Sexualities Project - Mexico team

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Sexualities Project - Mexico team

  1. 1. México: Report of Advances November 2006 For: Martha Villaseñor and Adriana Leona Rosales Sexuality in the Academic Curricula in Universities in Asia, Africa and Latin America
  2. 2. PURPOSE Sexuality in the Academic Curricula in Universities in Asia, Africa and Latin America To generate information that contributes to understand the national and Latin American curricular academic context, in which the universities are confronting the generation of knowledge and promotion related to sexualities and gender.
  3. 3. <ul><li>To evaluate response for the curricular inclusion of academic institutions of the public sector in Mexico </li></ul><ul><li>To characterize paradigms, approaches, topics, methodological and pedagogic perspectives in teaching and researching </li></ul><ul><li>Locate (and register in a directory) those professors and researchers that study topics related to sexualities and gender </li></ul><ul><li>To describe institutional processes and experiences of people involved in gender and sexualities </li></ul><ul><li>To explore the experience of people involved in generating possible alternatives of changes </li></ul>PARTICULAR OBJECTIVES Sexuality in the Academic Curricula in Universities in Asia, Africa and Latin America
  4. 4. INFORMANTS, TOPICS OF INQUIRY AND TECHNICALS Sexuality in the Academic Curricula in Universities in Asia, Africa and Latin America INFORMANTS No. TOPICS OF INQUIRY T ECHNICAL Researchers and professors 30-40 Institutional context Sexualities and gender integration Conceptualization, paradigms, theoretical, methodological and pedagogic perspectives Obstacles and opportunities for inclusion of gender and sexualities Alternatives of change Personal impact Individual Interviews In depth interview (8-10 informants) Students 2 groups 6-15 each Conceptualization, paradigms, theoretical, methodological and pedagogic perspectives Obstacles and opportunities for inclusion Alternatives of change Personal impact Focus group Researchers of project 2 Personal relationship with the context, academic experiences and personal impact Autobiographic reflectons
  5. 5. Sexuality in the Academic Curricula in Universities in Asia, Africa and Latin America ADVANCE ACTIVITIES % ADVANCE MARCH 06 % ADVANCE AUGUST 06 % ADVANCE NOVEMBER 06 OBSERVATIONS Exploring institutional structures 80% 90% Modification 1 Conceptual references In process In process In process Theorical revision and incorporate reflections Informants location 50% 90% 100% new informants Modification 1 and 2 Elaboration of guide interviews semistructured 100% 100% 100% Modification 3 Directory 40% 85% 90% Considering Modification 1 Realization semistructured interviews teaching and investigation 10% 100% of the glided thing --% of transcription They are going to do electronic interviews and expensive interview to face Directives location and interview guide Location and guide modification New informants Modification 4
  6. 6. Sexuality in the Academic Curricula in Universities in Asia, Africa and Latin America AVANCES ACTIVITIES % ADVANCE MARCH 06 % ADVANCE AUGUST 06 % ADVANCE NOVEMBER 06 OBSERVATIONS Academic location of spaces for interviews 100% 100% _ Elaboration of guide interview for focus group 10% 100% Available in page Realization of academic interviews _ _ 100% 2 of glided More 2 for december Location of informants, depth interviews in teaching and research 80% 90% Realization depth interview 10% 100% of glided other Realization of autobiographical reflections In process In process In process Transcriptions 100% of glided 50 % new Analysis 20% 80% semi tic analysis Redaction of reports To made To made To made Writing document
