Settlements

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Settlements

  1. 1. Settlement Lastminutegcsegeographyrevison@kingdown Slide 1
  2. 2. Preparation before starting this Revision unit you need to have:•Sorted you theory notes and produced a contents page •Have your case studies completed Introduction This unit is to give you 30 minutes of Geography Revision on the Settlements topic. Work through the tasks and stick to the timings. You could work through this unit more than once Resources You will find these resources useful Contents page from your files, the supporting PowerPoint presentation (this can be downloaded to your MP3 player or phone) the topic glossary Lastminutegcsegeographyrevison@kingdown Slide 2
  3. 3. You may begin….. Record down your start time Slide 3
  4. 4. 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 The different areas of dominant land use within cities reflects economic, social and cultural factors What zones exist in an MEDC city ? Slide 4
  5. 5. 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 What zones exist in an LEDC city Slide 5
  6. 6. 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 How do these factors create zone? Give examples •Land Values •Age •Accessibility •Wealth of the inhabitants •Planning policies Slide 6
  7. 7. 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 Some urban developments are more sustainable than others. More efficient use of resources Ensuring resources are conserved for future generations by not overusing them in the present Providing Community based solutions Locally developed initiatives Providing Pro Poor solutions Increasing Equality to help the poorest people What is sustainability Developing Eco friendly and green strategies. Conservation and protection of biodiversity Where do these go ? Technology Transfer to the poor; Conservation ; Bottom Up approach; using Appropriate technology Energy Efficiency ; Recycling; Renewable energy ; Carbon Capture. Slide 7
  8. 8. 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 Give examples for each of these boxes Slide 8
  9. 9. 30 Urban Developments 25 Resource Efficiency LONG TERM 20 15 Community Involvement Local people 10 5 Social Justice People more equal 0 Environmental Conservation Eco friendly Out of Town developments Gentrification Counter urbanisation Urban Sprawl CBD Regeneration Brownfield developments Are these Urban Developments sustainable? Slide 9
  10. 10. 30 25 20 Resource Efficiency 15 10 Community Involvement 5 Social Justice 0 Environment al Conservation Satellite City Urban Sprawl Site and service schemes Inward investment CBD developing Rural urban Migration Transport developments Are these LEDC Urban Developments sustainable ? Slide 10
  11. 11. 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 Case study of urban change to illustrate social, economic and environmental planning and its sustainability. 1.3million people live in 750 favela’s Increase in car ownership has caused an increase in traffic and congestion Bairro Project – a scheme designed to provide inhabitants with essential services such as paved roads, water supply and drainage systems and relocation of families Improvement in public transport; new metro systems are being built and existing lines expanded The completion of the road Elevado do Joa. This road is a one way road within the rush hour times (6.30-10.00 & 18.00-20.00) Tolled motorways ease congestion and help commuters from long distances (Linha Vermelha, Linha Amarela) Generating employment for adults and the option to go to college for youngsters. Co- Education of favela inhabitants is operative dressmakers , cleaners, construction workers are encouraging inhabitants very poor, therefore there is high become established in the labour market. IT courses and improved basic education are levels of youth involved in crime encouraging teenagers to choose a life without crime 30KM to west new city built. Satellite City - Barra Slide 11
  12. 12. 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 Urban change to illustrate social, economic and environmental planning and its sustainability. BRISTOL case study CABOTS CIRCUS Economic Sustainability Social sustainability Creates jobs Improves quality of life Develops economic potential Environmental Sustainability Minimises environmental disruption Social inclusion Improves the landscape Minimises disruption to people Slide 12
  13. 13. 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 What affects the provision of goods and retail services in rural and urban settlements? Different types of goods and retail services. What do these terms mean ? Catchment area; Consumer good; Convenience good; Low order good; medium order good; High order good; Hierarchy; CBD; Comparison goods; National retail outlet; Clone town ; E-Tailing; Ethical shopping. Slide 13
  14. 14. 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 The relationship between the provision of goods and retail services and the population size of a settlement. What retail will we find in? Heytesbury Warminster Bristol Slide 14
  15. 15. 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 Retail service provision changes over time A case study to illustrate how retail service provision changes over time. BRISTOL Pre War Post war Traditional market area based on the Docks Central Area Brownfield site (Rebuilding) Slide 15
  16. 16. 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 1980s – 1990s 2000 -2010 Out of town Greenfield site (Expansion – Urban Sprawl) City Centre Brownfield site (Regeneration / Redevelopment) Slide 16
  17. 17. Time’s Up Why not try one of the other lastminuteGCSEgeographyrevision courses

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