Sociolinguistic patterns
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  • 1. Sociolinguistic Patterns By Paulina Escobar A.
  • 2. Sociolinguistic Is A sciense That studies The Language in context
  • 3. A language Can be influenced by1 Social class 5 4 Network 2 3 Age Style Gender of the speakers
  • 4. 1 Social class Combine elements ofEducation Income Occupation
  • 5. But Social class Is generally divided into and Upper class Lower class  These groups have differences in vocabulary:1- table-napkin 1- Serviette2- have one’s bath 2- take a bath3- writing paper 3- note paper4- pudding 4- sweet
  • 6.  These two groups also have phonological variables of the following sounds: /r/ /ŋ/ /h/Higher class Lower class Higher class Lower class Heart eart Hand and produce produce (Higher class) (lower class) (nasal (alveolar r- Not r- sound /ŋ/) sound /n/) pronouncing pronouncing In verbs Drop of hs such as Reading, Readin, Singing Singin More prestige
  • 7. 2 Style and The use of postvocalic /r/ Highest Lower group Lowest class middle class The has most has use ofThe shallowest Postvocalic The shallowest slope /r/ slope In the most formal style
  • 8. Lower middle classAnd exterior standard Insecurity about their of correctness own speech It is called HYPERCORRECTION They try to use the prestige norm used by upper class.
  • 9. 3 Gender Women Men tend to use tend to use More higher- More Less higher- Lessstatus variants hypercorrection status variants hypercorrection (specially in lower middle class)
  • 10. 3 Gender Women MenMore prestige Tend to over- Use of non- are likely to forms report standard under-report forms of their use of speech. standard forms.
  • 11. In the Victorian era Speaking properly Wasassociated Queen With being Victoria female particularly A LADY
  • 12. 4 Age In Sweden there are Especially differences between 7 and 16 16 and 20 Awarness ofMore estandard forms Certain markers Eg: more final ts examples huset kastat
  • 13. 5 NetworkIs related to The group of people that we have contact For example Puerto Ricans Who have Contact with black speakers fas istead of fast Delete Final –t/d more often gol instead of gold
  • 14. thanthose Puerto Ricans Who have not Contact with Black In the New York speakers City
  • 15. Standardi Inequalities zation in society Are reflected inDistribution ofsocial dialects
  • 16. The process ofStandardization converts One variety into A standard by spelling its Fixing and regulating grammar
  • 17. Standardization and its effects inIN Papua Guinea Papua Guinea There is A difference betweenIndigenous Tok Pisin (an English languages English-based pidgin)
  • 18. In Papua Guinea Has a high value.English Speaking English is considered “good” at school. Tok Pisin (an Has a high value too.English-based Speaking Tok Pisin is considered pidgin) “bad” at school. Are devaluated Indigenous languages Speaking indigenous languages is considered “worst” at school. English has become a estandard language, a socially accepted language in Papua Guinea.