Conditional Sentences

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Apresentação sobre "Conditional Sentences" preparada pela Professora Erika Petiz, para os seus alunos do Colégio Espaço Aberto, sedes Bezerra de Menezes e Papicu

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Conditional Sentences

  1. 1. Conditional Sentences Teacher: Erika Petiz
  2. 2. CONDITIONAL SENTENCES Structure : A conditional sentence is composed of 2 parts : If-clause + Main Clause Example : If it rains tomorrow, we will not come. If-clause Main Clause
  3. 3. Types : <ul><li>There are 4 types of conditional sentences. </li></ul><ul><li>They are classified according to their specific implications. </li></ul><ul><li>Each type of conditional sentences uses different tenses to show the difference in their implications. </li></ul>CONDITIONAL SENTENCES
  4. 4. Type 0 : Use : Talk about universal truth. Tense : Present tense in both clauses Example : If you heat water to 100°C, it boils . Present Tense Present Tense If you pour oil into water, it floats . CONDITIONAL SENTENCES
  5. 5. Type 1 Use : Talk about a present or future probable case. Tense : If-clause ~ Present Tense Main Clause ~ Future Tense Example : If I feel sick, I will not go to school. Present Tense Future Tense If it rains tomorrow, the match will be cancelled . CONDITIONAL SENTENCES
  6. 6. [email_address] Exercise One <ul><li>If you ___________________ (not come), you ________________ (miss) the show. </li></ul>do not come will miss <ul><li>John _________________ (buy) a car if he _____________ (get) a job. </li></ul>will buy gets <ul><ul><li>3. Mary ________________(get) a toothache if she _________________ (eat) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>too many sweets. </li></ul></ul>gets eats
  7. 7. Type 2 (Present Subjunctive) Use : Talk about a present or future improbable case. (A case that is unlikely to happen ) Tense : If-clause ~ Past Tense Main Clause ~ would + an infinitive Example : If he were a bird, he would fly across the harbour. Past Tense Would + infinitive If I had $200,000 now, I would buy a car. CONDITIONAL SENTENCES
  8. 8. END

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