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Water ‘Practices’ <ul><li>Ben Anderson (Sociology) </li></ul><ul><li>10/2/2011 </li></ul>
Overview <ul><li>Social practices & policy levers </li></ul><ul><li>Components of water consumption </li></ul><ul><ul><ul>...
Social Practices Research Group <ul><ul><ul><li>New ESRC Research Group 2010 - 2013 </li></ul></ul></ul>
Why water? <ul><ul><ul><li>Supply problems: </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Locally/regionally scarce </li></u...
Micro water: Conceptual Framework <ul><ul><ul><li>Consumption = f(price + demographics + practices + attitudes) + error  <...
What is currently unclear… Consumption Price Demographics Practices Attitudes Error  (uncertainty/things we can’t measure)
What is currently unclear… Consumption Price Demographics Practices Attitudes Error Error  (uncertainty/things we can’t me...
What is currently unclear… Consumption Price Demographics Practices Attitudes Error Error  (uncertainty/things we can’t me...
What is currently unclear… Consumption Price Demographics Practices Attitudes Error &quot;Value <-> Action Gap&quot; Error...
What is currently unclear… Consumption Price Demographics Practices Attitudes Error Error  (uncertainty/things we can’t me...
What  is  currently clear… it’s  complex Consumption Price Demographics Practices Attitudes Error Error  (uncertainty/thin...
A first attempt! <ul><ul><ul><li>Expenditure & Food Survey 2002-2008 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Water price (ONS,...
Who has a meter? <ul><ul><ul><li>Data: EFS 2002-2008, n households = 34,287 (c. 5,000 per year England & Wales only) </li>...
Components of consumption… <ul><ul><ul><li>Predicting water bills for metered households </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><...
Focus: Age composition <ul><ul><ul><li>Child care practices? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Teen practices? </li></ul...
Focus: ‘Consumption Practices’ <ul><ul><ul><li>Washing/cleaning practices? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Data: EFS 2...
Focus: ‘Season’ <ul><ul><ul><li>Summer practices? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Garden? </li></ul></ul></ul>...
Next steps I <ul><ul><ul><li>New water attitudes & practices study </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>2011 cross-...
Next steps II <ul><ul><ul><li>Develop better ‘proxies for practices’ </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>And measu...
Next steps III <ul><ul><ul><li>Develop better ‘proxies for practices’ </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>And meas...
Next steps IV <ul><ul><ul><li>Develop better ‘proxies for practices’ </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>And measu...
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Water Practices - Preliminary Thoughts

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Ben Anderson's slides from a CRESI seminar on the ESRC’s new Sustainable Practices Research Group http://cresi.wordpress.com/2011/01/27/seminar-sustainable-practices/

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  • Metering leaves out Scotland, Northern Ireland and c 50% of England
  • Transcript of "Water Practices - Preliminary Thoughts"

