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Korean food, clothing, sports, religion, etc

Korean food, clothing, sports, religion, etc

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  • 1. Korean Culture
    • Ms. Erin Esford
    • Global History & Geography
  • 2. I. Korean Food
    • Korean food consists of many small dishes usually a variety of vegetables and plenty of rice.
    • At times meat will be served that’s usually marinated and is sometimes called Korean BBQ.
    • Koreans also enjoy several types of fish.
    • Traditionally, Koreans sit on the floor and eat with chopsticks.
  • 3. Kimchi
    • Fermented dish made of vegetables
    • The most common dishes are pickled cabbage, cucumbers, or radishes
    • It is also the most common side dish
    • Many times kimchi is featured in soups, rice, and stews
    • Kimchi is stored and fermented in large jars outside of the home
  • 4. Common Ingredients
    • Red chili paste, bean paste, and soy bean paste
    • Ginger, garlic, salt
    • Sesame oil & soy sauce
    • short grain rice
    • Pepper flakes
  • 5. Famous Dishes
    • Bibimbap- plenty of vegetables including bean sprouts, spinach, mushrooms, cucumbers, onions, carrots, and one fried egg
    • Korean chicken ginseng soup- to cool & rejuvenate the body during summer
  • 6. Korean Barbeque
    • The sirloin beef is marinated in sesame oil, ginger, soy sauce, pepper, and garlic
    • Cook on the BBQ, and then spread red bean paste and rice over a piece of lettuce and ENJOY!
  • 7. II. Clothing
    • Hanbok - Traditional clothing 57 BC- 667 AD
    • Jeogori - top blouse with long sleeves
    • Upper class wore vibrant colors to show their status
  • 8. Traditional Hanbok
    • The Upper class wore lots of red, yellow, blue, black
    • These represent- fire, earth, water, metal, and wood
    • Commoners wore white except for festivals and special occasions
  • 9. Male Hanbok
  • 10. Modern Clothing
    • Many Koreans dress up for work or school
    • Many Korean schools require uniforms to help students focus on academics and not fashion
    • More and more American fashions are making their way to Korea. On the weekends, Koreans wear jeans, tee-shirts, and the latest fashions.
  • 11. III. Beliefs & Values
    • Korea is very religiously diverse
    • 23% of Koreans are Buddhist
    • 29% are Christian
    • Many Koreans do not officially have a religion however, they have many morals mostly originating from Confucianism
  • 12. Buddhist Temples
    • Buddhism culturally diffused from China in 527 BC and was adopted by the Shilla kingdom
    • Several temples are built throughout Korea and differ based on the sect of Buddhism practiced.
    • Some temples display prayer flags to remind people why they made a journey to the temple.
  • 13. Buddhist Bell
    • The bell’s function is to drive away evil spirits
    • The sound the bell makes is the Buddha teaching dharma or the duties of every Buddhist
    • The bell symbolizes the attainment of wisdom and the understanding of emptiness
  • 14. Buddhism & the Dharma Wheel
    • The major beliefs in Buddhism are the Four Noble Truths and the Eight fold Path
    • The wheel or dharma wheel represents the path of Buddhism
    • The eight spokes represent the right behaviors or Eight fold Path to reach nirvana
  • 15. Buddhism
    • Buddhism is a major religion or philosophy in Korea
    • Several temples are dedicated to Buddha and serve as a place to worship, pray, and meditate
  • 16. Christianity
    • About 18% of Koreans are Protestant consisting mostly of Presbyterian and Methodist, introduced in 1784
    • About 11% of Koreans are Roman Catholic which historical was introduced by the French in 1784
    • Korea is the second largest Christian community in all of Asia
  • 17. Confucianism
    • Confucianism serves as more of a philosophy or way of life rather than a religion in Korea
    • Confucianism was most influential during the Choson Dynasty and continues to impact Korea today
    • People are taught to respect their elders called filial piety and education is extremely important
    • People are taught that everyone has responsibilities based on their age and/or gender, all people should be good citizens, and overall people should do the right thing
  • 18. Confucian Exams
    • In ancient times, men of all ages competed for government jobs by taking exams.
    • These civil service exams were based on the life of Confucius, his teachings, and modeled after the Chinese exams.
    • Men studied for years to take and pass these exams in order to obtain the honor to work for the government.
    • The exams were given three times a year and your teacher gained great honor if his pupil passed the exam.
    • Even today, Korea honors their yangban or government officials from the past and have placed them on their currency.
  • 19. V. Korean Entertainment- Baseball
    • Going to the ball park in Korea is an exciting experience
    • Everyone cheers for their team and beats their thunder sticks when a great play happens
    • Buy some squid, sushi, or KFC and it will be a true Korean Baseball game
  • 20. Korean Baseball Organization was founded in 1981
    • Fans cheer for favorite teams such as the Lotte Giants, Samsung Lions, LG Twins, Doosan Bears, Kia Tigers
    • The most famous player is Lee Da- Ho. He made a world record by hitting a home run in nine consecutive games.
  • 21. Shopping
    • Many Koreans love to shop at outdoor markets including Dongdaemun & Insadong Market
    • They have everything from shoes to shirts to toys and food.
  • 22. V. Education
    • Koreans believe that education is the key to success.
    • A great education means you will earn yourself a wonderful and rewarding job in which you can provide for your family and be an intricate part of the Korean economic boom.
    • Education is stressed in the home and many believe that Confucianism is the driving force behind this success driven society.
  • 23. Levels of Education
    • Primary school- 6 years
    • Middle school- 3 years
    • High school- 3 years
    • General High School, vocational high school, science high school, or specialized high school
    • You must be accepted into a particular high school, therefore your grades are key
  • 24. Education is EXTREMELY Important
    • Many Korean families push their children to achieve and want them to attend college and earn a degree
    • Course grades in the five topics including health, expression, language, exploration, society affect your college opportunities.
  • 25. VI. Occupations
    • As with any country, Korea has several occupations to choose from
    • Many people choose to work for one of the three major companies; Hyundai, LG, or Samsung
    • Others become teachers and gain enormous respect
    • All boys must serve in the military for two years and some men make this a career
  • 26. Industries Rule South Korea
    • Samsung produces cell phones, TV’s, flash drives, and computers
    • LG produces several TV’s and cell phones
    • These industries offer excellent benefits including competitive salaries and college scholarships
  • 27. Hyundai Heavy Industries
    • Hyundai Industries was founded in 1968
    • Today they manufacture cars, large ships, and heavy machinery
    • In 2000 they merged with Kia Motors
    • They sell cars all over the world
    • Their employers are paid well and enjoy several benefits
    • As a conglomerate, Hyundai also owns gas stations, middle and high schools, and even colleges and hotels in cities they have manufacturing facilities