Students are “pulled” from their main classroom to attend English as a second language classes.
Amount of time in ESL class ranges from a few times a week to several hours each day.
Students work in small groups and focus solely on learning English (Pascopella, 2011).
Students may miss content information from class, and learning can be disjointed together (Jama, 1992) unless teachers work together to build a strong curriculum that can be delivered in multiple languages (Varela, 2010).
“ Transitional bilingual programs have been organized to introduce students to English while teaching subject matter in the native language until the student knows enough language to fit into the mainstream.” (Jama, 1992, p. 5)
Students who are conversational in English may not be able to understand the content-specific information they are learning in class
Students can learn English in a main classroom while not falling behind on content knowledge.
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