  7. 7. <ul><li>Modification 1 : Originally to be made the exploration only in the District Federal and Guadalajara . I n four institutions: COLMEX, UNAM, Pedagogical Na t ional and UdeG. Now, the exploration at national level in diverse institutions and to incorporate the search in institutional pages Web. </li></ul><ul><li>Modification 2: the aspects of modification 1 get up for the location of informants the use of the national directories of the COLMEX of the PIEM and the Seminary of Sexuality and Sort, and the strategy of snow ball is to say the reference of people interviewed. </li></ul><ul><li>Modification 3: The interviews semistructured originally glided were for being made expensive to face, but before modifications 1 and 2, the budget available and the time to be made electronics interviews in addition to the face to face. Those of electronics interview, they have been responded in text files and file of audio. </li></ul><ul><li>Modification 4: Originally the directors considered teaching and reserch informants different , but their rolls are simultan eous in directive positions. This valuing to belong and utility to interview or not high directive levels. </li></ul>MODIFICATIONS Sexuality in the Academic Curricula in Universities in Asia, Africa and Latin America
  8. 8. INFORMANTS Sexuality in the Academic Curricula in Universities in Asia, Africa and Latin America INFORMANTS CONCEPT TOTAL location People located by directories, personal communications, pages Web, etc. Apparently tie with the thematic . 437 Selected They discarded who were in relation to the subject of sort but in other fields nonrelated to sexualities 237 Send E-mail To all the selected people and of those who have e - mail 224 Contacts People with who us had comunication (t ype of personal or e -mail) 79 Answer (pend) People who have disposition to participate that they don t sent answer to the guide 26 Key People who by their roll and knowledge of the institutional or interinstitutional context consider themselves key 44 Electronic interview Interviews made e-mail with answer by means of audio or text files 21 Expensive interview to fac e Personal Interview in audio 23
  9. 9. INFORMATION Sexuality in the Academic Curricula in Universities in Asia, Africa and Latin America TYPE OF INFORMATION ORIGIN AMOUNT OF INFORMATION Curricular Search in pages Web and interviews    Paradigm of fundamentación and approaches of boarding <ul><li>E lectronic interview and expensive interview to face </li></ul>     Subjects <ul><li>Interviews </li></ul><ul><li>Revision of some programs </li></ul>  Education model <ul><li>Electronic interview and expensive interview to face. </li></ul> Involved people <ul><li>Search in i nternet, director y , contacts , key institu tions in interviews. </li></ul>       Institutional processes, entailment teaching-investigation, entailment with citizen activism <ul><li>E lectronic interview and expensive interview to face </li></ul>     experience of the people <ul><li>E lectronic interview and expensive interview to face </li></ul><ul><li>A d vances of autobiographical reflections of investigators responsible for the project </li></ul>    Alternatives and actors, from the vision of the involved people <ul><li>E lectronic interview and expensive interview to face </li></ul>   
  10. 10. <ul><li>Explanation of the obtained information </li></ul><ul><li>The subjects boarded talk about the thematic content of the programs, in the answers to the interviews makes reference to some subjects, but they do not constitute the total of subjects. The revision of programs (strategy originally not planned) offers more information but all the programs do not available </li></ul><ul><li>The aspects in reference to the pedagogical model are little or nothing referred in the answers to the interviews and the programs and curricular plans </li></ul><ul><li>The personal experience of informants by means of a part of the interview guide and it is explored the personal experience of the people in charge of the project by means of the incorporation of autobiographical reflections </li></ul>Sexuality in the Academic Curricula in Universities in Asia, Africa and Latin America
  11. 11. DETERMINATION PROCESS OF UNIVERSE Sexuality in the Academic Curricula in Universities in Asia, Africa and Latin America initial proposal Project FINALLY Request Coordination to construct directory and to make national exploration Reference of informants following dynamic of snow ball UAM-X, UNAM, UdeG and COLMEX UNAM, UPN, UdeG and COLMEX DIVERSE ORGANISMS: Academic, Governmental, OSC and International teacher-researcher Diverses institutions Administrative UdeG and UPN Students UdeG and UPN
  12. 12. PROCESS TO LOCATION OF INFORMANTS TEACHER-RESEARCHER Sexuality in the Academic Curricula in Universities in Asia, Africa and Latin America location for Contacts Directory PIEM and Seminary WEB Personal comunication interviews INTERNET Face a face Audio Text Some to complete or to deepen
