2013.05.29 ecological and genealogical patterns

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2013.05.29 ecological and genealogical patterns

  1. 1. Integration between ecological and genealogical patterns:Where are we?Emanuele Serrelli“Riccardo Massa” Department of Human Sciences - University of Milano Bicocca, ITALYLisbon Applied Evolutionary Epistemology Lab - Universidade de Lisboa, PORTUGALemanuele.serrelli@unimib.ithttp://www.epistemologia.eu1
  2. 2. Integration between ecological and genealogical patterns:Where are we?Emanuele Serrelli“Riccardo Massa” Department of Human Sciences - University of Milano Bicocca, ITALYLisbon Applied Evolutionary Epistemology Lab - Universidade de Lisboa, PORTUGALemanuele.serrelli@unimib.ithttp://www.epistemologia.eu1Ecological patterns are the ones thatcan be captured by following physicaland chemical flows and cycles.
  3. 3. Integration between ecological and genealogical patterns:Where are we?Emanuele Serrelli“Riccardo Massa” Department of Human Sciences - University of Milano Bicocca, ITALYLisbon Applied Evolutionary Epistemology Lab - Universidade de Lisboa, PORTUGALemanuele.serrelli@unimib.ithttp://www.epistemologia.eu1Ecological patterns are the ones thatcan be captured by following physicaland chemical flows and cycles.Genealogical patterns are those thatcan be followed and fully captured byfollowing bloodlines, related lineages,and their common ancestry.
  4. 4. 2Ecological patterns are the ones thatcan be captured by following physicaland chemical flows and cycles.Genealogical patterns are those thatcan be followed and fully captured byfollowing bloodlines, related lineages,and their common ancestry.
  5. 5. 31850 1900 1950 2000 2050The sloshing bucket2003Odling-Smee: niche construction1988Evolutionary Ecology journal1987Unfinished Synthesis1985Vrba: turnover pulse1980van Valen: Red Queen hp1973Punctuated Equilibria1972Lovelock, birth of Earth SystemScience1967 – 1974Hutchinson: ecological stageand evolutionary play1965Orians1962Hutchinson & MacArthur1959Odum1953David Lack1944Tansley: concept of ecosystem1935Modern Synthesis1930 – 1930Lotka1922neo-Darwinian Synthesis1910 – 1930Warming, Schimper, Drude1890 – 1900Darwins worms1881Haeckel1866Origin1859“By ecology we mean the body ofknowledge concerning the economy ofnature, the total relations of the animal toboth its inorganic and organic environment;including its friendly and inimical relationswith those animals and plants with which itcomes into contact. In a word, all thecomplex relationships referred to as thestruggle for existence”
  6. 6. 41850 1900 1950 2000 2050The sloshing bucket2003Odling-Smee: niche construction1988Evolutionary Ecology journal1987Unfinished Synthesis1985Vrba: turnover pulse1980van Valen: Red Queen hp1973Punctuated Equilibria1972Lovelock, birth of Earth SystemScience1967 – 1974Hutchinson: ecological stageand evolutionary play1965Orians1962Hutchinson & MacArthur1959Odum1953David Lack1944Tansley: concept of ecosystem1935Modern Synthesis1930 – 1930Lotka1922neo-Darwinian Synthesis1910 – 1930Warming, Schimper, Drude1890 – 1900Darwins worms1881Haeckel1866Origin1859
  7. 7. 51850 1900 1950 2000 2050The sloshing bucket2003Odling-Smee: niche construction1988Evolutionary Ecology journal1987Unfinished Synthesis1985Vrba: turnover pulse1980van Valen: Red Queen hp1973Punctuated Equilibria1972Lovelock, birth of Earth SystemScience1967 – 1974Hutchinson: ecological stageand evolutionary play1965Orians1962Hutchinson & MacArthur1959Odum1953David Lack1944Tansley: concept of ecosystem1935Modern Synthesis1930 – 1930Lotka1922neo-Darwinian Synthesis1910 – 1930Warming, Schimper, Drude1890 – 1900Darwins worms1881Haeckel1866Origin1859
  8. 8. 1850 1900 1950 2000 2050The sloshing bucket2003Odling-Smee: niche construction1988Evolutionary Ecology journal1987Unfinished Synthesis1985Vrba: turnover pulse1980van Valen: Red Queen hp1973Punctuated Equilibria1972Lovelock, birth of Earth SystemScience1967 – 1974Hutchinson: ecological stageand evolutionary play1965Orians1962Hutchinson & MacArthur1959Odum1953David Lack1944Tansley: concept of ecosystem1935Modern Synthesis1930 – 1930Lotka1922neo-Darwinian Synthesis1910 – 1930Warming, Schimper, Drude1890 – 1900Darwins worms1881Haeckel1866Origin18596Population genetics “models”4Loci, alleles,frequencieszygotesmutationselection?complicationintractabilityHardy-Weinberg eq.
