EDU 290: Parts of Speech
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  • 1. Parts of Speech
    By: Paige Essenberg
    http://community.tncc.edu/faculty/dollieslager/images/partsofspeech.gif
    Picture:
  • 2. Different Parts of Speech
    Preposition
    Pronoun
    Proper Noun
    Subject
    Tense
    Verb
    Vowel
    Adjective
    Adverb
    Consonant
    Conjunction
    Interjection
    Noun
    http://www.cs.cf.ac.uk/fun/welsh/Glossary.html
    Text:
  • 3. Adjective
    Words that describe another person or thing in the sentence
    Gives more information about the noun or pronoun
    Position of Adjectives
    - Adjectives nearly always appear immediately before the noun or noun phrase
    Examples:
    - The tall teacher.
    - The large horse.
    - A two-month-old baby.
    http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/adjectives.htm
    Text:
  • 4. Adverb
    Words that describe a verb, adjective, or another adverb in terms of time, frequency and manner
    Time: tells when something happens
    Frequency: tells how often something happens
    Manner: tells how an action is or should be performed
    Adjectives can be made into an adverb by adding -lyas in nicely, quickly, completely, sincerely, etc.
    Examples:
    - They will be here soon. (Time)
    - She say the movie twice. (Frequency)
    - Judy runs fast. (Manner)
    - She rarely eats a big breakfast.
    http://eslus.com/LESSONS/GRAMMAR/POS/pos5.htm
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  • 5. Consonant
    A sound made by closure at one or more points in the throat when speaking
    Can not sound on their own, but only with a nearby vowel
    Letters in the alphabet: B, C, D, F, G, H, J, K, L, M, N, P, Q, R, S, T, V, W, X, Z, and sometimes Y - the letter Y stands for a consonant in "yoke" but for a vowel in "myth"
    http://www.wisegeek.com/what-is-a-consonant.htm
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  • 6. Conjunction
    http://www.writingcentre.uottawa.ca/hypergrammar/conjunct.html
    Text:
    Used to link words, phrases, and clauses together
    Co-ordinating Conjunction: links individual words, phrases and independent clauses together
    - uses words such as “and”, “but”, “or”, “nor”, “for”, “so”, or “yet”
    - Examples:
    - Lilacs and violets are usually purple.
    - I want to buy this flower from the flower shop, but I don’t have enough money.
    Subordinating Conjunctions: introduces a dependent clause and indicates the relationship between the independent and dependent clause
    - uses words such as “after”, “although”, “as”, “because”, “before”, “how”, “if”, “once”, “since”, “than”, “that”, “till”, “until”, “when”, “where”, “while”, etc.
    - Examples:
    - After she bought the dress, Leila felt more confident with herself.
    - Jennifer had to go for a run when she found out some bad news from her family.
  • 7. Interjection
    A word, phrase, or sound used as an exclamation
    Capable of standing by itself
    Examples:
    - Ouch, that hurt!
    - Hey! Put that down!
    http://www.thedeeparchives.com/images/products/ssexbshr380_sml.jpg
    http://www.cftech.com/BrainBank/OTHERREFERENCE/GRAMMARANDPUNCTUATION/PartsSpeech.html
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  • 8. Noun
    A word or phrase that names a person, place, thing, or idea
    Example:
    Girls in white dresses with blue satin sashesSnowflakes that stay on my nose and eyelashesSilver white winters that melt into springsThese are a few of my favorite nouns
    http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/nouns.htm
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  • 9. Preposition
    http://beidaenglish.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/03/prepositions.gif
    Picture:
    Links nouns, pronouns and phrases to other words in a sentence
    Uses words such as "about," "above," "across," "after," "against," "along," "around," "at," "before," "behind," "below," "beneath," "beside," "between," "beyond," "but," "by," "despite," "down," "during," "except," "for," "from," "in," "inside," "into," "like," "near," "of," "off," "on," "onto," "out," "outside," "over," "past," "since," "through," "throughout," "till," "to," "toward," "under," "underneath," "until," "up," "upon," "with," "within," and "without."
    Examples:
    The book is on the table.
    The book is beneath the table.
    The book is leaning against the table.
    http://www.uottawa.ca/academic/arts/writcent/hypergrammar/preposit.html
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  • 10. Pronoun
    A word which can be used instead of a noun
    Singular:
    - 1st Person: “I”, “me”, “mine”, “myself”
    - 2nd Person: “you”, “you”, “yours”, “yourself”
    - 3rd Person: “he/she/it”, “him/her/it”, “his/hers”, “himself/herself/itself”
    Plural:
    - 1st Person: “we”, “us”, “ours”, “ourselves”
    -2nd Person: “you”, “you”, “yours”, “yourselves”
    -3rd Person: “they”, “them”, “theirs”, “themselves”
    Examples:
    - He is a student. (He= Brandon)
    - Yesterday she called it. (She= Morgan and It=the payphone)
    http://eslus.com/LESSONS/GRAMMAR/POS/pos6.htm
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  • 11. Proper Noun
    A noun that is the name of a specificindividual, place, or object
    Examples:
    city: New York City
    name: Leila
    building: Empire State Building
    http://carenhuman.co.za/wp-content/uploads/2009/09/henri-silberman-new-york-new-york-empire-state-building.jpg
    http://www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsAProperNoun.htm
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  • 12. Subject
    The part of a sentence that indicates what actsupontheverb
    It is always a noun, pronoun, or nounclause.
    Example:
    Jason and his teammates play soccer on the field everyday.
    Judy and her dog run on the beach every morning.
    http://www.cs.cf.ac.uk/fun/welsh/Glossary.html
    Text:
    http://www.uottawa.ca/academic/arts/writcent/hypergrammar/subjpred.html#subject
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  • 13. Tense
    Locates a situation in time, that indicates when the situation takes place by a verb
    Three Tenses:
    1. Past – I went.
    2. Present – I go.
    3. Future – I will go.
    http://s3.amazonaws.com/preview.canstockphoto.com/canstock1688533.png
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grammatical_tense
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  • 14. Verb
    Express actions, events, or statesofbeing
    An important part of the sentence
    Examples:
    A vampire bites a victim on their neck.
    Victoria will plant tulip bulbs in the Spring.
    http://www.writingcentre.uottawa.ca/hypergrammar/verbs.html
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  • 15. Vowel
    http://www.hilltop.doncaster.sch.uk/FileSystem/upfile/j00071/Year%20%201%20vowels.jpg
    Picture:
    A type of sound where there is no closure of the throat or mouth at any point when speaking
    Words must contain at least one vowel
    - words combine bothvowels and consonants
    Letters in the alphabet: A, E, I , O, U, and sometimes Y
    http://www.wisegeek.com/what-is-a-vowel.htm
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