Vanguardias

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  • 1. VANGUARDIAS: MOVIMIENTOS REVOLUCIONARIOS CON CARACTERISTICAS DELIMITABLES SIGLO XX
  • 2. Las Vanguardias Históricas
    • / Inicios de Duchamp: impresionismo, fauvismo, cubismo / Dada y la crisis de la pintura “retiniana” / El Gran Vidrio / Los Ready-mades /
    • 2ª Guerra Mundial: Duchamp en Nueva York / Auge del Surrealismo / La Escuela de NY y los inicios del Pop / Étant Donnés / Malevich y el Suprematismo / Joseph Beuys y el espíritu de la Postguerra / Andy Warhol / Inicios del Arte Conceptual y Minimalismo / Bruce Nauman y el Postmodernismo / Robert Gober, Richard Prince, Matt Mullican / Erwin Wurm, Hans Haacke, Gillaume Bijl / El otro 1er Mundo: Jimmie Durham, David Hammons, Ken Lum, William Pope L / Helio Oiticica y el conceptualismo en Latinoamérica / Francis Alÿs, Gabriel Orozco
    • / Las nuevas vanguardias: Pierre Huyghe, Urs Fischer
  • 3. RECURSOS
    • REFLEXION
    • RENOVACION
    • REACCION A LA DECADENCIA
    • CONFLICTO CON LA REPRESENTACION DE LA NATURALEZA
  • 4.
    • RETORNO AL INICIO – PRIMITIVISMO
    • AMPLIACION DE LOS ESTADOS DE CONSCIENCIA REPRESENTABLES
  • 5. FAUVISMO
    • PARIS – 1905
    • INDEPENDENCIA DEL COLOR SOBRE EL OBJETO
    • DELINEADO GRUESO
    • ESTETICISMO RENOVADO
    • SUPRESION DEL REFERENTE
    • ***TEMATICA IMPRESIONISTA
  • 6. REPRESENTANTES
    • HENRI MATISSE ( 1869 – 1954)
    • ANDRE DERAIN ( 1880 – 1954)
  • 7. CUBISMO
    • 1908 – CRITICO LOUIS VAUXCELLES
    • LO ACUÑA PARA DEFINIR LA OBRA DE BRAQUE
    • DESCOMPOSICION Y RECOMPOSICION DE LOS CUERPOS EN FIGURAS GEOMETRICAS
  • 8. ETAPAS
    • ANALITICO - 1908 - PICASSO
      • Descomposición de la figura
      • Está caracterizado por el uso de una gama monocromática de color y formas planas y fragmentadas
    • COLLAGES - 1912 - BRAQUE
    • SINTETICO – 1914 – GRIS
      • Unión de diversos planos
      • El color y la decoración juegan un papel más importante
  • 9. REPRESENTANTES
    • GEORGE BRAQUE (1882 – 1963) FRANCES **MATISSE**CEZANNE
    • PABLO PICASSO
    • JUAN GRIS
  • 10. PABLO RUIZ Y PICASSO (1881 – 1973)
    • Tête de Femme by the 20th-century artist Pablo Picasso is painted in the cubist style.
    • The surface is broken into a series of small, flat planes of color that create a sense of form and light.
    • Picasso’s interest in African mask work can be seen in his handling of the woman’s face, which is flattened and stylized.
  • 11. Juan Gris (1887 Madrid -1927),
    • Originally named José Vittoriano González
  • 12. VERTIENTES
    • ARTE CINETICO
      • MAQUINISMO : FERNAND LEGER (1881 – 1955)
      • ORFISMO : ROBERT DELAUNAY ( 1855 – 1941)
    • SECCION DORADA : (nombre de la exposición organizada en 1912)
      • MARCEL DUCHAMP ( 1887 – 1968)
  • 13. SECCION DORADA
    • PITAGORAS
    • RENACIMIENTO – PROPORCION DIVINA
    • AC/AB = CB/AC
    • A_________C______B
      • .618 - .382
  • 14. Fernand Léger (1881-1955)
    • French painter, who influenced cubism, constructivism, and the modern commercial poster and other types of applied art.
