Thoughtgroups09

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Thoughtgroups09

  1. 1. Advanced Listening & Speaking<br />Thought Groups and Primary Stress<br />
  2. 2. Thought Groups<br />Native Speakers of English speak in meaningful groups of words. These groups are called THOUGHT GROUPS. <br />These groups can be:<br />A short sentence<br />A clause or phrase<br />A transitional word or phrase<br />An expression<br />Between these thought groups there is a slight dip in intonation and a little pause<br />Exercise One on page 107 and Exercise Three on page 108<br />
  3. 3. Thought Groups and Focal Stress <br />Each thought group has one word that receives primary stress (focal stress)<br />The focus word is the most important word in the thought group<br />It usually has a pitch rise and is longer and clearer than the other words in the thought group<br />
  4. 4. Focus Word <br />Focus word is:<br />Usually last content word (noun, verb, adjective, adverb, negative)<br />Example: I can almost SEE it/ that dream I’m DREAMing<br />If focus word has more than one syllable, the stressed syllable receives the greatest stress<br />Example: Every step I’m TAKing<br />Exercise 4 on page 109 and Exercise 5 on page 110<br />
  5. 5. Focus Words<br />The only time when the last content word is NOT the focus word is:<br />Highlights or contrasts:<br />It isn’t hot in here,/ it’s cold.<br />New Information is introduced:<br />What kind of books do you like?<br />I like mysteries.<br />To correct or modify a previous statement.<br />Class begins at 11:30.<br />Actually, it begins at 10.00<br />To emphasize agreement.<br />This chapter is easy.<br />It is easy.<br />

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