    1. 1. Water ‘Practices’ <ul><li>Ben Anderson (Sociology) </li></ul><ul><li>10/2/2011 </li></ul>
    2. 2. Overview <ul><li>Social practices & policy levers </li></ul><ul><li>Components of water consumption </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Price </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Demographics </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Practices </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Attitudes </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>What’s next? </li></ul>
    3. 3. Social Practices Research Group <ul><ul><ul><li>New ESRC Research Group 2010 - 2013 </li></ul></ul></ul>
    4. 4. Why water? <ul><ul><ul><li>Supply problems: </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Locally/regionally scarce </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Unpredictable rainfall </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Climate change effects? </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Energy problems: </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Lots required to ‘clean’ it </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>‘ Clean’ is a moving target </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Demand problems: </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Drivers not well understood </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Climate change effects? </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Demographic problems </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Increasing single person households </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Source: Environment Agency, 2008 </li></ul></ul></ul>
    5. 5. Micro water: Conceptual Framework <ul><ul><ul><li>Consumption = f(price + demographics + practices + attitudes) + error </li></ul></ul></ul>‘ habits’ ‘ bodily and mental routines’ ‘ permanent dispositions’ ?! Education Information Exhortation ? Why people don’t do what they ‘should’ ? Regulation/ Market Policy levers
    6. 6. What is currently unclear… Consumption Price Demographics Practices Attitudes Error (uncertainty/things we can’t measure)
    7. 7. What is currently unclear… Consumption Price Demographics Practices Attitudes Error Error (uncertainty/things we can’t measure)
    8. 8. What is currently unclear… Consumption Price Demographics Practices Attitudes Error Error (uncertainty/things we can’t measure)
    9. 9. What is currently unclear… Consumption Price Demographics Practices Attitudes Error &quot;Value <-> Action Gap&quot; Error (uncertainty/things we can’t measure) Education Information Exhortation
    10. 10. What is currently unclear… Consumption Price Demographics Practices Attitudes Error Error (uncertainty/things we can’t measure) Endogeneity!
    11. 11. What is currently clear… it’s complex Consumption Price Demographics Practices Attitudes Error Error (uncertainty/things we can’t measure) Endogeneity!
    12. 12. A first attempt! <ul><ul><ul><li>Expenditure & Food Survey 2002-2008 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Water price (ONS, 2008) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>NS-SEC, n people, age etc </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Proxies! </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Shampoo, soap, detergents, gardening etc </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Bottled water </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>etc </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>? </li></ul></ul></ul>£ water (metered) Practices Attitudes Demographics Price
    13. 13. Who has a meter? <ul><ul><ul><li>Data: EFS 2002-2008, n households = 34,287 (c. 5,000 per year England & Wales only) </li></ul></ul></ul>
    14. 14. Components of consumption… <ul><ul><ul><li>Predicting water bills for metered households </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Nested regression </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Proxies for ‘Practices’ contribute </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Data: EFS 2002-2008, n metered households = 10,044 (c, 1,500 per year, England & Wales only) </li></ul></ul></ul>
    15. 15. Focus: Age composition <ul><ul><ul><li>Child care practices? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Teen practices? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Data: EFS 2002-2008, n metered households = 10,044 (c, 1,500 per year, England & Wales only), controlling for region, demographics, practices, values = standardised coefficients </li></ul></ul></ul>
    16. 16. Focus: ‘Consumption Practices’ <ul><ul><ul><li>Washing/cleaning practices? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Data: EFS 2002-2008, n metered households = 10,044 (c, 1,500 per year, England & Wales only), controlling for region, demographics, practices, values = standardised coefficients, gaps = not significant at 5% level </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Garden practices? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Food practices? </li></ul></ul></ul>
    17. 17. Focus: ‘Season’ <ul><ul><ul><li>Summer practices? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Garden? </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Washing? </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>? </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Data: EFS 2002-2008, n metered households = 10,044 (c, 1,500 per year, England & Wales only), controlling for region, demographics, practices, values = standardised coefficients, gaps = not significant at 5% level </li></ul></ul></ul>
    18. 18. Next steps I <ul><ul><ul><li>New water attitudes & practices study </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>2011 cross-sectional study </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1,200+ households survey </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>20-30 in-depth interviews </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>South, East and Midlands </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Linked to water bills/meter readings </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Hopefully! </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
    19. 19. Next steps II <ul><ul><ul><li>Develop better ‘proxies for practices’ </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>And measure real ones! </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
    20. 20. Next steps III <ul><ul><ul><li>Develop better ‘proxies for practices’ </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>And measure real ones! </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Include quarterly regional rainfall/temperature anomalies </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Model response to climate change? </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Source: UK Metoffice </li></ul></ul></ul>
    21. 21. Next steps IV <ul><ul><ul><li>Develop better ‘proxies for practices’ </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>And measure real ones! </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Include quarterly regional rainfall/temperature anomalies </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Model response to climate change? </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Develop small area estimates of water use </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>With climate response scenarios? </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>

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