    • Reduce la figura a esquemas mecánicos
    • Inicia la participación de la idea de movimiento en la obra.
  • 15.
    • Women in an Interior
    • (1921)
    • by French painter Fernand Léger
    • Musée National d’Art Moderne in Paris, France
    • Demonstrates the belief of the artist that geometric shapes such as the cube, the sphere, and the cone underlie everything in nature.
  • 16. Marcel Duchamp (1887-1968),
    • French-born American artist whose work had a major impact on the direction of 20th-century art.
    • By presenting unaltered, everyday objects as sculpture, Duchamp radically changed the course of modern art.
    • He also helped introduce the European art movements of cubism and dada to the United States, and was influential in the surrealist movement of the 1920s and 1930s.
    • His emphasis on the intellectual aspects of art influenced many succeeding artists, especially those connected with the 1960s art movement known as conceptual art.
  • 17. Nude Descending a Staircase, No. 2 (1912), by French artist Marcel Duchamp synthesis of two modern-art styles: cubism and futurism. In creating this painting, he may have been influenced by Eadweard Muybridge’s experiments with movement. When it was shown in the famous 1913 Armory Show in New York, the painting created a sensation because it was considered too radical.
  • 18. Click image for enlargement
  • 19.
    • a urinal submitted collaboratively with American artist Joseph Stella to a 1917 New York City exhibition of the Society of Independent Artists.
    • Entitled Fountain (1917, original lost) and signed with the pseudonym R. Mutt, Duchamp wrote of it soon after,
    • "Whether Mr. Mutt with his own hands made the fountain or not has no importance. He CHOSE it," and thereby "created a new thought for that object."
  • 20. LA NOVIA PUESTA AL DESNUDO POR SUS SOLTEROS, AUN… 1915 – 1923 (FILADELFIA, MUSEO DE ARTE) 2.77 X 1.75 CMS ENTRE 2 PLACAS DE CRISTAL (EL GRAN VIDRIO)
  • 21.
    • EL DOMINIO DE LA NOVIA:
      • LA NOVIA – VESTIMENTA DE LA NOVIA – REFRIGERADOR – HORIZONTE – VIA LACTEA – PISTON – 9 ATRAIDOS – SOMBRAS PROYECTADAS – IMAGEN REFLEJADA – MAQUINISTA DE LA GRAVEDAD
    • APARATO DE LOS SOLTEROS:
      • 9 SOLTEROS – VASOS CAPILARES – SALTO DE AGUA – MOLINO DE AGUA – RUEDA DE MOLINO – CARRO – CORREDERA – MOLINILLO DE CHOCOLATE – CHASIS – RODILLOS – CORBATA – BAYONETA – TIJERA – TAMIZ – BOMBA EN ESPIRAL – TOBOGAN – 3 SALPICADURAS – PESOS MOVILES CON 9 AGUJEROS – TESTIGOS OCULARES – CUADROS DE OCULISTA – BOLA DE COMBATE – COMBATE DE BOXEO – 2 ARIETES – EFECTO WILSON-LINCOLN
  • 22. Robert Delaunay (1885-1941),
    • Pintor francés, pionero del arte abstracto en los inicios del siglo XX.
    • En 1912 se retiró del cubismo para concentrarse en formas circulares de colores brillantes.
    • El término orfismo fue acuñado por Apollinaire para designar el estado puro de la pintura de este autor.