  9. 9. 1850 1900 1950 2000 2050The sloshing bucket2003Odling-Smee: niche construction1988Evolutionary Ecology journal1987Unfinished Synthesis1985Vrba: turnover pulse1980van Valen: Red Queen hp1973Punctuated Equilibria1972Lovelock, birth of Earth SystemScience1967 – 1974Hutchinson: ecological stageand evolutionary play1965Orians1962Hutchinson & MacArthur1959Odum1953David Lack1944Tansley: concept of ecosystem1935Modern Synthesis1930 – 1930Lotka1922neo-Darwinian Synthesis1910 – 1930Warming, Schimper, Drude1890 – 1900Darwins worms1881Haeckel1866Origin18597
  10. 10. 1850 1900 1950 2000 2050The sloshing bucket2003Odling-Smee: niche construction1988Evolutionary Ecology journal1987Unfinished Synthesis1985Vrba: turnover pulse1980van Valen: Red Queen hp1973Punctuated Equilibria1972Lovelock, birth of Earth SystemScience1967 – 1974Hutchinson: ecological stageand evolutionary play1965Orians1962Hutchinson & MacArthur1959Odum1953David Lack1944Tansley: concept of ecosystem1935Modern Synthesis1930 – 1930Lotka1922neo-Darwinian Synthesis1910 – 1930Warming, Schimper, Drude1890 – 1900Darwins worms1881Haeckel1866Origin18598
  11. 11. 1850 1900 1950 2000 2050The sloshing bucket2003Odling-Smee: niche construction1988Evolutionary Ecology journal1987Unfinished Synthesis1985Vrba: turnover pulse1980van Valen: Red Queen hp1973Punctuated Equilibria1972Lovelock, birth of Earth SystemScience1967 – 1974Hutchinson: ecological stageand evolutionary play1965Orians1962Hutchinson & MacArthur1959Odum1953David Lack1944Tansley: concept of ecosystem1935Modern Synthesis1930 – 1930Lotka1922neo-Darwinian Synthesis1910 – 1930Warming, Schimper, Drude1890 – 1900Darwins worms1881Haeckel1866Origin18598
  12. 12. 1850 1900 1950 2000 2050The sloshing bucket2003Odling-Smee: niche construction1988Evolutionary Ecology journal1987Unfinished Synthesis1985Vrba: turnover pulse1980van Valen: Red Queen hp1973Punctuated Equilibria1972Lovelock, birth of Earth SystemScience1967 – 1974Hutchinson: ecological stageand evolutionary play1965Orians1962Hutchinson & MacArthur1959Odum1953David Lack1944Tansley: concept of ecosystem1935Modern Synthesis1930 – 1930Lotka1922neo-Darwinian Synthesis1910 – 1930Warming, Schimper, Drude1890 – 1900Darwins worms1881Haeckel1866Origin18599
  13. 13. 1850 1900 1950 2000 2050The sloshing bucket2003Odling-Smee: niche construction1988Evolutionary Ecology journal1987Unfinished Synthesis1985Vrba: turnover pulse1980van Valen: Red Queen hp1973Punctuated Equilibria1972Lovelock, birth of Earth SystemScience1967 – 1974Hutchinson: ecological stageand evolutionary play1965Orians1962Hutchinson & MacArthur1959Odum1953David Lack1944Tansley: concept of ecosystem1935Modern Synthesis1930 – 1930Lotka1922neo-Darwinian Synthesis1910 – 1930Warming, Schimper, Drude1890 – 1900Darwins worms1881Haeckel1866Origin18599“It is becoming increasingly apparent that a complete answer to any questionshould deal with physiological, adaptational and evolutionary aspects of theproblem. The evolutionary process of becoming yields the most profoundunderstanding of biological systems at all levels of organization. The non-evolutionary answer to the question of why an animal is abundant in someparts of its range and rare in others is of necessity incomplete”
