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Sam Rashkin - Energy Star

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  • 1. SOCALGREEN CONFERENCE SYMPOSIUM SEPTEMBER 2, 2010 ENERGY STAR Qualified Homes Version 3: Assured Performance with Every Labeled Home Is Good Business
  • 2. ENERGY STAR QUALIFIED HOMES VERSION 3 OUTLINE • The Product: Dissecting the Home Purchase • The Context: Energy Star in a ‘Green’ World • The Industry: The New Normal • The Business Case: Addressing New Normal • The Metrics: Why Energy Star = Good Policy
  • 3. THE PRODUCT DISSECTING THE HOME PURCHASE • Home = Lifestyle Liability • Building Science = Investment + Performance • Renewable Power = Investment + BOH
  • 4. THE CONTEXT: ENERGY STAR FOR HOMES vs. GREEN ENERGY STAR Green Programs for Homes for Homes Voluntary Recognizes Builders Label Web Site, Marketing, Awards
  • 5. THE CONTEXT: ENERGY STAR FOR HOMES vs. GREEN ENERGY STAR Green Programs for Homes for Homes Voluntary Recognizes Builders Label Web Site, Marketing, Awards Defines Efficient Offers Flexibility Predominantly Mandatory Points Binary Multiple Tiers
  • 6. THE CONTEXT: ‘GREEN’ BEGINS WITH ‘BLUE’ Resource Efficiency •Water Indoor •Materials Environment •Waste Energy •Source Control •Recycling •Ventilation •Land Efficiency •Filtration •Renewables •Air Flow •Thermal Flow •Moisture Flow •Equipment
  • 7. THE CONTEXT: THE NEW NORMAL • Smaller Universe of Buyers • You Can’t Compete on Price • High-Performance Train Left the Station • A New Technology Changes Everything
  • 8. LOW COST INFRARED CAMERAS
  • 9. OBSOLETE COMPETITION
  • 10. SELLING RETROFITS MADE EASY Air barrier and No air barrier insulation aligned
  • 11. THE CONTEXT: THE NEW NORMAL In other words… Granite Counters and 10’ Ceilings won’t Get ‘er Done!
  • 12. THE BUSINESS CASE: THE ENERGY STAR HOMES BUSINESS A voluntary labeling program that: • Defines Energy Efficient • Recognizes Builders
  • 13. THE BUSINESS CASE: BUSINESS QUESTION… If ENERGY STAR for Homes is the solution… What’s the Problem?
  • 14. PROBLEM: HOMES THAT FAIL Affordable Comfortable Healthy Durable Control Control Control Air Flow Thermal Flow Moisture Flow (Vapor, Bulk)
  • 15. SOLUTION: HOMES THAT WORK Affordable Comfortable Healthy Durable Control Control Control Air Flow Thermal Flow Moisture Flow (Vapor, Bulk)
  • 16. Affordable Defining Energy Efficient Comfortable Healthy Durable Control Control Control Moisture Flow Efficient 3rd Party Air Flow Thermal Flow Vapor Bulk Equipment Verification
  • 17. Affordable Defining Energy Efficient Comfortable Healthy Durable Control Control Control Moisture Flow Efficient 3rd Party Air Flow Thermal Flow Vapor Bulk Equipment Verification Water Man. Efficient Thermal Air Sealing Air Sealing Air Sealing Construction HVAC Enclosure Building Efficient HVAC Sys. Tight Ducts Tight Ducts Tight Ducts Materials WH System Quality Air Barriers Air Barriers Air Barriers Efficient Water Man. Lgtg./Appl. System Pressure Low-E HVAC Right-Sizing Balancing Windows Quality Inst. Insulataion Ventilation R-Value Insulation Dehumid. in Alignment Hot/Humid Insulation Installation Min.Thermal Bridging
