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The Impact of Ethiopia’s Productive Safety Nets Programme: 2006-2012
 

The Impact of Ethiopia’s Productive Safety Nets Programme: 2006-2012

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International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) and Ethiopian Development Research Institute (EDRI). Conference on "Towards what works in Rural Development in Ethiopia: Evidence on the Impact of ...

International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) and Ethiopian Development Research Institute (EDRI). Conference on "Towards what works in Rural Development in Ethiopia: Evidence on the Impact of Investments and Policies". December 13, 2013. Hilton Hotel, Addis Ababa.

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  • Governments of the United Kingdom, Canada, Ireland, the Netherlands, Sweden, and the United States, as well as by the European Union and the World Bank and the World Food Program (Denmark has joined in the latest phase)– via a trust fund managed by the WB
  • Governments of the United Kingdom, Canada, Ireland, the Netherlands, Sweden, and the United States, as well as by the European Union and the World Bank and the World Food Program (Denmark has joined in the latest phase)– via a trust fund managed by the WB
  • Governments of the United Kingdom, Canada, Ireland, the Netherlands, Sweden, and the United States, as well as by the European Union and the World Bank and the World Food Program (Denmark has joined in the latest phase)– via a trust fund managed by the WB
  • Governments of the United Kingdom, Canada, Ireland, the Netherlands, Sweden, and the United States, as well as by the European Union and the World Bank and the World Food Program (Denmark has joined in the latest phase)– via a trust fund managed by the WB

The Impact of Ethiopia’s Productive Safety Nets Programme: 2006-2012 The Impact of Ethiopia’s Productive Safety Nets Programme: 2006-2012 Presentation Transcript

  • ETHIOPIAN DEVELOPMENT RESEARCH INSTITUTE The Impact of Ethiopia’s Productive Safety Nets Programme: 2006-2012 Guush Berhane, John Hoddinott, Neha Kumar, Alemayehu Seyoum Taffesse IFPRI Towards what works in rural development in Ethiopia: Evidence on the impact of investments and policies December 13th, 2013 Hilton Hotel, Addis Ababa 1
  • Outline  The PSNP  a brief description,  impact assessment - method, findings;  challenges  Key lessons;
  • The PSNP – Key Features  Motivation  the drought of 2002-03;  New Coalition for Food Security in Ethiopia (2003)  Features  Coordination and commitment – donors (9), government;  Predictability - multi-year planning and financing;  Combine transfers with asset building – PW plus direct support ;  Integrated with the broader development agenda;  Large o Beneficiaries - Up to 8 million persons, nearly 300 woredas (40%); o Cost - US$1.5 billion (2005-09); US$2.1 billion (2010-14)
  • The PSNP – Impact Methodology - Data  Four rounds (2006, 2008, 2010, 2012) of quantitative household survey covering approximately 3,700 beneficiary and non-beneficiary households;  Household survey is complemented by:   Community survey (infrastructure, resources, prices) Since 2010: a woreda capacity survey; an in-depth qualitative study; survey and qualitative work extended to pastoral regions  Data collected can be divided into three broad types: Outcomes, Operations, Context Methodology – Approach  Estimate the difference between outcomes achieved by beneficiaries and by comparison groups – matching (NNM, PSM, GPSM), dose response, difference-in-difference
  • The PSNP – Impact  Findings  Five years (2006-2010) of participation in the PSNP-PW: o  reduced the length of the food gap by 1.29 months per year; Between 2010 and 2012 participation in the PSNP-PW o increased food security by 1.48 months; o increase over a two year period is larger than that achieved in the first five years of the program; impacts increase with payment levels and frequency of payment; o Note: these impacts occurred against the background of rising food prices and drought
  • The PSNP – Impact  Findings  Between 2010 and 2012, Direct Support payments improved food security by 1.93 months;  Improvements in the implementation of the PSNP in Afar and Somali since 2010: o a positive impact of the PSNP on food security for poor households;
  • The PSNP – Implementational Challenges  Timeliness of payments to beneficiaries were major problem – improved significantly in the last two years;  Payment delays undercut a central premise of the PSNP - regular and predictable transfers;  Payment delays dilute PSNP’s impact on household food security;  Implementation capacity and targeting remains major problem in the Afar and Somali;
  • Key Lessons  Process  Dialogue – genuine;  What and how – implementation strategy;  Monitoring and evaluation  a part of the initial design and mutual understanding;  independent but collaborative – government, donors, the national statistical agency, external evaluators;  interim rigorous evaluations – four so far; o Create opportunities to learn and adjust (Payroll and Attendance Sheet System (PASS), Client cards ) o Help bridge results-based budgeting and longer term programming designed to achieve impact