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Presentation made by teachers and students of Hristo Botev School from Vraysa, Bulgaria. This presentation was shown in Gödöllö in November 2010 as part of the Project Meeting for our Comenius Project

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  1. 2. The capital city, Sofia, is the largest city in Bulgaria.
  2. 3. Ivan Vazov National Theatre
  3. 4. It was built in 1907 in a baroque style and was generously decorated with figures from Greek mythology.
  4. 5. St. Alexander Nevski Cathedral was built to honour the Russian king Alexander II whom Bulgarians refer to as the Liberator king.
  5. 6. The building of the Parliament has historic importance. It was pronounced a monument of Bulgarian culture. It was built in 1886 in the neo-renaissance style.
  6. 7. The motto on the main facade is “Unity makes strength”.
  7. 8. The Rila Monastery is a magnificent monument of Bulgarian medieval architecture and art. The monastery was founded in the 10 th century.
  8. 9. It is the largest monastery on the Balkan Peninsula outside Atons. In the 1983 it was included in the UNESCO registry as an international cultural treasure.
  9. 10. Belogradchik Rocks  have been nominated as one of the new seven wonders of nature in the world. Many rocks have fantastic shapes and are associated with interesting legends.
  10. 11. Baba Vida Fortress It was built in the 10 th century and it is the only entirely preserved medieval castle in the country.
  11. 12. Melnik The sand pyramids that surround the town represent the natural phenomenon which is unique for the Balkans with various and amazing forms
  12. 13. Three words ch aracterized this mus eum town – history, architecture an d wine.
  13. 14. A typical architectural example for the town of Melnik is the Kordopulova house – the largest medieval house in Bulgaria which was built in 1754.
  14. 15. Koprivshtitsa is a town where the proud and independent spirit of the Bulgarians has survived over the centuries.
  15. 16. The architecture of the National Revival period in Bulgaria’s history (XVIII-XIX century) is preserved.
  16. 17. Plovdiv is the second largest city in Bulgaria after Sofia. It is one of the oldest cities in Europe.
  17. 18. Some of the ancient names of Plovdiv are Eumo lpias , Philippoupolis , Trimontium and Filibe .
  18. 19. The Roman theatre is probably the best known monument from Antiquity in Bul garia . It was built in the beginning of the 2nd century during the reign of the Roman Emperor Trajan.
  19. 20. The Asen’s fortress has existed since the time of the Thracians. The fortress gained importance in the Middle Ages.
  20. 21. The Shipka Memorial It is a memorial to those who died in 187 7 and 187 8 for the Li beration of Bulgaria in the Russo- Turkish War.
  21. 22. The Shipka Memorial Church is dedicated to the Russian, Ukrainian and Bulgarian soldiers that died for the Liberation of Bulgaria in the Russo-Turkish War.
  22. 23. Pleven was a major battle scene during the Russo-Turkish War.
  23. 24. The most significant sight in Pleven today is the Pleven Panorama. It is known as the largest among 33 such panoramas all over the world. The Pleven Panorama depicts the events of the Russo-Turkish War of 1877-78.
  24. 25. Because of the textile industry, the town of Gabrovo is known as the Bulgarian Manchester.
  25. 26. Gabrovo is known internationally as the world capital of humour.
  26. 27. Veliko Tarnovo is often referred as the “City of the Tsars” and is famous as the historical capital of the Second Bulgarian Empire.
  27. 28. Tsarevets is a medieval stronghold located on a hill with the same name in Veliko Tarnovo. It served as the Second Bulgarian Empire's primary fortress and strongest bulwark from 1185 to 1393.
  28. 29. Sozopol is an ancient seaside town. Today it is one of the major seaside resorts in the country, known for the Apollonia art and film festival that is named after one of the town's ancient names.
  29. 30. Often referred to as the " Pearl of the Black Sea " and " Bulgaria's Dubrovnik ", Nesebar is a rich city-museum.
  30. 31. Its abundance of historic buildings prompted UNESCO to include Nesebar in its list of World Heritage Sites in 1983.
  31. 32. Commonly referred to as the marine (or summer) capital of Bulgaria, Varna is a major tourist destination.
  32. 33. The Madara Rider or Madara Horseman is an early medieval large rock relief carved on the Madara Plateau. The relief depicts a majestic horseman 23 m above ground level in an almost vertical 100 m high cliff. The monument is dated back to circa 710 AD and has been on the UNESCO World Heritage List since 1979.
  33. 34. The village of Arbansi is known for the rich history and large number of historical monuments, such as 17th and 18th century churches and examples of Bulgarian National Revival architecture.
  34. 35. The Etar Architectural-Ethnographic Complex is an open-air museum.
  35. 36. It presents the Bulgarian customs, culture and craftsmanship.
  36. 37. Boyana church is a monument of Bulgarian Medieval architecture and religious art. It was built in the 11 th cen tury.
  37. 38. The wall paintings in the church are from three different periods. Boyana church was declared a UNESCO monument in 1979.
  38. 39. Vratsa is an ancient city found by ancient Thracians.
  39. 40. Vratsa was called Valve ("door of a fortre ss") by the Romans due to a narrow passage where the main gate of the city fortress was located. Nowadays, this passage is the symbol of Vratsa, and is shown on the town's Coat of arms.
  40. 41. Kurtpashova Tower in Vratsa, Bulgaria
  41. 42. Meshtchiite Tower in Vratsa, Bulgaria
  42. 43. Vestitel Complex
  43. 44. Ledenika cave The cave is about 300m long and contains ten separate halls. The biggest one is the Concert Hall.