MOTIVATION
In this topic we will study about –
•What is Motivation?
•Concept of Motivation
•Nature of Motivation
•Role of Motivation
...
MEANING OF MOTIVATION
The term “motivation” has been derived from the word “motive” , which
means the urge to do or not to...
MAIN FEATURES OF MOTIVATION1)Motivation is a psychological phenomenon . It is an internal feeling which arise from
the nee...
NATURE OF MOTIVATION
•Based on motives
•Affected by motivating
•Goal directed behavior
•Related to satisfaction
•Person is...
Role of Motivation
•High Performance Level
•Low Employee Turnover and Absenteeism
•Acceptance of Organizational Changes
Theories of motivation
•MASLOW’S NEED HIERARCHY
•HERZBERG’S MOTIVATION – HYGIENE
THEORY

•McCLELLAND’S NEED THEORY
•EQUITY...
Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs
Herzberg’s Two-Factor Theory
Comparison
McClelland’s need theory
Equity Theory
Individuals compare their job inputs and outcomes with
those of others and then respond to eliminate any
ine...
Motivation Applications
•Designing Reward System
•Job Design
•Empowerment
•Quality of work life
•Job Satisfaction
•Morale
•Designing Reward System
The keys to developing a reward program are as follows:
•Identification of company or group goals...
Job Design
Quality of work life
Job Satisfaction
Morale
Seven Ways to Boost Employee Morale

1. Keep employees feeling their work is more than just
a job.
2. Take time to ...
Motivation and its theories
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Motivation and its theories

365

Published on

Published in: Education
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
365
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
22
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Motivation and its theories

  1. 1. MOTIVATION
  2. 2. In this topic we will study about – •What is Motivation? •Concept of Motivation •Nature of Motivation •Role of Motivation •Theories of Motivation •Motivational Applications
  3. 3. MEANING OF MOTIVATION The term “motivation” has been derived from the word “motive” , which means the urge to do or not to do something. Motivation may , therefore , be defined as the process of stimulating or inducing people to take the desired course of action. The process of motivation begins with the awareness of a need . When a person feel hungry , for example , he takes measures to satisfy his hunger . He works to earn money to buy food . Once his need for food is satisfied , he may feel a new need and will again act in order to satisfy it.
  4. 4. MAIN FEATURES OF MOTIVATION1)Motivation is a psychological phenomenon . It is an internal feeling which arise from the needs and wants of a person. 2)Motivation is a continuous process because human needs are unlimited . Satisfaction of one need give rise to another need. 3)Motivation causes goal oriented behaviour . It is a complex of forces starting and keeping a person at work. 4)It is the responsibility of every manager to motivate his employee. 5)Motivation may be positive or negative .Positive motivation means inspiring employee to work better , and appreciating a work that is well done ; in certain cases , by offering rewards or promotions . Negative motivation means forcing employee to work by threatening or punishing them.
  5. 5. NATURE OF MOTIVATION •Based on motives •Affected by motivating •Goal directed behavior •Related to satisfaction •Person is motivated in totality •Complex process
  6. 6. Role of Motivation •High Performance Level •Low Employee Turnover and Absenteeism •Acceptance of Organizational Changes
  7. 7. Theories of motivation •MASLOW’S NEED HIERARCHY •HERZBERG’S MOTIVATION – HYGIENE THEORY •McCLELLAND’S NEED THEORY •EQUITY THEORY
  8. 8. Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs
  9. 9. Herzberg’s Two-Factor Theory
  10. 10. Comparison
  11. 11. McClelland’s need theory
  12. 12. Equity Theory Individuals compare their job inputs and outcomes with those of others and then respond to eliminate any inequities. Ratio Comparison* Outcomes A < Inputs A Inputs A Inputs A *Where Outcomes B Inequity (Under-Rewarded) Inputs B Outcomes A = Outcomes A Employee’s Perception Outcomes B Equity Inputs B > Outcomes B Inequity (Over-Rewarded) Inputs B A is the employee, and B is a relevant other or referent.
  13. 13. Motivation Applications •Designing Reward System •Job Design •Empowerment •Quality of work life •Job Satisfaction •Morale
  14. 14. •Designing Reward System The keys to developing a reward program are as follows: •Identification of company or group goals that the reward program will support •Identification of the desired employee performance or behaviors that will reinforce the company's goals •Determination of key measurements of the performance or behavior, based on the individual or group's previous achievements •Determination of appropriate rewards •Communication of program to employees
  15. 15. Job Design
  16. 16. Quality of work life
  17. 17. Job Satisfaction
  18. 18. Morale Seven Ways to Boost Employee Morale 1. Keep employees feeling their work is more than just a job. 2. Take time to creatively celebrate accomplishments. 3. Grant time off to employees to pursue projects they are passionate about. 4. Mix up the company's usual way of doing things. 5. Don't forget to have fun. 6. Train employees to develop positive attitudes. 7. Offer time away from the office to do some good.
  1. A particular slide catching your eye?

    Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

×