The ship emissions debate:ESPO’s view and implications for portsSulphur Directive 2005/33/EC: Implications for ports,Zeebr...
Content1.   ESPO and the environment2.   The ship emissions debate3.   Political process and ports’ response4.   Way forwa...
ESPOFounded in 1993Represents European seaportauthorities (members)Members from EU andneighboring countriesSecretariat in ...
ESPO and the environmentPro-activeness / Self regulationSharing knowledge and experiencesContinuous environmental improvem...
EcoPorts integration within ESPO www.ecoports.com
ESPO Green Guide - 5Es approachExemplify: Setting the good example towards the wider portcommunityEnable: Providing infras...
Content1.   ESPO and the environment2.   The ship emissions debate3.   Political process and ports’ response4.   Way forwa...
The ship emissions debate
Shipping is carbon efficient …                Air    (Boeing 747-400)            Truck     (Global average)     Rail Diese...
… but its green image is under threat!  “ships can be seen as floating incinerators”  “if shipping can only compete on the...
Ports’ interest  Maintaining / restoring the green image of shipping  Maintaining its competitiveness  Reducing impact on ...
Content1.   ESPO and the environment2.   The ship emissions debate3.   Political process and ports’ response4.   Way forwa...
Sulphur Directive – Political process  EC Proposal  EP TRAN Opinion  EP ENVI Report – February 2012  EP Plenary – May 2012...
Sulphur Directive – ESPO’s view  Shipping is a global industry, refrain from going beyond  IMO    Passenger ships    Restr...
GHG emissions – Political process  IMO adoption of EEDI and SEEMP - July 2011  EC determination to propose regional Market...
GHG emissions – Political process  4 MMBs are being considered    Compensation fund    Mandatory emission reductions per s...
GHG emissions – ESPO’s view  It is counterproductive to tackle the contribution of a  global industry to a global environm...
Designation of NECAs – Process  North Sea NECA consultation group    Draft environmental and economic impact assessment   ...
Designation of NECAs – ESPO view Each European region is free to examine whether a NECA designation is beneficial and to f...
Content1.   ESPO and the environment2.   The ship emissions debate3.   Political process and ports’ response4.   Way forwa...
Way forwardClosely following the ship emissions debate / LobbyingPromoting voluntary initiatives (WPCI, ESI, OPS, LNG,EcoP...
ConclusionsShipping should be regulated globally through IMOPorts have a clear interest in local air quality (licence toop...
Thank you for your attention!Sulphur Directive 2005/33/EC: Implications for ports, Zeebrugge,23 March 2012Dr Antonis Micha...
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Espo's view on ship emissions am

  1. 1. The ship emissions debate:ESPO’s view and implications for portsSulphur Directive 2005/33/EC: Implications for ports,Zeebrugge, 23 March 2012Dr Antonis Michail, Policy Advisor, ESPO
  2. 2. Content1. ESPO and the environment2. The ship emissions debate3. Political process and ports’ response4. Way forward and conclusions
  3. 3. ESPOFounded in 1993Represents European seaportauthorities (members)Members from EU andneighboring countriesSecretariat in BrusselsRecognised counterpart of EUinstitutions
  4. 4. ESPO and the environmentPro-activeness / Self regulationSharing knowledge and experiencesContinuous environmental improvement throughsystematic approach to port environmental managementDialogue and cooperation with regulating authoritiesInvolvement of all relevant port users / stakeholders
  5. 5. EcoPorts integration within ESPO www.ecoports.com
  6. 6. ESPO Green Guide - 5Es approachExemplify: Setting the good example towards the wider portcommunityEnable: Providing infrastructural or operational conditions for portusers so that they can improve their environmental performanceEncourage: Providing incentives to port users in order to triggerimproved environmental performanceEngage: Engaging with port users and/or competent authorities insharing knowledge and skills towards joint projectsEnforce: Regulating behavior of port users and ensure compliance
  7. 7. Content1. ESPO and the environment2. The ship emissions debate3. Political process and ports’ response4. Way forward and conclusions
  8. 8. The ship emissions debate
  9. 9. Shipping is carbon efficient … Air (Boeing 747-400) Truck (Global average) Rail Diesel Rail Electric (Global average) Ocean (Avg. ML vessels) CO2 (g/ton km) Source: Based on data from the Network for Transport and Environment, Sweden
  10. 10. … but its green image is under threat! “ships can be seen as floating incinerators” “if shipping can only compete on the basis of a dirty fuel, you have to wonder how ‘green’ it really is”
  11. 11. Ports’ interest Maintaining / restoring the green image of shipping Maintaining its competitiveness Reducing impact on local air quality (SOx, NOx, PM) Maintaining good environmental condition in the port area (licence to operate and to grow)
  12. 12. Content1. ESPO and the environment2. The ship emissions debate3. Political process and ports’ response4. Way forward and conclusions
  13. 13. Sulphur Directive – Political process EC Proposal EP TRAN Opinion EP ENVI Report – February 2012 EP Plenary – May 2012 Council and Parliament negotiations First reading agreement?
  14. 14. Sulphur Directive – ESPO’s view Shipping is a global industry, refrain from going beyond IMO Passenger ships Restrictions on fuels placed in the market New SECAs through IMO Fuel availability clause Ambitious programme of accompanying measures
  15. 15. GHG emissions – Political process IMO adoption of EEDI and SEEMP - July 2011 EC determination to propose regional Market Based Measures - Proposal is foreseen within 2012 Several stakeholders’ meetings (ECCP) Ongoing impact assessment Ongoing online consultation
  16. 16. GHG emissions – Political process 4 MMBs are being considered Compensation fund Mandatory emission reductions per ship Emission Trading Scheme Tax (on fuels or emissions) Scope All vessels arriving from the last port of call All vessels departing until the next port of call
  17. 17. GHG emissions – ESPO’s view It is counterproductive to tackle the contribution of a global industry to a global environmental issue on a regional basis! The risk of evading practices is of great concern for the ports especially in the Mediterranean and the Black Sea! Promote the use of voluntary initiatives at European level (e.g. WPCI, ESI, OPS, LNG, slow steaming)
  18. 18. Designation of NECAs – Process North Sea NECA consultation group Draft environmental and economic impact assessment arrive to the conclusion that a North Sea NECA is a socio-economic cost-efficient measure with benefits exceeding the costs Meeting 26-27 March Similar process in the Baltic Sea is ongoing
  19. 19. Designation of NECAs – ESPO view Each European region is free to examine whether a NECA designation is beneficial and to follow the IMO process But avoid the same mistakes as in the case of SECAs! Thorough impact assessment needed (including potential lack of level playing field related considerations)
  20. 20. Content1. ESPO and the environment2. The ship emissions debate3. Political process and ports’ response4. Way forward and conclusions
  21. 21. Way forwardClosely following the ship emissions debate / LobbyingPromoting voluntary initiatives (WPCI, ESI, OPS, LNG,EcoPorts)ESPO Green Guide – 5Es (establish what port authoritiescan do)
  22. 22. ConclusionsShipping should be regulated globally through IMOPorts have a clear interest in local air quality (licence tooperate and to grow)Ports have a clear interest to maintain the green imageof shipping while also maintaining its competitivenesEnabling, Encouraging, Engaging
  23. 23. Thank you for your attention!Sulphur Directive 2005/33/EC: Implications for ports, Zeebrugge,23 March 2012Dr Antonis Michail, Policy Advisor, ESPO, antonis.michail@espo.bewww.espo.be / www.ecoports.com
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