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PsychologY
PsychologY
PsychologY
PsychologY
PsychologY
PsychologY
PsychologY
PsychologY
PsychologY
PsychologY
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PsychologY

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  • 1. PSYCHOLOGYGroup I
  • 2. DEFINITION • The science that deals with mental processes and behavior. • The emotional and behavioral characteristics if an individual group, or activity. • Subtle tactical action or argument used to manipulate or influence another.
  • 3. PSYCHOLOGY • The Scientific study of behavior and mental processes • Greek words: Psyche ( mind, soul ) and logos ( study ) GOALS OF PSYCHOLOGY • To describe behavior • To identity factors that help predict behavior • To understand or explain behavior by identifying causes that bring about certain effects • To control or change behavior
  • 4. SUBFIELD OF PSYCHOLOGY • Behavioral genetics • Behavioral neuroscience • Clinical psychology • Cognitive psychology • Counseling psychology • Cross-cultural psychology • Development psychology • Educational psychology • etc.
  • 5. HISTORY OF PSYCHOLOGY
  • 6. Forerunners of Psychology • WILHELM WUNDT - father of modern experimental psychology • WILLIAM JAMES -played an active part in bringing the new experimental psychology to the United States and founded functionalism together with John Dewey • SIGMUND FREUD -developed the theory and method of the treatment called Psychoanalysis • JOHN WATSON -founded the school of psychology called behaviorism • MAX WERTHEIMER -founder of Gestalt psychology, together with Kurk Koffka and Wolfgang Kohler
  • 7. • IVAN PAVLOV -experimented on learning which led to the principles of classical condition • JEAN PIAGET -developed an important theory of cognitive development in children • B.F. SKINNER -experimented on learning which led to the principles of operant conditioning • ABRAHAM MASLOW -constructed his hierarchy of needs • EDWARD TITCHERNER -proponent of structuralism
  • 8. SCHOOL OF PSYCHOLOGY STRUCTURALISM -it attempted to study the elements of the mind through introspective analysis (introspection) • Functionalism -it studied the function or utility value of the wind • PSYCHOANALYSIS -aimed to uncover and resolve unconscious emotional conflicts that underlie neurotic symptoms through free association, dream analysis and projective tests • BEHAVIORISM -studied behavior in terms of stimulation and response • GESTALT -concerned primarily with pattern organization, wholes, and field properties of perception
  • 9. PERSPECTIVES IN PSYCHOLOGY • Biology Perspective • Psychodynamic Perspective • Cognitive Perspective • Behavior Perspective • Humanistic/Phenomenological Perspective
  • 10. THANKS FOR LISTENNING ! ! !

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