  • 23. FUTURISMO
    • MANIFIESTO DE MARINETTI
    • REPRESENTANTES
    • UMBERTO BOCCIONI (1882 – 1916)
  • 24. EXPRESIONISMO
    • RENOVACION POLITICA Y SOCIAL EN ALEMANIA
      • Inconformismo
      • Oposición al impresionismo (superficial)
      • Interés económico
    • MULTIDISCIPLINARIEDAD
      • Apertura hacia todo tipo de disciplinas
    • 3 GENERACIONES
  • 25. CARACTERISTICAS
    • SUBJETIVIDAD TOTAL
    • VIOLENCIA TECNICA
    • TEMATICA MORBOSA O FANTASTICA
  • 26. PRIMER GENERACION
    • EL PUENTE
    • 1905
    • “… TODO AQUEL QUE COMUNIQUE CON FRANQUEZA Y AUTENTICIDAD LO QUE LE IMPULSA A LA CREACION ES DE LOS NUESTROS…”
  • 27. EDVARD MUNCH (1863 – 1944)
    • PADRE DEL EXPRESIONISMO
    • NORUEGO
      • CURVAS SINUOSAS
      • COLORIDO ARBITRARIO
      • OBSESION POR LA ENFERMEDAD Y LA MUERTE
      • “ Illness, insanity and death are the black angels that kept watch over my cradle and accompanied me all my life” - Edvard Munch
  • 28.
    • autorretrato
  • 29. In Berlin during the 1890s he executed a series of pictures called The Frieze of Life, described by himself as 'a poem of life, love and death'. The Scream from this series - with its strong expression of conflict and tension - has become the very symbol of the alienation of modern man.
  • 30.
    • el beso
  • 31. 2DA. GENERACION
    • EL JINETE AZUL – GRUPO CONSTITUIDO EN 1911 EN MUNICH
    • ES EL NOMBRE DE UN CUADRO DE V. KANDINSKY PINTADO EN 1903 Y MAS TARDE SERA EL NOMBRE DEL ALMANAQUE/MANIFIESTO DEL MOVIMIENTO
    • EN 1912 ,KANDINSKY PUBLICA “DE LO ESPIRITUAL AL ARTE”
  • 32. OBJETIVO DEL ARTE:
    • REVOLUCIONAR
    • AL
    • ESPIRITU
  • 33. APORTACIONES
    • 1.- CONSISTENCIA TEORICA
    • 2.- EVOLUCION PLASTICA
      • DESDE LA REPRESENTACION HASTA LA ABSTRACCION
  • 34. LIDERES
      • Wassily Kandinsky (Ruso)
      • Franz Marc
      • (Alemán)
      • Paul Klee
      • (Suizo)
  • 35. Wassily Kandinsky (1866-1944)
    • Su exploración de las posibilidades de la abstracción lo convirtieron en uno de los más importantes innovadores del arte del siglo XX
    • Tanto como artista como teórico.
  • 36.
    • LA RELACION ENTRE POESIA Y PINTURA LE DA PASO A LA DE LA MUSICA CON LA PINTURA
    • “… EL OBJETO PERJUDICA MI CUADRO…” V.K.
    • EL TEMA PIERDE IMPORTANCIA PARA CEDERLA AL COLOR
      • FUERTE
      • LIBRE
      • VIOLENTO
      • REAL
  • 37.
    • Improvisation 28 (second version) was painted by Russian artist Wassily Kandinsky in 1912. Kandinsky used energetic color and form to express the spiritual content of his work. He was also a musician and saw a connection between the visual arts and music, which he attempted to convey in paintings such as this one.
  • 38. Composición IV (1911)
  • 39. 1924 Contrasting Sounds
  • 40. Franz Marc (1880 – 1916)
    • PADRE PINTOR PAISAJISTA / MADRE OPRESIVA
    • 1900-1903 : ESTUDIOS DE ARTE
    • 1903 : PARIS-IMPRESIONISTAS
    • 1905 : DEPRESION
    • 1906 : VIAJE A GRECIA
    • 1907 : ACTIVIDAD AGOTADORA EN MUNICH COMPROMISO MATRIMONIAL ROTO
    • 1908 : PARIS – FAUVISTAS
    • 1909 : ANATOMIA ANIMAL
    • 1910 : AUGUSTE MACKE
    • 1911 : KANDINSKY
    • 1912 : DELAUNAY
  • 41.