  • 18. IF ENERGY STAR QUALIFIED HOMES IS THE SOLUTION, WHAT’S THE PROBLEM? Solution Problem Low Hanging Fruit Missing Energy Star V.1 Lack of Verification Infrastructure
  • 19. Affordable Defining Energy Efficient Comfortable Healthy Durable Control Control Control Moisture Flow Efficient 3rd Party Air Flow Thermal Flow Vapor Bulk Equipment Verification Efficient Inspect Air Sealing Air Sealing Air Sealing HVAC Features Test Tight Ducts Tight Ducts Tight Ducts Infiltration Insulation R-Value 1996 Low-E Test Duct V.1 Windows Leakage
  • 20. IF ENERGY STAR QUALIFIED HOMES IS THE SOLUTION, WHAT’S THE PROBLEM? Solution Problem Low Hanging Fruit Missing Energy Star V.1 Lack of Verification Infrastructure Energy Star V.2 Lack of Initial Building Science
  • 21. Affordable Defining Energy Efficient Comfortable Healthy Durable Control Control Control Moisture Flow Efficient 3rd Party Air Flow Thermal Flow Vapor Bulk Equipment Verification Efficient Inspect Air Sealing Air Sealing Air Sealing HVAC Features Test Tight Ducts Tight Ducts Tight Ducts Infiltration Insulation R-Value 1996 Low-E Test Duct V.1 Windows Leakage Efficient Thermal Air Barriers Air Barriers Air Barriers Bypass Chk WH System 2006 Insulation Efficient Right-Sizing V.2 Alignment Lgtg./Appl.
  • 22. IF ENERGY STAR QUALIFIED HOMES IS THE SOLUTION, WHAT’S THE PROBLEM? Solution Problem Low Hanging Fruit Missing Energy Star V.1 Lack of Verification Infrastructure Energy Star V.2 Lack of Initial Building Science Energy Star V.3 Lack of Complete Building Science
  • 23. Affordable Defining Energy Efficient Comfortable Healthy Durable Control Control Control Moisture Flow Efficient 3rd Party Air Flow Thermal Flow Vapor Bulk Equipment Verification Efficient Inspect Air Sealing Air Sealing Air Sealing HVAC Features Test Tight Ducts Tight Ducts Tight Ducts Infiltration Insulation R-Value 1996 Low-E Test Duct V.1 Windows Leakage Efficient Thermal Air Barriers Air Barriers Air Barriers Bypass Chk WH System 2006 Insulation Efficient Right-Sizing V.2 Alignment Lgtg./Appl. Thermal Enclos. Chk Pressure Insulation Water Man. HVAC Ventilation HVAC Sys. Balancing Installation Construction Quality Inst. QI Chk 2011 Min.Thermal Dehumid. in Building Water Man. Bridging Hot/Humid Materials System Chk V.3
  • 24. MANDATORY REQUIREMENTS CHECKLISTS Thermal HVAC Quality Water Enclosure Installation Management System: System: System: •Air Leakage •Efficient Equipment •Roof Membranes •Insulation R-Value •Right-Sizing •Flashing •Insulation Installation •Air Distribution •WRB’s •Air Barriers •Refrigerant Charge •Fabric Filters •Thermal Bridging •Duct Installation •Capillary Breaks •High-Perf. Windows •Pressure Balancing •Drainage Layer •Ventilation •Filtration
  • 25. AIR SEALING TEST PLUS INSPECT BIG HOLES Access Chases Panels Cracks: Drywall at • Window Top Plate Openings • Door Penetrations: Openings • Ceiling Fixtures • Sill Plates • Vents • Plumbing
  • 26. AIR SEALING BYPASS AT WALL/ATTIC INTERFACE
  • 27. AIR SEALING WALL/ATTIC INTERFACE DETAIL Construction adhesive shall not be used.