  14. 14. 1850 1900 1950 2000 2050The sloshing bucket2003Odling-Smee: niche construction1988Evolutionary Ecology journal1987Unfinished Synthesis1985Vrba: turnover pulse1980van Valen: Red Queen hp1973Punctuated Equilibria1972Lovelock, birth of Earth SystemScience1967 – 1974Hutchinson: ecological stageand evolutionary play1965Orians1962Hutchinson & MacArthur1959Odum1953David Lack1944Tansley: concept of ecosystem1935Modern Synthesis1930 – 1930Lotka1922neo-Darwinian Synthesis1910 – 1930Warming, Schimper, Drude1890 – 1900Darwins worms1881Haeckel1866Origin18599“It is becoming increasingly apparent that a complete answer to any questionshould deal with physiological, adaptational and evolutionary aspects of theproblem. The evolutionary process of becoming yields the most profoundunderstanding of biological systems at all levels of organization. The non-evolutionary answer to the question of why an animal is abundant in someparts of its range and rare in others is of necessity incomplete”"Ecology […] has its descriptive generalizations, such as the principle ofcompetitive exclusion, but as in other fields, evolution would seem to bethe only real theory of ecology today. Even if one strongly believes in theaction of natural selection it is exceedingly difficult, as Darwin pointedout, to keep it always firmly in mind. Neglect of natural selection inecological thinking is, therefore, understandable though regretable.However, its deliberate exclusion in these years following the Darwincentennial would seem to be exceedingly unwise"
  15. 15. 1850 1900 1950 2000 2050The sloshing bucket2003Odling-Smee: niche construction1988Evolutionary Ecology journal1987Unfinished Synthesis1985Vrba: turnover pulse1980van Valen: Red Queen hp1973Punctuated Equilibria1972Lovelock, birth of Earth SystemScience1967 – 1974Hutchinson: ecological stageand evolutionary play1965Orians1962Hutchinson & MacArthur1959Odum1953David Lack1944Tansley: concept of ecosystem1935Modern Synthesis1930 – 1930Lotka1922neo-Darwinian Synthesis1910 – 1930Warming, Schimper, Drude1890 – 1900Darwins worms1881Haeckel1866Origin185910
  16. 16. 1850 1900 1950 2000 2050The sloshing bucket2003Odling-Smee: niche construction1988Evolutionary Ecology journal1987Unfinished Synthesis1985Vrba: turnover pulse1980van Valen: Red Queen hp1973Punctuated Equilibria1972Lovelock, birth of Earth SystemScience1967 – 1974Hutchinson: ecological stageand evolutionary play1965Orians1962Hutchinson & MacArthur1959Odum1953David Lack1944Tansley: concept of ecosystem1935Modern Synthesis1930 – 1930Lotka1922neo-Darwinian Synthesis1910 – 1930Warming, Schimper, Drude1890 – 1900Darwins worms1881Haeckel1866Origin185911
  17. 17. 12http://www.homosapiens.net
  18. 18. 13deMenocal, P.B., 2004.African climate change and faunal evolution during the Pliocene–Pleistocene.Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 220(1-2), pp.3–24.
  19. 19. 1480-60 KyaRoger Lewin (1996), Le origini dell’uomo moderno, Zanichelli, p. 121 // Bernard Wood 2008
  20. 20. 15Hierarchy Theory of evolutionEldredge 1986“organisms seem to be both energy conversion machines andreproducing ‘packages’ of genetic information. As such they areintegrated simultaneously into two largely separate, butinteracting kinds of general systems” (1986, p. 351)
  21. 21. Eldredge 2003Niles Eldredge (2008) , “Hierarchies and the Sloshing Bucket: Toward the Unification of Evolutionary Biology”, in Evo Edu Outreach 1 pp. 10–15.
  22. 22. Eldredge 2003Niles Eldredge (2008) , “Hierarchies and the Sloshing Bucket: Toward the Unification of Evolutionary Biology”, in Evo Edu Outreach 1 pp. 10–15.
  23. 23. Eldredge 2003Niles Eldredge (2008) , “Hierarchies and the Sloshing Bucket: Toward the Unification of Evolutionary Biology”, in Evo Edu Outreach 1 pp. 10–15.
  24. 24. Eldredge 2003Niles Eldredge (2008) , “Hierarchies and the Sloshing Bucket: Toward the Unification of Evolutionary Biology”, in Evo Edu Outreach 1 pp. 10–15.
  25. 25. Niles Eldredge (2008) , “Hierarchies and the Sloshing Bucket: Toward the Unification of Evolutionary Biology”, in Evo Edu Outreach 1 pp. 10–15.