    • Blue Horse I
    • 1911 Oil on canvas 112.5 x 84.5 cm Stadtische Galerie im Lenbachhaus, Munich
    • Marc CREÍA QUE LAS FORMAS ANIMALES ERAN MAS BELLAS QUE LAS HUMANAS
    • SUS PINTURAS REFLEJAN SU CREENCIA FILOSOFICA REFERENTE A LA CONECCION ESPIRITUAL CON LA NATURALEZA.
  • 42. Deer in the Woods II 1912 Oil on canvas 110.5 x 80.5 cm Stadtische Galerie im Lenbachhaus, Munich
  • 43. Fighting Forms 1914 91 x 131 cm Staatsgalerie moderner Kunst, Munich
  • 44. PAUL KLEE (1879-1940)
    • EL MUNDO ES UNA CREACION DE UN RELOJERO COSMICO
    • EXISTEN EQUIVALENTES VISUALES A ESTADOS ESPIRITUALES
    • EL PRIMITIVISMO Y LA SABIDURIA INFANTIL SON ESENCIALES
    • SIMBOLOS Y METAFORAS
      • SE APROXIMA A MIRO
  • 45.
    • NACE CERCA DE BERNA, SUS PADRES SON MUSICOS
    • ESTUDIA MUSICA Y EN 1902 VIAJA POR ITALIA, VISITA PARIS Y BERLIN
    • 1906 - SE CASA CON UNA PIANISTA Y SE INSTALA EN MUNICH : INICIA SU CARRERA EXPRESIONISTA
    • 1911 : EXPONE CON EL JINETE AZUL
    • 1912 : CONOCE A DELAUNAY EN PARIS, ADMIRA A PICASSO Y BRAQUE
    • 1914 : VIAJA A TUNEZ Y DESCUBRE EL VERDADERO COLOR
    • 1920 : EXPONE 362 OBRAS EN MUNICH
    • 1924 : EXPONE EN NEW YORK
    • 1925 : INCURSIONA EN EL SURREALISMO
    • 1933 : PROBLEMAS CON EL GOBIERNO NAZI (ARTE DEGENERADO)
  • 46. CIUDAD DE ENSUEÑO 1914
  • 47. PARQUE DE IDOLOS CABEZA DE UN HOMBRE 1922
  • 48. OSKAR KOKOSCHKA (1886 – 1980)
    • AUSTRIACO, SE EDUCA ENTRE VIENA Y BERLIN, ESCRIBE Y PINTA
    • 1913 : VIAJA A VENECIA, CONOCE LA OBRA DE TINTORETO (1518-1594)
    • VIAJERO CONSTANTE
    • RETRATISTA, PAISAJISTA, PROTESTA POLITICA ANTI-NAZISTA
    • 1938 – ARTE DEGENERADO
    • 1940 – EXPOSICION EN N.Y.
    • 1958 : HOMENAJE INTERNACIONAL – 682 OBRAS
  • 49. LEDA Y EL CISNE tintoreto c. 1555 Oil on canvas 147.5 x 147.5 cm (58 x 58 in.) Uffizi, Florence
  • 50. Suzanna at Her Bath c. 1560 167 x 238 cm Musee du Louvre
  • 51. IL DUOMO DE FLORENCIA kokoschka
  • 52. LA ESPOSA DEL VIENTO 1914 181 X 220 BASILEA KUNST MUSEUM
  • 53.  
  • 54.  
  • 55. BAUHAUSE
    • An institute established in 1919 by Gropius from the old Weimar Academy of Fine Arts and the Weimar School of Arts and Crafts .
    • Gropius's aim was to unify the teaching of all the arts under the umbrella of design and with an eye to producing for the machine age.
  • 56. DADAISMO
    • MOVIMIENTO ANTI-ARTE BASADO EN UNA ETICA NIHILISTA
    • SORPRESA, POLEMICA, ESCANDALO, EXPERIMENTACION, AGRESION, VIOLENCIA, INSULTO, HUMOR
  • 57.
