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Mark Harvey - Interlocking Crises
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Mark Harvey - Interlocking Crises


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Prof. Mark Harvey's contribution to a CRESI seminar "Capitalism versus the environment? A debate" 22 October 2009, Department of Sociology, University of Essex.

Prof. Mark Harvey's contribution to a CRESI seminar "Capitalism versus the environment? A debate" 22 October 2009, Department of Sociology, University of Essex.

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  • Sources & Notes: All data is for 2000. All calculations are based on CO2 equivalents, using 100-year global warming potentials from the IPCC (1996), based on a total global estimate of 41,755 MtCO2 equivalent. Land use change includes both emissions and absorptions; see Chapter 16. See Appendix 2 for detailed description of sector and end use/activity definitions, as well as data sources. Dotted lines represent flows of less than 0.1% percent of total GHG emissions.
  • Transcript

    • 1. “ Peak petro-chemicals” Global climate change Food crises Land use + water Biodiversity Socio-economic welfare INTERLOCKING CRISES
    • 2. Ruddiman, W.R. Pre-industrialisation GHG climate change
    • 3.  
    • 4.  
    • 5. Do we need growth? Can it be sustainable?
      • Capitalist economies are growth economies – but there are many different political economies (US, EU, BRIC, Japan, etc.). And it has been ever thus.
        • International governance
      • Growth and growth
        • Multifaceted and complex: inequality generation, modernisation, improvements in the quality of life. Pharmaceuticals and petrochemicals.
        • Ecological and climate change crises: The critical tipping point of global warming – only recently known effects
        • The resource crises: ‘limits to growth’.
      • Polanyian critique of classical Marxism
        • Single engine economy with one basic engine design: surplus value extraction/accumulation of capital/commodification of everything. Everything external to the engine is a potential negative externality – or regulatory break system.
        • Radical institutionalisation of economic organisation, comparative and historical
        • Regulation/deregulation dialectic
        • Multimodality: interdependent market and non-market growth
          • Health
          • Education
          • Knowledge production
    • 6. Innovation in production and consumption
      • Normal market mechanisms characteristic of industrial capitalism will not deliver
      • Major new technologies for food, land and water user, energy, materials, essential.
      • Politically driven economic evolution.
        • Not Schumpeterian or Marxist capitalist transformation
      • Consumer choice in the market place will not deliver
        • Politicisation of consumption: choices on transport and energy infrastructures
        • Macro-political choices on agriculture and food, on global sustainable land and water use .