  • 28. AIR SEALING WALL/ATTIC INTERFACE DETAIL
  • 29. AIR SEALING WALL/ATTIC INTERFACE DETAIL Foam seam between drywall and framing at top
  • 30. AIR BARRIERS INSULATION IS NOT AN AIR BARRIER Courtesy of Blue Grass Energy
  • 31. A CHANGING WORLD DEFECTS NO LONGER HIDDEN
  • 32. AIR BARRIERS ATTIC KNEE WALLS Hot Wall Courtesy of Building Science Corp.
  • 33. AIR BARRIRS INSET STAPLING = MISALIGNMENT
  • 34. AIR BARRIERS INSET STAPLING = MISAGLIGNMENT
  • 35. INSULATION DRAPED ON JOISTS Misalignment
  • 36. AIR BARRIERS WHY COMPLETE AIR BARRIER 130o F 100oF 90o F 70o F 70o F
  • 37. DROPPED CEILING Courtesy of Building Science Corp.
  • 38. Wind intrusion, what’s that?
  • 39. Solution? Space age material Perimeter radiant heating? No, wind intrusion.
  • 40. WIND BAFFLES AT EACH BAY
  • 41. ATTIC ACCESS PANEL PROBLEM
  • 42. AIR BARRIERS GRAVITY MAKES THINGS FALL… EVEN INSULATION
  • 43. AIR BARRIERS GARAGE/CANTILEVER FLOOR Conditioned Room Garage Ceiling Summer
  • 44. AIR BARRIERS GARAGE/CANTILEVER FLOOR Conditioned Room Garage Ceiling Winter
  • 45. AIR BARRIERS CANTILEVERED FLOOR PROBLEM Courtesy of Fort Collins Utilities
  • 46. AIR BARRIERS INSULATED FLOOR SOLUTION
  • 47. AIR BARRIERS SPRAY FOAM GARAGE CEILING
  • 48. INSULATION INSTALLATION PROBLEM Gap Void Compression Misalignment
  • 49. EFFECT OF GAPS AND SPACES ON BATT INSULATION EFFECTIVENESS 40 R-38 35 30 Net 25 Effective 20 R-30 R-Value 15 R-19 10 5 R-11 0 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 Percent of Voids in Insulation Source: Insulate and Weatherize by Bruce Harley, 2002
  • 50. Compression
  • 51. Gap Will be there for the life of the building!
  • 52. INSULATION INSTALLATION BAND JOIST INSULATION PROBLEM Misalignment Gaps Compression Voids
  • 53. INSULATION INSTALLATION BAND JOIST INSULATION SOLUTION Spray Foam
  • 54. INSULATION INSTALLATION BAND JOIST INSULATION SOLUTION SIP Panel
  • 55. THERMAL BRIDGING FRAMING PROBLEM
  • 56. THERMAL BRIDGING ADVANCED FRAMING: CORNERS Courtesy of Building Science Corp. Courtesy of Southface Institute
  • 57. THERMAL BRIDGING ADVANCED FRAMING: WALL INTERSECTIONS Advanced Framing: Ladder T – Allows insulation in exterior wall cavity at wall intersections
  • 58. THERMAL BRIDGING ADVANCED FRAMING: WALL INTERSECTIONS Continuous 2x6 behind Ladder Blocking 2x4 2x6Gap 1” Nailing Stud
  • 59. THERMAL BRIDGING ADVANCED FRAMING Courtesy of Building Science Corp.
  • 60. THERMAL BRIDGING ADVANCED FRAMING: WINDOWS & DOORS One pair of king studs One pair jack studs Additional only as needed for structural support Cripple studs as needed to maintain on-center spacing of studs
  • 61. THERMAL BRIDGING ADVANCED FRAMING: INSULATED HEADERS 72
  • 62. THERMAL BRIDGING RIGID INSULATION SHEATHING
  • 63. THERMAL BRIDGING RIGID INSULATION SHEATHING Courtesy of Building Science Corp.