    • PODEMOS DIFERENCIAR 3 TENDENCIAS:
      • CRITICA SOCIAL
      • CRITICA POLITICA
      • CRITICA A LA RACIONALIDAD
    • AL NEGAR EL ARTE, ABREN LAS POSIBILIDADES A
      • FOTOMONTAJE
      • COLLAGE
      • PINTOESCULTURA
      • READY MADE
      • MATERIALES NUNCA ANTES USADOS (BASURA)
  • 58.
    • Tzara, Tristan (1896-1963),
    • French essayist and poet, born in Romania, known primarily as the founder of the Dada movement .
    • First in Zürich, Switzerland, and later in Paris, Tzara wrote the movement's first manifestos, describing its nihilistic tenets.
    • By 1930, however, he abandoned the pessimism and sterility of Dadaism and became interested in surrealism.
    • He joined the French Resistance during World War II, and following the war he turned his poetic insight toward the more realistic problems of humankind.
  • 59. MARX ERNST (1891-1976 ) The Kiss (Le Baiser), 1927. Oil on canvas, 129 x 161.2 cm. Peggy Guggenheim Collection.
  • 60. The Hat Makes the Man . 1920. Gouache, pencil, ink, and cut-and-pasted collotypes, (35.6 x 45.7 cm). MOMA "seed-covered stacked-up man seedless waterformer (‘edelformer') well-fitting nervous system also tightly fitted nerves! (the hat makes the man) (style is the tailor),"
  • 61. Napoleon in the Wilderness . (1941) Oil on canvas, 18 1/4 x 15" (46.3 x 38.1 cm) The Museum of Modern Art, New York.
  • 62. JOAN MIRO (1893-1983) Personage Throwing a Stone at a Bird
  • 63. Carnival of Harlequin
  • 64. CONSTELACIONES
  • 65. MARC CHAGALL (1887 – 1985)
    • RUSO, ESTUDIA EN SU PAIS HASTA 1909
    • 1910 – SE ESTABLECE EN PARIS, CONOCE A DELAUNAY, LEGER Y APOLLINAIRE
    • 1915 – SE CASA CON SU AMOR BELLA (MUERE EN 1944 EN E.E.U.U.) VIVE EN RUSIA HASTA 1930
    • 1931 – VIAJA A PALESTINA
    • 1941 – EMIGRA A EE.UU.
    • 1948 – REGRESA DEFINITIVAMENTE A FRANCIA (SE CASA CON VALENTINE)
    • EXPOSICIONES EN N.Y., PARIS, JERUSALEN, FLORENCIA…
  • 66.
    • Écuyère aux Colombes, by the 20th-century Russian-born artist Marc Chagall, contains images used frequently by the artist. The circus rider, the violin player, and the doves are just a few of the images and symbols Chagall incorporated into his work, some of which are drawn from Russian Jewish folklore and tradition. His unique style reflects a number of art movements to which he was exposed, including expressionism, cubism, and fauvism.
  • 67.
    • The Metropolitan Opera Company relocated to the ten-story opera house in New York City’s Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts in 1966. The Metropolitan Opera House also is home to the American Ballet Theater Company. The lobby of the building contains many impressive works of art, including the Marc Chagall murals visible here through the entrance’s six-story windows. Lincoln Center’s monumental complex also houses the New York Philharmonic, the New York City Ballet, and the Juilliard School of Music.
  • 68. 1912 Adam and Eve chagall
  • 69. 1938 White Crucifixion
  • 70. Les Fiances de la Tour Eiffel The Bethrothed Marc Chagall
  • 71. GIORGIO DE CHIRICO
  • 72. ANDROMACA Giorgio de Chirico (Italian, born in Greece, (1888–1978)
  • 73. A riadne , Giorgio de Chirico (Italian, born in Greece, (1888–1978) 1913 Oil and graphite on canvas;135.6 x 180.3 cm , MET
  • 74. CANCION DE AMOR