPES Short Peduncle Short Internodes
  11. 11. SHORT & SEMI-COMPACT PANICLES
  12. 12. Crop Harvest Index Tef’s Harvest Index is Quite Low  Unstressed harvest index values  Beans (Dry) 0.45 - 0.55  Lentils 0.45 - 0.55  Maize 0.40 - 0.55  Peas (Dry) 0.45 - 0.55  Oats 0.40 - 0.55  Sorghum 0.40 - 0.55  Soybean 0.25 - 0.35  Sunflower 0.30 - 0.35  Wheat 0.40 - 0.55  Seyfu Ketema (1993); 2225 Accessions = o.17  NarrowingThe Rift = 0.24  Seyfu Ketema (1997), IPGRI = 0.17  Range 0.07-0.38 Tarke et al ( 2013 ) = 0.26 Refissa (2012 ) = 0.28 Teklay (2012) = 0.28 Brhane ( 2012) = 0. 23
  13. 13. Source: ACTIONS NEEDED TO CREATE AN ERECT TEF PLANT?
  14. 14. RECOMMENDATIONS CREATE CENTER OF EXCELLENCE FORTEF-DZ? HAVE MANY SCIENTISTS (DIFFERENT DESCIPLINES) WORKING 24/7 PROVIDEADEQUATE INFRASTRUCTURE- LAND, GREENHOUSES, LABORATORIES, EQUIPMENT, ETC. ALLOCATE PLENTY MONEY
  15. 15. A STRONG BREEDING PROGRAM WILL PROVIDE THE BEST TEF FOR ETHIOPIA & THE WORLD
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