Class checklist of revision

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Class checklist of revision

  1. 1. Economic Development What is development? Topic I know why GDP is used a measure of development I know that GDP Purchasing Power Parity (PPP) is a more representative indicator of wealth I know that other factors (as well as GDP) should be considered when assessing development I know that HDI incorporates GDP along with life expectancy and educational attainment I know that the Brandt line is a useful starting point for considering levels of development I know that the concepts of a north-south divide is outdated I know that countries move through different stages of development I know that there is a wide gap between the least developed countries and the most developed Case study: I know about a specific development where conflicts exist between economic development and environmental damage Red Amber Green Red Amber Green How can development be affected by aid? Topic I know that aid can take many different forms I know that a range of different organisations offer aid I know that to be successful, aid projects must be sustainable Economic costs, the impact on the environment and the impact on people are all important factors to consider when shaping sustainable aid projects I know that the Brandt line is a useful starting point for considering levels of development The most effective aid projects involve those receiving the aid in terms of planning and implementation Case study: I know about an aid project in a LEDC: How the aid project addresses a specific problem. This might be a consequence of a disaster or as part of a development programme The case study should include detail on which organisations are providing the aid and how the aid project is undertaken The case study should include detail on how sustainable the project will be
  2. 2. How employment is structured and what influences location Topic I know a definition of each of the 4 broad sectors of industry I know that countries at different levels of development have different employment structures I know examples of the employment structure of a range of countries from LDCs through to MEDCs I know the difference between jobs in the formal and informal sector I know that employment structures change over time I know that high technology has created a new sector of industry. This tends to be found in MEDCs I know that a range of factors influence the location of economic activity I know at least one example of each industry type and why it locates where it does Case study: I know about an industry in an LEDC I know about an industry in an MEDC Red Amber Green Red Amber Green What are multinationals and what impact do they have? Topic I know what a multinational company is I know the part these companies play in globalisation I know selected examples of multinational companies I know areas of the world where MNCs locate outside of their home country I know a range of positive impacts that MNCs bring when they locate in a new country I know a range of negative impacts that MNCs bring when they locate in a new country I know that multinational companies have their home base and headquarters in MEDCs Case study I know about an MNC in an international context
  3. 3. Rivers and Coasts Rivers Topic I know all the stores and flows in the hydrological cycle I understand how water flows through the land to rivers in the drainage basin system I know the main processes of weathering, erosion, transportation and deposition and how these are found in rivers I understand how the features along the river are formed Case study: I know the name of a river valley and the landforms within it Red Amber Green Red Amber Green Red Amber Green Flooding Topic I understand the different causes of flooding: physical and human I know how the effects of flooding can be different in places with different characteristics I know how rivers can be managed to reduce the risk of flooding sustainably and that some strategies are more sustainable than others Case study: I know the causes and effects of flooding in an MEDC I know that causes and effects of flooding in an LEDC Coasts Topic I know the main processes found at the coastline: weathering, erosion, transport and deposition I know that geology influences the types of landforms found at the coast I know how cliffs, headlands, caves, arches, stacks, beaches and spits are formed Case study: I know about one area of coast and what landforms are found there
  4. 4. Protecting the coastline Topic I know why coastal areas are vulnerable to erosion I understand why coastlines need protection I know how coastal areas are managed using hard engineering techniques I understand how coastal areas can be managed in a sustainable way Case study: I know about an area of coastline that is managed, including: Reasons for protection Measures taken Effects (physical and human) Conflicts Red Amber Green
  5. 5. Natural Hazards Overview Topic I know how to define a natural hazard I know that different types of natural hazard have specific global distributions I know that the movement of tectonic plates cause earthquakes and volcanoes I know that climatic conditions lead to tropical storms and severe drought Red Amber Green Red Amber Green Red Amber Green The causes and effects of volcanic eruptions Topic I know that volcanic eruptions can vary in intensity and type I know details about specific volcanoes in LEDCs and MEDCs I know that LEDCs are less well prepared for eruptions. They often rely on aid when they occur I know that MEDCs are well prepared for eruptions, but the damage can still be severe I know a variety of ways in which people can prepare for volcanic eruptions I know that eruptions have economic, social and environmental impacts I know what short-term impacts are I know that a long-term recovery programme is often necessary Case study: I know about a volcanic event in an LEDC I know about a volcanic event in an MEDC The causes and effects of earthquakes Topic I know that earthquakes can vary in intensity and magnitude I know details about specific earthquakes in LEDCs and MEDCs I know that LEDCs are less well prepared for earthquakes. They often rely on aid when they occur I know that MEDCs are well prepared for earthquakes, but the damage can still be severe I know a variety of ways in which people can prepare for earthquakes I know how countries respond to the immediate effects of an earthquake I know how important it is to plan a long-term recovery
  6. 6. programme I know why people continue to live in areas prone to earthquakes Case study: I know about an earthquake event in an LEDC I know about an earthquake event in an MEDC The causes and effects of drought Topic I know that drought can be short-lived, but that it can also last for extended periods I know that the severity of the effects of drought is dependent on where it occurs I know the causes of drought I know that LEDCs struggle to cope with severe drought, but that some measures can be taken to reduce the impact I know that MEDCs are experiencing drought on a more regular basis, and that they are beginning to introduce measures to reduce the effects Case study: I know about a drought in an LEDC I know about a drought in an MEDC Red Amber Green Red Amber Green The causes and effects of tropical storms Topic I know the physical factors that allow a tropical storm to develop I know that they are seasonal and that the vary in strength I know that they are called different things in different parts of the world I know that the impact of tropical storms is dependent in where they strike I know that MEDCs have well developed warning systems and sophisticated emergency response systems I know that LEDCs have less developed warning systems and their response systems are more limited Case study: I know about a tropical storm in an LEDC I know about a tropical storm in an MEDC
  7. 7. Population and settlement Summary Topic I can define population structure I know what birth rates and death rates are I can explain the factors that affect birthday and death rates I understand how birthday rates and death rates change over time and I can create a demographic transition model I can describe a population pyramid I know what population pyramids can tell us about the needs of a population Red Amber Green Red Amber Green Red Amber Green Red Amber Green Population change – consequences and management Topic I can define population change I know that birth rates and death rates affect population change I can explain why population change can lead to overpopulation I know what population policies are I can describe different types of population policy I can explain how a population policy can reduce overpopulation Case study: I know about the population policies in a country Migration and urbanisation Topic I know that push and pull factors influence migration I understand why people move from rural areas to live in cities I know ways that urbanisation can be managed I know what counter-urbanisation is Case studies: I know about the pattern of migration within a country I know about the pattern of migration between countries I know about inward migration of workers into a country Changing land use Topic I understand how retail provision changes over time I know what ‘land use’ is
  8. 8. I understand how and why land use is changing in cities I know what the problems and challenges in city areas are I know how city development can be made more sustainable I understand how the pattern of land use changes in a city I understand the relationship between the provision of goods and services and the population and size of settlements Case study: I can name a city and describe the changes occurring within it Retail Topic I understand the case for out of town shopping centres I understand the case against edge of town shopping centres I understand the need to redevelop central areas I understand the case against developing central areas Case study: Which is the best form of development for an urban area? Red Amber Green

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