  26. 26. 1850 1900 1950 2000 2050The sloshing bucket2003Odling-Smee: niche construction1988Evolutionary Ecology journal1987Unfinished Synthesis1985Vrba: turnover pulse1980van Valen: Red Queen hp1973Punctuated Equilibria1972Lovelock, birth of Earth SystemScience1967 – 1974Hutchinson: ecological stageand evolutionary play1965Orians1962Hutchinson & MacArthur1959Odum1953David Lack1944Tansley: concept of ecosystem1935Modern Synthesis1930 – 1930Lotka1922neo-Darwinian Synthesis1910 – 1930Warming, Schimper, Drude1890 – 1900Darwins worms1881Haeckel1866Origin185918
  27. 27. 1850 1900 1950 2000 2050The sloshing bucket2003Odling-Smee: niche construction1988Evolutionary Ecology journal1987Unfinished Synthesis1985Vrba: turnover pulse1980van Valen: Red Queen hp1973Punctuated Equilibria1972Lovelock, birth of Earth SystemScience1967 – 1974Hutchinson: ecological stageand evolutionary play1965Orians1962Hutchinson & MacArthur1959Odum1953David Lack1944Tansley: concept of ecosystem1935Modern Synthesis1930 – 1930Lotka1922neo-Darwinian Synthesis1910 – 1930Warming, Schimper, Drude1890 – 1900Darwins worms1881Haeckel1866Origin185918
  28. 28. 1850 1900 1950 2000 2050The sloshing bucket2003Odling-Smee: niche construction1988Evolutionary Ecology journal1987Unfinished Synthesis1985Vrba: turnover pulse1980van Valen: Red Queen hp1973Punctuated Equilibria1972Lovelock, birth of Earth SystemScience1967 – 1974Hutchinson: ecological stageand evolutionary play1965Orians1962Hutchinson & MacArthur1959Odum1953David Lack1944Tansley: concept of ecosystem1935Modern Synthesis1930 – 1930Lotka1922neo-Darwinian Synthesis1910 – 1930Warming, Schimper, Drude1890 – 1900Darwins worms1881Haeckel1866Origin185918
  29. 29. 1850 1900 1950 2000 2050The sloshing bucket2003Odling-Smee: niche construction1988Evolutionary Ecology journal1987Unfinished Synthesis1985Vrba: turnover pulse1980van Valen: Red Queen hp1973Punctuated Equilibria1972Lovelock, birth of Earth SystemScience1967 – 1974Hutchinson: ecological stageand evolutionary play1965Orians1962Hutchinson & MacArthur1959Odum1953David Lack1944Tansley: concept of ecosystem1935Modern Synthesis1930 – 1930Lotka1922neo-Darwinian Synthesis1910 – 1930Warming, Schimper, Drude1890 – 1900Darwins worms1881Haeckel1866Origin1859194mutationselection?complicationintractability
  30. 30. Kylafis, G. & Loreau, M., 2008. Ecological and evolutionary consequences of nicheconstruction for its agent. Ecology letters, 11(10), pp.1072–81.
  31. 31. 21
  32. 32. 21
  33. 33. 21
  34. 34. 21
  35. 35. 21
  36. 36. 21
  37. 37. 21
  38. 38. 22
  39. 39. 23
  40. 40. 24
  41. 41. 24
  42. 42. Integration between ecological and genealogical patterns:Where are we?25
  43. 43. Integration between ecological and genealogical patterns:Where are we?25
  44. 44. Integration between ecological and genealogical patterns:Where are we?25Patterns in the natural world are extremely important. [...]They pose both the questions and the answers thatscientists formulate as they seek to describe the world [...].Science is a search for resonance between mind and naturalpattern as we try to answer these questions. (Eldredge 1999,pp. 4-5)
  45. 45. Integration between ecological and genealogical patterns:Where are we?25Patterns in the natural world are extremely important. [...]They pose both the questions and the answers thatscientists formulate as they seek to describe the world [...].Science is a search for resonance between mind and naturalpattern as we try to answer these questions. (Eldredge 1999,pp. 4-5)It is this two-way street [...] that together form theresonance between mind and material nature that isthe heart and soul of science. The search for moreaccurate depictions and explanations of phenomenaalready perceived is where most of the serious day-to-day work of science lies. But it is in the learning ofnew ways to see phenomena that true novelty andcreativity come in. Both are vital and in many waysthemselves inseparable. Both involve wrestling withpatterns in nature-the explanation of agreed-uponpattern, and the search for new ways of seeing newpatterns (Eldredge, cit., p. 16).
  46. 46. Integration between ecological and genealogical patterns:Where are we?Emanuele Serrelli“Riccardo Massa” Department of Human Sciences - University of Milano Bicocca, ITALYLisbon Applied Evolutionary Epistemology Lab - Universidade de Lisboa, PORTUGALemanuele.serrelli@unimib.ithttp://www.epistemologia.eu26
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