  • 64. THERMAL BRIDGING STRUCTURAL INSULATION SHEATHING
  • 65. THERMAL BRIDGING ADVANCED WALL SYSTEMS ICF SIPs Double Wall
  • 66. THERMAL BRIDGING RAISED HEEL TRUSSES
  • 67. THERMAL BRIDGING RAISED HEEL TRUSS ALTERNATIVE Wind Baffle Attic Insulation Verify Depth = 75% R-Value Spray Foam Plug
  • 68. THERMAL BRIDGING RAISED PLATFORM FRAMING
  • 69. THERMAL ENCLOSURE SYSTEM VALUE PROPOSITION • Visibly better quality • Superior comfort and health • Future resale value
  • 70. MANDATORY REQUIREMENTS CHECKLISTS Thermal HVAC Quality Water Enclosure Installation Management System: System: System: •Air Leakage •Efficient Equipment •Roof Membranes •Insulation R-Value •Right-Sizing •Flashing •Insulation Installation •Air Distribution •WRB’s •Air Barriers •Refrigerant Charge •Fabric Filters •Thermal Bridging •Duct Installation •Capillary Breaks •High-Perf. Windows •Pressure Balancing •Drainage Layer •Ventilation •Filtration
  • 71. HVAC SYSTEM QUALITY INSTALLATION 14 13 Field Adjusted SEER 12 11 10 9 8 7 Typical Installation 6 11 12 13 14 15 Rated SEER Courtesy of Advanced Energy Corp.
  • 72. HVAC SYSTEM QUALITY INSTALLATION 14 13 1.5 Field Adjusted SEER e 12 rC harg .5 Pr op e o w 0 e ct Fl 11 Corr .0 uc ts 2 10 Airti ght D 5 9 ight .7 S ized R 8 7 Typical Installation 6 11 12 13 14 15 Rated SEER Courtesy of Advanced Energy Corp.
  • 73. HVAC QUALITY INSTALLATION Equipment (ACCA Manual J/S) HVAC Contractor Right-Sizing Ducts (ACCA Manual D) Matched Components Equipment Selection Sensible Heat Ratio Flow Across Coil Air Distribution Room-by-Room Air Flow Static Pressure Testing Refrigerant Charge TXV Valve
  • 74. HVAC QUALITY INSTALLATION Duct Installation Duct Installation R-8 Ducts in Attic Leakage to Outdoors and Total HERS Rater Pressure Balancing Load Design Inputs Sizing/Selection Installed Equipment Size Matching Equipment Measure Flow Across Coil Refrigerant Calculations Control Operations Verify Supply/Return Grill Counts
  • 75. Exit grille is over here !
  • 76. PRESSURE BALANCING: PROBLEM Courtesy of Building Science Corp.
  • 77. PRESSURE BALANCING: SOLUTION: TRANSFER GRILLS
  • 78. PRESSURE BALANCING: SOLUTION: TRANSFER GRILLS
  • 79. PRESSURE BALANCING: SOLUTION: JUMP DUCT
  • 80. WHOLE-HOUSE VENTILATION CONTINUOUS EXHAUST FRESH AIR DUCTED FRESH AIR SUPPLY DAMPER
  • 81. WHOLE-HOUSE VENTILATION THRU-WALL EXHAUST/SUPPLY
  • 82. WHOLE-HOUSE VENTILATION ERV AND HRV
  • 83. SPOT VENTILATION
  • 84. FILTRATION Angle frame for filter > MERV 6 Filter snug against frame with fan pressure Duct Air Flow Tight fit cover slot FAU Fan
  • 85. HVAC QUALITY INSTALLATION VALUE PROPOSITION • Get What You Pay For • Engineered Comfort - Thermal Control - Humidity Control - Noise Control • Assured Fresh/Filtered Air
