1. BAHAN AJAR
by : Esni Singkay, S.Pd
A. When someone gives
3. - Thanks (a lot).
- Thank you very much (followed by):
- It’s very nice/ beautiful.
- It’s just what I want.
- But you really didn’t have to / You
- shouldn’t have (if the gift is not
- You are welcome.
- No problem.
- It’s OK/alright.
- Don’t mention it.
- I’m glad you like it
5. B. When someone does a
favor or helps you
6. - Thanks (a lot) for your help.
- Thanks (a lot) for helping me.
- I really appreciate your help.
- It was very kind of you to help me.
- I’m very grateful to you for your
- I’m very grateful to you for inviting
- You are welcome.
- No problem.
- That’s OK/ alright.
- Never mind.
- Forget it.
- Any time.
8. - Think nothing of it.
- I’m glad I could help.
- Don’t mention it.
- It was my pleasure/ My
- It’s no trouble at all.
9. D. Apologizing
Here are the expressions used to
apologize and their responses
(from the more formal to less
Forgive me. I’m terribly sorry about …
Please accept my apology for …
Please excuse … (e.g., my cat)
I would like to apologize for …
I apologize for …
I’m sorry. I didn’t mean to …
I’m sorry that …
That’s quite all right
I completely understand
You don’t need to apologize.
Oh, that’s all right. It can happen to
It’s not your fault.
Don’t worry about it
12. F. Personal Pronoun
To replace someone or thing that we have
mentioned and we want to use it again, we
replace it into pronoun. form pronoun we can
find the possessive.
The change of person or thing into pronoun
or possessive are as follow.
Subject Object Poss. Adj.
Thing A book
14. F. Simple Present
Simple present is used to express an action
happened at the time of speaking. The
of time used are: today, at present, on.
Adverb frequency :
1. always 5. ever
2. usually 6. once, twice
3. often 7. seldom/rarely
4. sometimes 8. never
15. 1. Present to be: it is nominal sentence (a sentence which
doesn’t have verb)
(+) S + To be (am,is,are) + noun/adjective/adverb
(-) S + To be (am,is,are) + not + noun/adjective/adverb
(+) S + To be (am,is,are) +noun/adjective/adverb + ?
16. 2. The Simple Present tense : To Be
AFFIRMATIVE NEGATIVE INTERROGATIVE
Full Short Full Short
I am I’m I am not - Am I ?
You are You’re You are not You aren’t Are You?
He is He’s He is not He isn’t Is he?
She is She’s She is not She isn’t Is she?
It is It’s It is not It isn’t Is it?
We are We’re We are not We aren’t Are we?
They are They’re They are not They are’t Are they?
This is This is not This isn’t Is this?
That is That’s That is not That isn’t Is that?
17. Present to be : its for nominal sentence ( a sentence
which doen’t have verb)
+ S + to be + noun/adjective/adverb
- S + to be + not + noun/adjective/adverb
? To be + S + noun/adjective/adverb + ?
Present with verb: it is used for verbal sentence (a
sentence which has verb)
+ S + Ves/s + O/adv
- S + do/does + not V1 + O/adv
? Do does + S + V1 + O/adv ?
18. Describing Thing and Person
A. Kind of adjectives from
- Nice - interesting
- beautiful - handsome
- dirty - friendly
19. 2. Size
- big - small
- large - tall
- high - short
- deep - thick
- tin - etc
20. 3. Age 4. Shape
- old - round
- new - rectangular
-young - square
21. 5. Colour 6. Origin 7.Material
-red - italian -plastic
-yellow - Australia - wooden
- black - American - leather
-blue - Indonesian
22. The pattern noun modifier
Article (a, an, the) + (opinion +
size + Age + Shape + colour +
origin + material) + noun
Example : - it is a beautiful tall
- This is a famous old
23. B. Noun showing Time, Day, Date,
To show the time we can use the cardinal
or ordinal number.
1. Showing Time
15’ : a quarter 1’-30’ : past (lebih)
30’ : a half 31’-59’ : to (kurang)
24. Example :
- 10.00 : ten o’clock
- 10.15 : a quarter past ten
- 10.30 : a half past ten
- 10.50 : ten to eleven
25. 2. Showing Day, Date,
- Sunday, May 1st 2008
- Saturday, April 2nd
26. C. Noun
1. Noun is devided into Singular
Noun and plural Noun
- The words “singular” means
single or only one.
The articles to show singular
nouns are : a/an/this/that/the
27. - The world “plural” means more than
The articles to show plural nouns are:
many, some, several, these, those, the
and number more than one (Two, ten,
28. a. Singular Nouns :
Examples: - a book - this pencil
- one pen - that room
- an eraser - the girl etc.
b. Plural nouns:
Examples : - some pencils
- several letters
- many books
- these novels, etc
29. 2. Some nouns have
- a child → children - a man → men
- a deer → deer - an oxe → oxen
- a mouse →mice - a fish → fish
- a woman → women
30. 3. Some nouns are concidered
plural in English
- People - scissors
- Police - spectacles
- pants - trousers
31. 4. Uncountables nouns
Some nouns are uncountable, we can’t count
uncountable nouns using number we should
use certainmeasurements for uncountable
- ink → a bottle of ink
- water → much water
- bread → a slice of bread
- milk → ten cans of milk, etc
32. D. Nation, Nationalities and
Nations indicate the country where
someone is from, of nation; indicate
Languages are indicating someone’s
Pay attention to this table!
33. No Country Nationlity Language
1 Brazil Brazilian Spanish
Nederland Holland Dutch
Germany Germany German
Italia Italian Italian
India India Hindi
Indonesia Indonesia Indonesian
Japan Japanese Japanese
China Chinese Chinese
Mexico Mexican Spanish
England English English
Malaysia Malaysian Malaysian
France French French
Spain Spanish Spanish
34. No Country Nationality Language
Saudi Arabia Arabian Arabic
Canada Canadian English/French
America American English
Australia Australian English
Singapore Singaporean English
East Timor Timorese Portugues
Russia Russian Russian
35. E. Profession
It’s someone’s job. It has relation with someone’s
doing to get money, to earn their living.
- A journalist : someone who make a writing
report to be a news
- A typist : someone who type some letters at
- A teacher : Someone who teach the students