Sociolinguistic Patterns                 By Paulina Escobar A.
Sociolinguistic    Is   A sciense         That studies The Language   in context
A language                               Can be                           influenced by1    Social class                  ...
1 Social class              Combine             elements ofEducation                     Income                 Occupation
But                         Social                         class                     Is generally                     divi...
 These two groups also have phonological variables of the following sounds:           /r/                             /ŋ/...
2 Style                   and                  The use of                 postvocalic /r/   Highest           Lower   grou...
Lower middle                           classAnd exterior standard                         Insecurity about their   of corr...
3 Gender          Women                                       Men                                            tend to use  ...
3 Gender        Women                             MenMore prestige   Tend to over-   Use of non-   are likely to   forms  ...
In the Victorian era   Speaking properly   Wasassociated                            Queen     With being             Victo...
4      Age             In Sweden              there are             Especially             differences              betwee...
5 NetworkIs related to    The group of people    that we have contact                For example        Puerto Ricans  Who...
thanthose   Puerto   Ricans          Who have            not    Contact   with     Black     In the   New York    speakers...
Standardi Inequalities           zation  in   society        Are reflected              inDistribution ofsocial dialects
The process     ofStandardization      converts   One variety     into     A standard            by                       ...
Standardization and its     effects inIN Papua Guinea             Papua Guinea             There is              A differe...
In Papua Guinea                                              Has a high value.English                                     ...
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Sociolinguistic patterns

  1. 1. Sociolinguistic Patterns By Paulina Escobar A.
  2. 2. Sociolinguistic Is A sciense That studies The Language in context
  3. 3. A language Can be influenced by1 Social class 5 4 Network 2 3 Age Style Gender of the speakers
  4. 4. 1 Social class Combine elements ofEducation Income Occupation
  5. 5. But Social class Is generally divided into and Upper class Lower class  These groups have differences in vocabulary:1- table-napkin 1- Serviette2- have one’s bath 2- take a bath3- writing paper 3- note paper4- pudding 4- sweet
  6. 6.  These two groups also have phonological variables of the following sounds: /r/ /ŋ/ /h/Higher class Lower class Higher class Lower class Heart eart Hand and produce produce (Higher class) (lower class) (nasal (alveolar r- Not r- sound /ŋ/) sound /n/) pronouncing pronouncing In verbs Drop of hs such as Reading, Readin, Singing Singin More prestige
  7. 7. 2 Style and The use of postvocalic /r/ Highest Lower group Lowest class middle class The has most has use ofThe shallowest Postvocalic The shallowest slope /r/ slope In the most formal style
  8. 8. Lower middle classAnd exterior standard Insecurity about their of correctness own speech It is called HYPERCORRECTION They try to use the prestige norm used by upper class.
  9. 9. 3 Gender Women Men tend to use tend to use More higher- More Less higher- Lessstatus variants hypercorrection status variants hypercorrection (specially in lower middle class)
  10. 10. 3 Gender Women MenMore prestige Tend to over- Use of non- are likely to forms report standard under-report forms of their use of speech. standard forms.
  11. 11. In the Victorian era Speaking properly Wasassociated Queen With being Victoria female particularly A LADY
  12. 12. 4 Age In Sweden there are Especially differences between 7 and 16 16 and 20 Awarness ofMore estandard forms Certain markers Eg: more final ts examples huset kastat
  13. 13. 5 NetworkIs related to The group of people that we have contact For example Puerto Ricans Who have Contact with black speakers fas istead of fast Delete Final –t/d more often gol instead of gold
  14. 14. thanthose Puerto Ricans Who have not Contact with Black In the New York speakers City
  15. 15. Standardi Inequalities zation in society Are reflected inDistribution ofsocial dialects
  16. 16. The process ofStandardization converts One variety into A standard by spelling its Fixing and regulating grammar
  17. 17. Standardization and its effects inIN Papua Guinea Papua Guinea There is A difference betweenIndigenous Tok Pisin (an English languages English-based pidgin)
  18. 18. In Papua Guinea Has a high value.English Speaking English is considered “good” at school. Tok Pisin (an Has a high value too.English-based Speaking Tok Pisin is considered pidgin) “bad” at school. Are devaluated Indigenous languages Speaking indigenous languages is considered “worst” at school. English has become a estandard language, a socially accepted language in Papua Guinea.
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