  • 86. MANDATORY REQUIREMENTS CHECKLISTS Thermal HVAC Quality Water Enclosure Installation Management System: System: System: •Air Leakage •Efficient Equipment •Roof Membranes •Insulation R-Value •Right-Sizing •Flashing •Insulation Installation •Air Distribution •WRB’s •Air Barriers •Refrigerant Charge •Fabric Filters •Thermal Bridging •Duct Installation •Capillary Breaks •High-Perf. Windows •Pressure Balancing •Drainage Layer •Ventilation •Filtration
  • 87. WATER MANAGEMENT SYSTEM CONCEPT
  • 88. WATER MANAGED ROOFS Rain adds up: one inch rain on 2,000 sq. ft. roof deposits 1,250 gallons of water
  • 89. WATER MANAGED ROOFS HEAVY BITUMINOUS MEMBRANE AT EAVES AND VALLEYS
  • 90. WATER MANAGED ROOFS
  • 91. WATER MANAGED ROOFS ROOF FLASHING DETAILS
  • 92. WATER MANAGED ROOFS
  • 93. WATER MANAGED ROOFS
  • 94. WATER MANAGED WALL PROBLEM
  • 95. WATER MANAGED WALLS Approved Framing Weather Resistive Barrier Insulation Board Lath One-Coat Stucco Finish
  • 96. WATER MANAGED WALLS DRAINAGE PLANE DESIGN
  • 97. WATER MANAGED WALLS DRAINAGE PLANE DESIGN
  • 98. WINDOW FLASHING PROBLEM
  • 99. WINDOW FLASHING PROBLEM REVEALED
  • 100. WATER MANAGED WALLS BEST PRACTICE INSTALLATION WINDOW/DOOR PAN FLASHING
  • 101. WATER MANAGED WALLS WINDOW/DOOR PAN FLASHING
  • 102. WATER MANAGED FOUNDATIONS Course gravel granular drainage Poly vapor retarder/capillary break Perforated drainage pipe in gravel with fabric filter
  • 103. CAPILLARY BREAKS UNVENTED CRAWLSPACE POLY UNDER SLAB VAPOR AND RADON BARRIER
  • 104. CAPILLARY BREAKS = RADON BREAKS
  • 105. Water Management System Value Proposition • Better protection for largest investment • Lower maintenance • Healthier home
  • 106. THE BUSINESS CASE: ENERGY STAR V3 30-YR. WARRANTY Healthy Air Affordable Comfort Durability Warranty Warranty Warranty Lead-Free* $50/Month Average No Moisture Damage Asbestos-Free* Heating/Cooling Bill* to Structure* Particulates Filtered Even Room-by-Room No Thermal Defects* to 3 Microns* Temperatures* 90% UV Sunlight Mold-Free* No Outdoor Drafts* Blocked Combustion Gas-Free Outside Noise No Window 150,000 CF per Day Reduction* Condensation* Fresh/Filtered Air* No Excessive Longer Equipment VOC-Free* Humidity* Life Formaldehyde-Free* No Termite Damage to Structure* Pest-Free* Radon-Free*
  • 107. IF ENERGY STAR QUALIFIED HOMES IS THE SOLUTION, WHAT’S THE PROBLEM? Solution Problem Low Hanging Fruit Missing Energy Star V.1 Lack of Verification Infrastructure Energy Star V.2 Lack of Initial Building Science Energy Star V.3 Lack of Complete Building Science Energy Star V.4 Lack of Net-Zero Ready Definition
