Future Cities: Upgrading Rio to Smart


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Presentation from the Futurecities 2013 conference Nov 7 at the Danish Parliament. Covers primarily the story of the IBM incident management solutions implemented in RIO.

Conference website: http://www.futurecities2013.dk/

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Future Cities: Upgrading Rio to Smart

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  2. 2. Smart City? Rio’s problem The solution The perspectives 2
  3. 3. A Smarter City is one that can balance its social, commercial and environmental needs while optimizing the resources it has available for the benefit of its citizens. It understands that it is a system of systems. 3
  4. 4. Billions of sensors embedded into our world and across ecosystems Zettabyte Internet Billions of Smartphones, and GPS-devices Billions of Internet-subscribers Petaflop Supercomputers +20 billion Connected devices INSTRUMENTED 4 4 INTERCONNECTED INTELLIGENT © 2012 IBM Corporation
  5. 5. Rio: Much more than a beautiful city • Famous for its landscapes and beaches; • The biggest and most famous carnival of the world with two million people on the streets per day; • Receives more visitors per year than any city in South America with 2.82 million international tourists a year; • Approximately 6.3 million people; • Second largest city of Brazil; • Third largest metropolitan area in South America; • 6th largest in the Americas and 26th in the world. 5
  6. 6. But… Every summer, the city has to handle the consequences of an intense raining season, such as floods and landslides! Pollution and traffic congestion decrease life quality of population. 6
  7. 7. …and issues that are not different from most larger cities statistics are critically high and rising (drugCrimes related, kidnapping threats and others). Coordination of all information and government departments are the greatest challenges. 7
  8. 8. An Innovation Discovery Workshop provided the veichle for understanding and solving issues Building a sustainable roadmap to become a Smarter City, Rio investigated initiatives in the areas: • • • • • Emergency Management (Rain, Landslide, Mudslide, Flood)* Public Health Tourism Transportation Urban Revitalization * Initial focus area 8
  9. 9. Where to start? If we want efficient emergency management, we are faced by a number of issues Disconnected Incident Management Limited intelligent response Lack of situational awareness STOP City operations Lack of visibility inhibits the delivery of an optimal response which can increase budgets, create redundant resource requirements, and lengthen the time to resolution 9 Cross-department collaboration challenges Big Data impacts
  10. 10. Can we dream up a machine that… Collects data Has the ability to communicate with anything, read data from anywhere in any thinkable format across all domains 10 Provides insight Is able to anticipate problems through analytics, sort out the unneeded and be able to identify problems that need human intervention or decision Coordinates resources & response Does perform cross-domain and cross-organisational coordination of resources, handles the response and ensures completeness
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  12. 12. The Emergency Operation Dashboard… Incident Ticker Status of the Operations Center which relates to the Status of the City 12 Alerts and Messages
  13. 13. PMAR: An implementation of IBM Deep Thunder PMAR delivers: • Up to 48h of weather prediction • 1 km2 resolution • Prediction of rain, precipitation, clouds, win ds, temperature • Indication of possible flood hotspots in the city 13
  14. 14. We are mobile The Mobile Command Center for Large Events CICCM Model 1 • 16 people/operators • 5 cameras (1 thermal) CICCM Model 2 • 10 people/operators • 1 cameras (thermal) 14
  15. 15. Twitter: Centro de Operações twitter.com/OperacoesRio
  16. 16. Evolution of the operations center Contingency theory based Fusion Center Based Intelligent Response Based No real technology needed, map , pins, paper and a phone Representatives from different domains are located in the same place Information from different domains solutions are integrated by an international standard Solution is based on the skill of the operators on hand at the time on the incident AVI and communication technology can be shared Responses to an event can be cross referenced with additional information and resources to ensure most optimal response Has no ability to share information unless you are in the room Main method of communication is preformed face to face (f-2-f) Information can be readily share with all ( 1st responders ,operations, exec) Tracking of activities steps is impossible as actions are preformed without logs Each domain has their own closed loop system with little or no integration Response tracking is possible in real time and for continual improvement As collateral is generated to record information , clutter can overwhelm response effort. Cross domain management must happen at f-2-f communications, which can generate misses Predetermined Standard operation procedures (SOP) can operate across domain information Up scaling can only be achieved by adding more physical resources but can also add to clutter Operational response must can be problematic as the responses from each domain must be synchronized via f-2-f Intelligent Response can evolve and protect against organizational memory loss . Cons Neutral Pros
  17. 17. Smarter Cities Solution Domains and Intelligent Operations Center Water Transportation Public Safety Buildings Work order optimization Usage Analytics Predictive Maintenance Leak Detection Flood Management Smart Metering Contamination Mgmt Water Security Storm water Mgmt Wastewater Mgmt Asset Management Data Integration Traffic Prediction Route optimization Bus Arrival Prediction Planning and Simulation Road User Charging Asset Management Integrated Fare Mgmt Multi-modal Mgmt Revenue Management Fleet Optimization Video Surveillance & Analytics Crime Information Predictive Policing Dispatch Cyber Security Fusion Centers Border Security Communications Emergency Response Non-Emergency Response Energy Consumption & Optimization Carbon Management Greenhouse Gas Emissions Tracking Asset & Work Management Portfolio Management Facility Maintenance Condition Monitoring Occupancy Management Utilization Planning Space Optimization Move Management Analytics Operations Intelligent Operations Center Predictive Systems Modeling & Simulation Event Rules Semantic Models Workflows City-wide Dashboard Geo spatial mapping Data modeling & integration Cross-Agency Collaboration Situational Awareness Domain Analytics Event & KPI Management Incident Management Consequence Management City Archives Alerts Standards Based Interfaces Domain Specific Interfaces KPI’s Visualization Dashboards Alerts Reports/ Analysis Directives Service Bus Gateway Gateway Gateway Traffic Public Safety Gateway Gateway Data Integration Other Feeds: Water Electric Buildings Weather Citizens Health Financials …
  18. 18. So…, what happened? What was the outcome? Integrated Management of the City. Having a consolidated / organized systems and processes the city can act fast when incidents happen and even anticipate / predict situations to be proactive Save Lifes ! Build Credibility with the Population (Mayor Paes was re-elected with the highest score in all capitals in Brazil). And... IBM was the only company that receved the city key “IBM receive a key to the city of Rio de Janeiro from mayor Eduardo Paes. IBM became the first corporation to receive the honor following the successful launch of the Rio Operations Center. IBM is hosting its Smarter Cities Forum in Rio today to help government and business leaders learn how to tackle the challenge of mass urbanization.” (09 Nov 2011) 19
  19. 19. Thank you Kim Escherich IBM escherich@dk.ibm.com +45 2880 4733 internetofthings.dk escherich.biz @kescherich /in/escherich /escherich kescherich@gmail.com