Information Literacy For Success in School and Life By Elaine Settergren, Online Librarian http://www.globeeducationnetwork.com/library/ May 2009 An Introduction to Information
What is Information Literacy?
Types of information
Globe Education Network [GEN] Library
Citation and Academic Honesty
What is Information Literacy?
Information literacy is a set of abilities enabling individuals to recognize when information is needed and to locate, evaluate, and use the needed information effectively.
Basically, Information Literacy is to know how to think critically about information: why, when, and how to use information
But it doesn’t happen overnight , your research projects and other critical thinking assignments will help you develop and polish these skills.
Why Should I Care?
Information Literacy in the “real world” is
self-directed lifelong learning
excellent critical thinking and reasoning skills
the ability to research faster and more effectively
Here’s an example:
Say you’ve been diagnosed with a rare disease. Your information literacy skills can help you learn more about it: causes, cures, side-effects of medicines, etc.
Where are you most likely to find the info you need?
Types of sources include (but are not limited to):
They all have their unique strengths and uses
Seeking Information: Info Cycles
For more info and explanations see http://www.lib.washington.edu/uwill/research101/infocycle_00.htm
Based on http://www.lib.washington.edu/uwill/research101/intro02.htm
Types of Information
Different types of sources are good for different uses
hard facts, scientific evidence, and research findings
“ scholarly communication ” – for scholars by scholars about research
rigid with citation – all sources must be properly cited
Industry news and practical advice
written for professionals / workers by professionals
purpose: to keep professionals informed
mention research, but often don’t cite
personal or human side of an issue
popular culture and trends
written for general public by editors/ journalists
purpose: entertain or inform
rarely cite anything . No bibliographies.
The GEN Library
Use the library website to access all the library research and help tools
– there is also a link from your Blackboard course.
Login to the library databases/ebooks with the same username and password that you use for your email
Password: last 4 digits of your Social Security #
The GEN Library
Library Tools and Resources:
Databases –> for finding articles and more
Books and Ebooks
Librarian contact info -> ask us questions!
GEN Library: Databases
Databases contain articles from e-journals and many other types of info (i.e. e-books and parts of e-books, images, podcasts, reports, etc.).
When you need an article , search in a database .
Many databases will help you cite your source.
The library pays for the information in the databases so you don’t have to
What’s the Difference?
Information is from professionals or experts in the field
Contain published works where facts are checked
Easy to cite in a bibliography and may create the citation for you
Can help you narrow your topic or suggest related subjects.
Are updated frequently and include the date of publication.
Can be written by anyone regardless of expertise
Content is often not checked by an expert
Often don’t provide the information necessary to create a complete citation
Often aren’t organized to support student research needs
May not indicate when a page is updated.
This chart is from: http://www.hclib.org/pub/search/Difference.cfm
GEN Library: Databases – continued
Good Databases to Start with:
EBSCO MegaFile ,
Gale (search all cross-searchable),
Both of these are good for finding stuff when you have a citation or aren’t sure what database to look in
Database: EBSCO MegaFile
Database: Gale Click “continue” to search many of the databases at once!
Database: Gale - continued
GEN Library: Books and Ebooks
Search the GU/MSB Catalog for books at the GU/MSB campuses and for ebooks (for all GEN)
Ebooks: NetLibrary is one of our e-book providers and is searchable through the catalog
For Business and Information Technology ebooks search Books 24x7
More ebooks and portions of ebooks are found in the databases
GEN Library: The GU/MSB Catalog for E-Books These ebooks are for all GEN members.
GEN Library: Books
If you’re not an online-only student, you can check out books at the campus libraries with your student ID. You can also borrow books from other school’s libraries (it’s called ILL ). Find out more: http://www.globeeducationnetwork.com/library/about-the-library/library-policies/
If you are an online-only student, you can ILL from campus libraries and your local public library. If you have questions, let me (Elaine Settergren – [email_address] ) know.
Once you’ve found information, the next step is to use it ethically .
Not all information is created equally
All information you use in school, you need to cite
Evaluate your sources so you’re sure your source is credible.
Good sources = better papers and research projects = you!
Evaluate your sources by asking yourself some key questions about the information:
Who? – author, publisher, sponsoring organization, company, etc.