  • 108. Affordable Defining Net Zero-Ready Comfortable Healthy Durable Control Control Control Moisture Flow Efficient 3rd Party Air Flow Thermal Flow Vapor Bulk Equipment Verificatneion 50%> 50%> 50%> Super Eff. Efficient Inspect Air Sealing Air Sealing Air Sealing 1996 Air Sealing Air Sealing Air Sealing HVAC Features V.4 Ducts In Ducts In Ducts In Water Eff. Test Tight Ducts Tight Ducts Tight Ducts Condit. Sp. Condit. Sp. Condit. Sp. Fixtures Infiltration Insulation Insulation Eff. Water 50%>Code R-Value Distrib. 1996 Low-E Super Test Duct V.1 Windows Windows Leakage Energy Star Efficient Thermal Air Barriers Air Barriers Air Barriers Bypass Chk WH System WH System 2006 Insulation Right-Sizing Efficient Alignment Lgtg./Appl. V.2 Thermal Enclos. Chk Pressure Insulation Water Man. HVAC Ventilation HVAC Sys. Balancing Installation Construction Quality Inst. QI Chk 2011 Min.Thermal Dehumid. in Water Man. Bridging Hot/Humid System Chk V.3
  • 109. PATH TO NET-ZERO HOMES Renewable ENERGY Advanced Advanced Occupant Power STAR Technologies Design Behavior (Purchase or Version 3 On-site) EPA Indoor airPlus
  • 110. THE BUSINESS CASE: ENERGY STAR CONCEPT HOME Net-Zero Ready ~30% - 50% Less • Square Feet with 100% Function • Cooling/Heating Loads • Framing • Ducts • Plumbing • HVAC Equipment • Waste • Construction Time ~70% Less Call-Backs
  • 111. THE BUSINESS CASE: RESPONDING TO NEW NORMAL • Attract Smaller Universe of Buyers • Male Price-Based Competition Obsolete • Exceed High-Performance Expectations • Bring on the Infrared Cameras
  • 112. THE METRICS: ENERGY STAR QUALIFIED HOMES Policy: Carbon Reduction/Yr. Consumer: Savings/Yr. (Energy, $/Yr.) Business: Value/Builder Partner
  • 113. THE METRICS: NEW HOMES CARBON/SAVINGS 1200000 1,000,000 1000000 800,000 800000 Number 600,000 600000 Column 1 Cumulative Line 2 Labeled Homes 400,000 400000 Annual 200,000 200000 0 0 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 96 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 Year
  • 114. THE METRICS: NEW HOMES CARBON/SAVINGS 25 20 % Market 15 Penetration 1 10 5 0 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Year
  • 115. THE METRICS: BUILDER PARTNERS PER MONTH 300 250 200 150 ~1,000% Growth! 100 50 0 Before Soft Market After Soft Market
  • 116. Federal debt as a percentage of gross domestic product SOURCE: Congressional Budget Office | The Washington Post ‐ July 31, 2010
  • 117. THE METRICS: ENERGY STAR HOMES VS. HOME STAR ½ of 1%
  • 118. THE METRICS: RETURN ON TAX PAYER INVESTMENT 15-Year Investment: Return: $.025 Billion ~$1.5 Billion [total program costs] [consumer energy savings] ~$1 Billion [local govt. tax revenue] ~$1 Billion [non-participant savings] ~450,000 Cars [GHGC emission savings]
  • 119. HOW TO GET MORE INFORMATION On the Web at: http://www.energystar.gov/homes
  • 120. ENERGY STAR NEW SPEC TRANSITION Version Description 2.0 2006 Guidelines Version 3 Reference Design with 2.5 Air Barriers and Air Sealing Checklist Items Version 3 Reference Design with 3.0 All Checklists ENERGY STAR Concept Home 4.0 (Version 3 + EPA IAP + Adv. Techs.)