  13. 13. Institutions*for adscription of informants** Sexuality in the Academic Curricula in Universities in Asia, Africa and Latin America * Other people from: Veracruz, Hidalgo, Puebla, Queretaro, Sinaloa, Tabasco, Col Frontera Norte ** It can be related more than an institution by informant * ** Until the moment interviews exploratory unreliable person ACADEMIC GOVERMENTAL CIVIL SOCIETY INTERNACIONAL CIESSAS México, Golfo and Sureste COLMICH COLMEX: CEDUA, PSR UNAM: PUEG, Medicine, Posgrado CPS UdeG: CUCEA, CUCSH and CUCS UPN México DF and Jalisco TecMonterrey- Cd. México Fac. Psic. U de Colima ECOSUR: San Cristóbal Program of gender UAN UADY: CIR ENAH: Antropology UAE Morelos: Antropology UAEDOMEX INSP INMujers IJMujeres SSJalisco CEPAVI Sinaloa CEASS AC (Jalisco) CCIJM 100 for Jalisco AC support to the lagunera woman (Tamaulipas and San Luis Potosí) All for Matamoros Human Services in Sexual Health and Reproductive AC (Yucatán) POLITIC ASSOCIATIONS *** PRI Yucatán PRD Yucatán UNIFEM
  14. 14. GENERAL SUBJECTS that work to informants Sexuality in the Academic Curricula in Universities in Asia, Africa and Latin America <ul><li>Gender </li></ul><ul><li>Identity ofgender </li></ul><ul><li>Culture and gender </li></ul><ul><li>Body and gender </li></ul><ul><li>Gender and public politic </li></ul><ul><li>Human rights of the women </li></ul><ul><li>Masculine </li></ul><ul><li>Violence of gender </li></ul><ul><li>Sexuality and gender </li></ul><ul><li>Sexuality </li></ul><ul><li>sexual Identity </li></ul><ul><li>Body and Sexuality </li></ul><ul><li>Sexual Diversity </li></ul><ul><li>Sexual behavior </li></ul><ul><li>Reproductive health </li></ul><ul><li>Fecundity </li></ul><ul><li>Sexual health </li></ul><ul><li>Sexual Violence </li></ul><ul><li>SIDA-ITS </li></ul><ul><li>Sexuality and public politic </li></ul><ul><li>Sexual rights and reproductive </li></ul><ul><li>Affection </li></ul><ul><li>Eroticism </li></ul>
  15. 15. SPACES OF INSERTION <ul><li>EXTRACURRICULARES </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Courses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conferences </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Seminaries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Factories </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Events </li></ul></ul><ul><li>CURRICULAR </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Courses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Optativos </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Obligatorios </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Level </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Middle </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>High </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pos grade </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>RESEARCH </li></ul><ul><ul><li>students (subject and thesis) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Teacher-research (Project, Line and tematic of academic body) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>DIFFUSION </li></ul><ul><li>United institutions and sectors </li></ul>Sexuality in the Academic Curricula in Universities in Asia, Africa and Latin America
  16. 16. PROTAGONISTS <ul><li>Glided in the Project </li></ul><ul><li>teacher-researcher </li></ul><ul><li>Students </li></ul><ul><li>Administrative </li></ul><ul><li>Location for analysis </li></ul><ul><li>Civil organisms; International organisms; Financial; Of creation and operation of public policy; Regulating organisms of the university work; Of the design process, operation and curricular evaluation; Signallers; Of political associations; Of preservative sectors </li></ul>Sexuality in the Academic Curricula in Universities in Asia, Africa and Latin America
  17. 17. TRAJECTORY OF INSERTION <ul><li>We located that diverse trajectories in the search exist to obtain the insertion </li></ul><ul><li>Example UPN, UNAM, UdeG, INSP </li></ul><ul><li>To analyze trajectories would allow to visualize to future better and more effective strategies of insertion </li></ul><ul><li>The present trajectories are characterized for: plan (short, medium and large) and the little formation of alliances </li></ul><ul><li>One requires when incorporating visions critics , example: Víctor Ortiz (Michoacán) or Georgina Rosado (Yucatán). </li></ul>Sexuality in the Academic Curricula in Universities in Asia, Africa and Latin America
