/ Inicios de Duchamp: impresionismo, fauvismo, cubismo / Dada y la crisis de la pintura “retiniana” / El Gran Vidrio / Los Ready-mades /
2ª Guerra Mundial: Duchamp en Nueva York / Auge del Surrealismo / La Escuela de NY y los inicios del Pop / Étant Donnés / Malevich y el Suprematismo / Joseph Beuys y el espíritu de la Postguerra / Andy Warhol / Inicios del Arte Conceptual y Minimalismo / Bruce Nauman y el Postmodernismo / Robert Gober, Richard Prince, Matt Mullican / Erwin Wurm, Hans Haacke, Gillaume Bijl / El otro 1er Mundo: Jimmie Durham, David Hammons, Ken Lum, William Pope L / Helio Oiticica y el conceptualismo en Latinoamérica / Francis Alÿs, Gabriel Orozco
/ Las nuevas vanguardias: Pierre Huyghe, Urs Fischer
French-born American artist whose work had a major impact on the direction of 20th-century art.
By presenting unaltered, everyday objects as sculpture, Duchamp radically changed the course of modern art.
He also helped introduce the European art movements of cubism and dada to the United States, and was influential in the surrealist movement of the 1920s and 1930s.
His emphasis on the intellectual aspects of art influenced many succeeding artists, especially those connected with the 1960s art movement known as conceptual art.
Nude Descending a Staircase, No. 2 (1912), by French artist Marcel Duchamp synthesis of two modern-art styles: cubism and futurism. In creating this painting, he may have been influenced by Eadweard Muybridge’s experiments with movement. When it was shown in the famous 1913 Armory Show in New York, the painting created a sensation because it was considered too radical.
In Berlin during the 1890s he executed a series of pictures called The Frieze of Life, described by himself as 'a poem of life, love and death'. The Scream from this series - with its strong expression of conflict and tension - has become the very symbol of the alienation of modern man.
Improvisation 28 (second version) was painted by Russian artist Wassily Kandinsky in 1912. Kandinsky used energetic color and form to express the spiritual content of his work. He was also a musician and saw a connection between the visual arts and music, which he attempted to convey in paintings such as this one.
French essayist and poet, born in Romania, known primarily as the founder of the Dada movement .
First in Zürich, Switzerland, and later in Paris, Tzara wrote the movement's first manifestos, describing its nihilistic tenets.
By 1930, however, he abandoned the pessimism and sterility of Dadaism and became interested in surrealism.
He joined the French Resistance during World War II, and following the war he turned his poetic insight toward the more realistic problems of humankind.
MARX ERNST (1891-1976 ) The Kiss (Le Baiser), 1927. Oil on canvas, 129 x 161.2 cm. Peggy Guggenheim Collection.
The Hat Makes the Man . 1920. Gouache, pencil, ink, and cut-and-pasted collotypes, (35.6 x 45.7 cm). MOMA "seed-covered stacked-up man seedless waterformer (‘edelformer') well-fitting nervous system also tightly fitted nerves! (the hat makes the man) (style is the tailor),"
Napoleon in the Wilderness . (1941) Oil on canvas, 18 1/4 x 15" (46.3 x 38.1 cm) The Museum of Modern Art, New York.
JOAN MIRO (1893-1983) Personage Throwing a Stone at a Bird
Écuyère aux Colombes, by the 20th-century Russian-born artist Marc Chagall, contains images used frequently by the artist. The circus rider, the violin player, and the doves are just a few of the images and symbols Chagall incorporated into his work, some of which are drawn from Russian Jewish folklore and tradition. His unique style reflects a number of art movements to which he was exposed, including expressionism, cubism, and fauvism.
The Metropolitan Opera Company relocated to the ten-story opera house in New York City’s Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts in 1966. The Metropolitan Opera House also is home to the American Ballet Theater Company. The lobby of the building contains many impressive works of art, including the Marc Chagall murals visible here through the entrance’s six-story windows. Lincoln Center’s monumental complex also houses the New York Philharmonic, the New York City Ballet, and the Juilliard School of Music.