  • 121. ENERGY STAR New Homes Implementation Schedule Permit Building Completion Date Date 7/1/2010 1/1/2011 7/1/2011 1/1/2012 7/1/2012 V2.0 V2.5 V3.0 Single Family Homes Before 1/1/2011 V2.0 V3.0 Condos/Apts. in Multi-Family Buildings On or After V2.5 V3.0 1/1/2011 All Homes On or After V3.0 1/1/2012 All Homes Any Time Concept Home All Homes Version 2.0 Version 3.0 Version 2.5 Concept Home
  • 122. BUILDING SCIENCE WHY COMPLETE AIR BARRIER 30o F 50o F 30o F 70 70o F
  • 123. BUILDING SCIENCE WHY COMPLETE AIR BARRIER 130o F 100oF 90o F 70o F 70o F
  • 124. REFERENCE DESIGN: CLIMATE ZONE 5 EFFICIENT HEATING/COOLING
  • 125. REFERENCE DESIGN: CLIMATE ZONE 5 EFFICIENT ENVELOPE
  • 126. REFERENCE DESIGN: CLIMATE ZONE 5 EFFICIENT COMPONENTS
  • 127. Albuquerque Code vs. ENERGY STAR V.3 Areas Where Code More Stringent • R-21 vs. R13 Wall Insulation • Cool Roof Requirement vs. None • R-4 Hot Water Pipe Insulation vs. None • Low-Flow Faucets/Shower Heads vs. None
  • 128. Albuquerque Code vs. ENERGY STAR V.3 Areas Where ENERGY STAR More Stringent • Maximum WFA of 15% • TEC Requirements - Grade 1 Insulation Installation (Only Implied in Code) - Thermal Bridging - Air Barrier Visual Inspection - Expanded Air Barrier Alignment • Lower Air Infiltration (5 vs. 6 ACH50) • High Efficiency Furnace - 90% AFUE vs. NAECA-minimum
  • 129. Albuquerque Code vs. ENERGY STAR V.3 Areas Where ENERGY STAR More Stringent • HVAC Quality Installation Requirements - Commissioning - 6 CFM/100 sf Total Duct Leakage Requirement - ASHRAE 62.2 Ventilation - Duct Installation Visual Inspection - Pressure Balancing - Filtration (MERV 6 Filter) - Combustion Safety (direct/power vented equipment) • Water Management System
  • 130. WATER MANAGED FOUNDATION Free-draining back-fill Damproofing Perforated drainage pipe in gravel with fabric filter Poly vapor retarder/capillary break Course gravel granular drainage
  • 131. 2011 SPEC Milestones • Issue New Label • Field Guides • Nationwide Training • New QA Requirements Builder and Rater • Link with new RESNET QA Protocol • Appraisal, Mortgage, Insurance Letter
  • 132. Checklist Reference Scope of Work 3-D Detail CAD Drawing Related Trades
  • 133. Affordable Defining Energy Efficient Comfortable Healthy Durable Control Control Control Moisture Flow Efficient 3rd Party Air Flow Thermal Flow Vapor Bulk Equipment Verification Water Man. Efficient Thermal Air Sealing Air Sealing Air Sealing Construction HVAC Enclos. Chk Building Efficient HVAC Sys. Tight Ducts Tight Ducts Tight Ducts Materials WH System QI Chks Air Barriers Air Barriers Air Barriers Efficient Water Man. Lgtg./Appl. System Chk Pressure Low-E HVAC Right-Sizing Balancing Windows Quality Inst. Insulataion Ventilation R-Value Insulation Dehumid. in Alignment Hot/Humid Insulation Installation Min.Thermal Bridging
  • 134. Affordable Defining Net-Zero Ready Comfortable Healthy Durable Control Control Control Moisture Flow Efficient 3rd Party Air Flow Thermal Flow Vapor Bulk Equipment Verification 50%> 50%> 50%> Water Man. Super Eff. Efficient Thermal Air Sealing Air Sealing Air Sealing Air Sealing Air Sealing Air Sealing Construction HVAC Enclos. Chk Ducts In Ducts In Ducts In Building Energy Star Efficient HVAC Sys. Tight Ducts Tight Ducts Tight Ducts Condit. Sp. Condit. Sp. Condit. Sp. Materials WH System System QI Chks Air Barriers Air Barriers Air Barriers Efficient Water Man. Lgtg./Appl. System Chk Pressure Super Low-E HVAC Right-Sizing Balancing Windows Windows Quality Inst. Insulataion Insulation Water Eff. Ventilation R-Value 50%>Code Fixtures Insulation Dehumid. in Eff. Water Alignment Hot/Humid Distrib. Insulation Installation Min.Thermal Bridging