  18. 18. NEXT SUBJECTS <ul><li>GENDER </li></ul><ul><li>REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH </li></ul><ul><li>SIDA-ITS </li></ul><ul><li>CONTRACEPTION </li></ul><ul><li>HUMAN RIGHTS </li></ul><ul><li>DEMOGRAFIC GROWTH </li></ul>Sexuality in the Academic Curricula in Universities in Asia, Africa and Latin America
  19. 19. Example: Curricular Reform Process Sexuality in the Academic Curricula in Universities in Asia, Africa and Latin America PROGRAM MCSP UDEG DEPARTAMENT DIVISION UNIVERSITY CENTER - COMMISSION OF EDUCATION Departament of Center University Departament Supervision Institutions organism Academic reunion, teachers, market research, students and ex students Boss, Departament Units, Coordinators of Program, Presidentsof acdemic, Coordinators of Posgrado Boss of division, boss of departaments Coordinators of program. Diretor, Secretary, Academic and Administrative senior officer, Division commanders, Commission of Education, Coordinators of Program SEP CONACYT ANUIES
  20. 20. Pedagogical Model and Theoretical <ul><li>Most of informants they have difficulty to specify the theoretical paradigm and the referred current and authors not necessarily agree with their speech. </li></ul><ul><li>Teacher-Research give in general little importance to the pedagogical model, only the tie ones to social movements and with a more critical boarding if they do it. </li></ul><ul><li>Integrating and critical students if they visualize importance of participates pedagogical models </li></ul>Sexuality in the Academic Curricula in Universities in Asia, Africa and Latin America
  21. 21. OBSTACLES <ul><li>Access reports and publications </li></ul><ul><li>the subjects scandalize </li></ul><ul><li>Moralism </li></ul><ul><li>Corruption </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of sensitivity and understanding of gender </li></ul><ul><li>Visions with prejudices of the sexuality and the gender </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of support and money </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of formation on the subject </li></ul>Sexuality in the Academic Curricula in Universities in Asia, Africa and Latin America
  22. 22. OBSTACLES <ul><li>“ Institutions discord” </li></ul><ul><li>Institutions Burocratism </li></ul><ul><li>Representations of the sexuality and the gender </li></ul><ul><li>Position of decision takers </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of speciality formation </li></ul><ul><li>Individual Work </li></ul><ul><li>Nonestablishment of alliances </li></ul><ul><li>Nonsufficient bridges between citizen academy, investigation, administration, movements and public policy </li></ul>Sexuality in the Academic Curricula in Universities in Asia, Africa and Latin America
  23. 23. RECOMMENDATIONS OF THE INFORMANTS <ul><li>To create interinstitutional networks </li></ul><ul><li>To organize events </li></ul><ul><li>To see successful strategies and actions </li></ul><ul><li>To make processes of formation </li></ul><ul><li>To sensitize administrators </li></ul><ul><li>Discipline </li></ul><ul><li>Recognition of the importance of the public policy </li></ul><ul><li>Entailment of academy with social movements, of civil organisms, media and political public. </li></ul><ul><li>Fortification of the use of qualitative methodologies in participativa investigation and education </li></ul>Sexuality in the Academic Curricula in Universities in Asia, Africa and Latin America
  24. 24. WE PROPOSE LINES OF ACTION FOR CONTINUITY OF THE PROJECT <ul><li>Information – feedback to informants </li></ul><ul><li>Information – feedback; Establishment of a network ; National meeting of self-diagnosis and participativa planning of insertion ; Virtual forum for connection and permanent communication </li></ul><ul><li>To continue national exploration Internet and face to face considering new actors </li></ul>Sexuality in the Academic Curricula in Universities in Asia, Africa and Latin America
  25. 25. Example: incorporation of gender and sexuality in the academic <ul><li>UADY </li></ul><ul><li>Regional Research Center “Hideyo Noguchi”, Mérida, Yucatán. </li></ul>Sexuality in the Academic Curricula in Universities in Asia, Africa and Latin America

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