1.__________________is the part of economic theory that deals with the economy as a whole and decision making by large units such as government and unions.
2.One way in which the federal government impacts the economy is by the sheer size of the budget. Which figure below is the approximate budget?
3.Another way the federal government impacts the economy is through controlling the nation’s money supply. They do this through
A. The Bank of the U.S.-The BUS
B. The Federal Reserve-The FED
C. The Dept. of Commerce-The DOC
4. __________is the Chairman of the Federal Reserve.
A. Alan Greenspan
B. Ben Bernanke
C. Tony Hawk
D. Gale Norton
4A. Hello children-I am _______. I and the Board of Governor’s try to control the nation’s monetary supply. We set fiscal policy. I can destroy you.
I was appointed by the president
And confirmed by the upper house.
5. What is the upper house of Congress?
The Fed wants to try and keep the economy on an even keel.
It wants to keep a balance between two extremes. Can you think what these extremes are?
(Hint-One extreme is too many dollars chasing too few goods. Everybody has jobs, everybody is spending money and suppliers cannot keep up with demand) Prices are rising.
6. What is this problem called?
Inflation is characterized by rising prices and an economy that erodes purchasing power. The rich are badly hurt as well as those on fixed incomes.
7. The other extreme is too few dollars chasing too many goods. People have lost their jobs, they are afraid to buy anything except the bare necessities.
What is it known as?
In effect the Fed tries to keep a balance in the economy:
If the economy is showing signs of inflation, then the fed tries to slow the economy down by making money:
8. Cheaper or
9.How do you make money more expensive ? A. You charge more to borrow it B. You change the interest rate C. Tighten the money supply D. All of the above
Ans-9 You charge more to borrow it You change the interest rate You make money more expensive
10.Do you raise or lower the interest rate?
10.Dude you so ______ it. The Fed makes money harder to borrow by raising the interest rate.
Suppose there was a recession:
11. What would Chairman Bernanke do to make money more available, to make it cheaper to restore people’s faith in the future?
Would he raise or lower the interest rate?
That would make it easier to borrow so that businesses could expand or people will buy a house or a car or take a vacation.
Just like a doctor checks your pulse, temperature and blood pressure, the Fed checks economic indicators. These indicators can tell The Fed whether the economy is in danger of getting too hot or too cold.
12. Can you name an indicator when the economy is getting too cold?
A. Booming house sales
B. Car sales through the roof
C. Washers and dryers selling like hotcakes
D. High unemployment rate
12.Ans. 13. Once you get above a 6% unemployment rate,then The Fed would have to be concerned about a possible__________.
14. Another indicator
15. Another ?
15.____or the sale of durable goods like refrigerators or Washers and dryers or ranges
The price of an essential commodity
16. Another indicator is the growth of all the below except:
A.Gross domestic product
D.PSSA and SAT scores
E.The value of the dollar in relation to other currencies
The Fed cannot outlaw the
17. business cycle but it tries to moderate the extremes between recession and __________.
C. incidence of string cheese
As the nation’s chief economist Ben Bernanke is very concerned about a lot of issues.
18. For instance, he is worried about the fact that every year the US federal government is spending more than it has. This is called the _____________
A. the national debt
B. the trade gap
C. the deficit
19. He is also very concerned about our accumulated deficits now over 9 trillion.
This is the
A. national debt
B. trade gap
C. the deficit
And the trade deficit is also a concern.
20. Particularly our dependence on foreign________?