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Water Practices - Preliminary Thoughts
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Water Practices - Preliminary Thoughts

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Ben Anderson's slides from a CRESI seminar on the ESRC’s new Sustainable Practices Research Group http://cresi.wordpress.com/2011/01/27/seminar-sustainable-practices/

Ben Anderson's slides from a CRESI seminar on the ESRC’s new Sustainable Practices Research Group http://cresi.wordpress.com/2011/01/27/seminar-sustainable-practices/

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  • Metering leaves out Scotland, Northern Ireland and c 50% of England

Water Practices - Preliminary Thoughts Water Practices - Preliminary Thoughts Presentation Transcript

  • Water ‘Practices’
    • Ben Anderson (Sociology)
    • 10/2/2011
  • Overview
    • Social practices & policy levers
    • Components of water consumption
        • Price
        • Demographics
        • Practices
        • Attitudes
    • What’s next?
  • Social Practices Research Group
        • New ESRC Research Group 2010 - 2013
  • Why water?
        • Supply problems:
            • Locally/regionally scarce
            • Unpredictable rainfall
            • Climate change effects?
        • Energy problems:
            • Lots required to ‘clean’ it
            • ‘ Clean’ is a moving target
        • Demand problems:
            • Drivers not well understood
            • Climate change effects?
        • Demographic problems
            • Increasing single person households
        • Source: Environment Agency, 2008
  • Micro water: Conceptual Framework
        • Consumption = f(price + demographics + practices + attitudes) + error
    ‘ habits’ ‘ bodily and mental routines’ ‘ permanent dispositions’ ?! Education Information Exhortation ? Why people don’t do what they ‘should’ ? Regulation/ Market Policy levers
  • What is currently unclear… Consumption Price Demographics Practices Attitudes Error (uncertainty/things we can’t measure)
  • What is currently unclear… Consumption Price Demographics Practices Attitudes Error Error (uncertainty/things we can’t measure)
  • What is currently unclear… Consumption Price Demographics Practices Attitudes Error Error (uncertainty/things we can’t measure)
  • What is currently unclear… Consumption Price Demographics Practices Attitudes Error &quot;Value <-> Action Gap&quot; Error (uncertainty/things we can’t measure) Education Information Exhortation
  • What is currently unclear… Consumption Price Demographics Practices Attitudes Error Error (uncertainty/things we can’t measure) Endogeneity!
  • What is currently clear… it’s complex Consumption Price Demographics Practices Attitudes Error Error (uncertainty/things we can’t measure) Endogeneity!
  • A first attempt!
        • Expenditure & Food Survey 2002-2008
        • Water price (ONS, 2008)
        • NS-SEC, n people, age etc
        • Proxies!
            • Shampoo, soap, detergents, gardening etc
            • Bottled water
            • etc
        • ?
    £ water (metered) Practices Attitudes Demographics Price
  • Who has a meter?
        • Data: EFS 2002-2008, n households = 34,287 (c. 5,000 per year England & Wales only)
  • Components of consumption…
        • Predicting water bills for metered households
        • Nested regression
        • Proxies for ‘Practices’ contribute
        • Data: EFS 2002-2008, n metered households = 10,044 (c, 1,500 per year, England & Wales only)
  • Focus: Age composition
        • Child care practices?
        • Teen practices?
        • Data: EFS 2002-2008, n metered households = 10,044 (c, 1,500 per year, England & Wales only), controlling for region, demographics, practices, values = standardised coefficients
  • Focus: ‘Consumption Practices’
        • Washing/cleaning practices?
        • Data: EFS 2002-2008, n metered households = 10,044 (c, 1,500 per year, England & Wales only), controlling for region, demographics, practices, values = standardised coefficients, gaps = not significant at 5% level
        • Garden practices?
        • Food practices?
  • Focus: ‘Season’
        • Summer practices?
            • Garden?
            • Washing?
            • ?
        • Data: EFS 2002-2008, n metered households = 10,044 (c, 1,500 per year, England & Wales only), controlling for region, demographics, practices, values = standardised coefficients, gaps = not significant at 5% level
  • Next steps I
        • New water attitudes & practices study
            • 2011 cross-sectional study
            • 1,200+ households survey
            • 20-30 in-depth interviews
        • South, East and Midlands
        • Linked to water bills/meter readings
            • Hopefully!
  • Next steps II
        • Develop better ‘proxies for practices’
            • And measure real ones!
  • Next steps III
        • Develop better ‘proxies for practices’
            • And measure real ones!
        • Include quarterly regional rainfall/temperature anomalies
            • Model response to climate change?
        • Source: UK Metoffice
  • Next steps IV
        • Develop better ‘proxies for practices’
            • And measure real ones!
        • Include quarterly regional rainfall/temperature anomalies
            • Model response to climate change?
        • Develop small area estimates of water use
            • With climate response scenarios?