Intersectionality, as discussed by Kimberle Crenshaw, is a contemporary social and legal framework used to assess the ways in which intersections of race, ethnicity, class, gender, or other “axes of difference” (e.g. disability status, stigmatized involvement in the child protective service system) may impact health (Crenshaw, 2004). Contextualizing the “multiplicity of oppression,” this framework allows for the illumination of the complex relationships and interactions between, for example, race, gender and disability, and the ways in which these factors can impact or structure the realities of vulnerable populations.
AFCARS disability definition : Physical, visual, hearing, mental retardation or major medical condition
H 1 : Black adoptees with disabilities - longest wait
STATE AGENCY REACH OUT TO FAMILIES OF COLOR PLEASE ADOPT – INFORM COMMUNITY ABOUT THESE DATA – GIVING THEM CHOICES ABOUT BECOMING INVOLVED FIRST, STEPS, GUARDIANSHIPS, MENTORING TO ADOPTION OR PRAY FOR A CHILD = CONGREGATION TAKE ON CHILD BLACK ORGS AND COMMUNITY AGENCIES NOT ONLY THE CHURCH BEING IN THE COMMUNITY WITHOUT ASKING FOR ANYTHING MIGHT HELP TOO – STREET CRED.
Untangling child welfare disparities: Adoption outcomes for Black children with disabilities Elspeth Slayter, Ph.D. School of Social Work Salem State College July 16, 2009 2 nd National Conference on Child and Family Programs and Policy Slayer
Black vs. non-Black youth with disabilities 27% less likely (38% vs. 44%, OR=0.73***)
Black youth with vs. without disabilities 36.4 times more likely (38% vs. 2%, OR=36.4***)
Black boys with disabililties 17% less likely than Black girls with disabilities (37% vs. 40%, OR=0.83**)
Slayer Aim 2: Time between termination of parental rights and adoption Group comparison Mean (Standard deviation) t All Black youth All Non-Black youth 1.98 (0.02) 1.41 (0.01) t=21.2*** All Black boys All Black girls 2.37 (0.26) 1.60 (0.02) t=4.0*** Youth with disabilities Youth without disabilities 1.81 (0.02) 1.60 (0.01) t=7.70*** Black youth with disabilities Non-Black youth with disabilities 1.87 (0.29) 1.63(0.01) t=12.7*** Black youth with disabilities Black youth without disabilities 1.91 (0.03) 2.06 (0.02) t=4.1*** Black boys with disabilities Black girls with disabilities 1.91 (0.04) 1.90 (0.05) NS
National Data Archive on Child Abuse and Neglect (NDACAN)
Adoption and Foster Care Analysis and Reporting System (Children’s Bureau)
NDACAN, Cornell University and their agents or employees bear no responsibility for these analyses or interpretations
Slayer Removal from family (imminent risk of abuse, neglect) Return to family within 22 months with concurrent planning Work toward reunification (in most cases) Initiation of termination of parental rights proceedings after 15/22 months Parental rights terminated Adopted LT foster care or waiting for adoption Federal Adoption and Safe Families Act of 1996 (ASFA) *Safety *Permanency *Well-being Federal, state-specific subsidies, programs, resources