Outline•Biography of Oscar Micheaux (1-2 min)•Films and Books by Oscar Micheaux (2-3min)•Race Films (1-2 minutes)•How is religion and morality portrayed inhis works
The Homesteader (1919). First feature length film by an African American Within Our Gates (1920). Response to D.W. Griffith’s Birth of a Nation Body and Soul (1924). With Paul Robeson. The Exile (1931). First African American feature length sound film.
Micheauxs work wasprolific. He produced,directed anddistribution more than40 films during hiscareer. He alsopublished severalnovels.With Micheauxssuccess, other blackproductioncompanies quicklypopped up.
Race MoviesRace movies or race films was a genre that existed in theUnited States between about 1915 and 1950. Approximately500 race films were made during that time period.They were films produced for an all-black audience, featuringall-black casts, primarily by black directors.Race movies are of great interest to students of African-American cinema, they have historical significance but theyalso showcased the talents of actors who were relegated tostereotypical supporting roles in mainstream studio films.
THE BIRTH OF A NATIOND.W. Griffiths The Birth of a Nation1915 Civil War epic, The Birth of a Nation,with its groundbreaking camerawork -- including close-ups, night photography, andtracking shots -- transforms forever the way films are made and images perceivedwww.pbs.org/wgbh/cultureshock/flashpoints/theater/birthofanation_a.html
Stereotypes embodied in the stock BLACKFACEcharacters of blackface minstrels notonly played a significant role incementing and proliferating racistimages, attitudes and perceptionsworldwide, but also in popularizing blackculture. In some quarters, thecaricatures that were the legacy ofblackface persist to the present day andare a cause of ongoing controversy.
Eighty years ago, two young African-American men, Thomas Shipp and Abram Smith, were lynched in the town center of Marion, Ind. The night before, on Aug. 6, 1930, S T R A N G E F R U I TNews of the lynching spread across the world. Local photographerLawrence Beitler took what would become the most iconic photograph oflynching in America. The photograph shows two bodies hanging from atree surrounded by a crowd of ordinary citizens, including women andchildren. Thousands of copies were made and sold. The photographhelped inspire the poem and song "Strange Fruit" written by AbelMeeropol — and performed around the world by Billie Holiday.
Only a fraction of his filmshave been found. “WithinOur Gates,The Brute, TheUnconqueredSymbol, Body and Soul”
Flora Cameron runs away from Gus. library.kiwix.org Armand Gridlestone attempts to rapexroads.virginia.edu Sylvia Landry. From WITHIN OUR GATES. albany.edu
Body and Soul “A bold and r controversial film by pioneer filmmaker Oscar Micheaux marked Paul Robesons screen debut ,and was the only motion picture he made with an African-American director”Body and Soul was Paul Robeson’s first film in 1930.Robeson played thedual role of two brothers, one a slick preacher and the other-his brotherwho was decent and honest.
•Race Movies http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Race_films•Filmmaker Micheaux countered stereotypes of black America... consultant, one of the first known "race films" was a 1909 documentary commissioned by Booker T. Washington ... Oscar Micheauxs 1938 film"Swing!" will be included in a ...post-gazette.com/magazine/20000202micheaux3.asp Birth of a Nation www.pbs.org/wgbh/cultureshock/flashpoints/theater/birthofanati on_a.html(p5)•http://www.reasonpad.com/2009/06/the-most-iconic-photographs-ever- taken/•Photo Courtesy of Lawrence Beitler who took this iconic photograph onAugust 7, 1930, showing the lynching of Thomas Shipp and Abram Smith. Modern-day manifestations en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blackface - Booker T. Washington photo courtesy of gardenofpraise.com
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