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Cloud Computing Enables Consumer-Centered Healthcare
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Cloud Computing Enables Consumer-Centered Healthcare
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Transcript of "Cloud Computing Enables Consumer-Centered Healthcare"
1. Cloud Computing Enables Consumer-Centered Healthcare Eiji Sasahara, Ph.D., MBA Dan McGuire, MBA Hitoshi Iwashita, MBA Healthcare Cloud Initiative October 15, Intiative ©2009 Healthcare Cloud 2009 1
Agenda• 1. Introduction• 2. Understanding Cloud Computing• 3. Cloud Computing in Healthcare• 4. Case study in Life Science/Pharma• 5. Case study in Healthcare provider ©2009 Healthcare Cloud Intiative 2
1. Introduction (1) • Speakers – Eiji Sasahara, Ph.D., MBA http://www.linkedin.com/in/esasahara – Dan McGuire, MBA http://www.linkedin.com/pub/dan-mcguire-japan- healthcare-network/1/970/329 – Hitoshi Iwashita, MBA http://www.linkedin.com/pub/hitoshi-iwashita/0/34a/694 ©2009 Healthcare Cloud Intiative 3
1. Introduction (2) • Healthcare Cloud Initiative – Grass-root group to share knowledge about benefits and risks of cloud computing, and to promote new business development with ICT utilization in the healthcare industry • Life science & Pharmaceutical • Healthcare Provider • Healthcare Payer ©2009 Healthcare Cloud Intiative 4
1. Introduction (3) • Healthcare Cloud Initiative – Focus areas in Healthcare Value Chain Patients Healthcare Communication General Academia & families Professionals Media Consumers Opportunities and Risks of Cloud Computing -New Business Development -Technology Innovation Clinical Relationship Professional Advertising Direct-to- Trial Development Education & Promotion Consumer Supports w/Opinion & Advocacy Education Leaders & Advocacy ©2009 Healthcare Cloud Intiative 5
1. Introduction (4) • Cloud Security Alliance – Global, not-for-profit organization – Inclusive membership, supporting broad spectrum of subject matter expertise: cloud experts, security, legal, compliance, virtualization, and on and on… – We believe Cloud Computing has a robust future, we want to make it better “To promote the use of best practices for providing security assurance within Cloud Computing, and provide education on the uses of Cloud Computing to help secure all other forms of computing.” ©2009 Healthcare Cloud Intiative 6
1. Introduction (5) • Cloud Security Alliance – Individual Members (LinkedIn Community) <Active Working Groups> <New Working Groups> -Editorial -Healthcare -Educational Outreach -Cloud Threat Analysis -Architecture -US Federal Government -Governance, Risk Mgt, Compliance, -Financial Services Business Continuity -Legal & E-Discovery -Portability, Interoperability and Application Security -Identity and Access Mgt, Encryption & Key Mgt -Data Center Operations and Incident Response -Information Lifecycle Management & Storage -Virtualization and Technology Compartmentalization ©2009 Healthcare Cloud Intiative 7
1. Introduction (6) • Cloud Security Alliance – Resources • ”Security Guidance for Critical Areas of Focus in Cloud Computing” (http://www.cloudsecurityalliance.org/) • ”Cloud Security and Privacy: An Enterprise Perspective on Risks and Compliance” (http://oreilly.com/catalog/9780596802769/) ©2009 Healthcare Cloud Intiative 8
2. Understanding Cloud Computing (1) • Definition of Cloud Computing by National Institute of Standards and Technology (V15) “Cloud computing is a model for enabling convenient, on-demand network access to a shared pool of configurable computing resources (e.g., networks, servers, storage, applications, and services) that can be rapidly provisioned and released with minimal management effort or service provider interaction.” (http://csrc.nist.gov/groups/SNS/cloud- computing/index.html) ©2009 Healthcare Cloud Intiative 9
2. Understanding Cloud Computing (2) • Characteristics of Cloud Computing by NIST (V15) – On-demand self-service – Ubiquitous network access – Resource pooling • Location independence • Homogeneity – Rapid elasticity – Measured service ©2009 Healthcare Cloud Intiative 10
2. Understanding Cloud Computing (3) • Cloud Service Models by NIST (V15) – Cloud Software as a Service (SaaS) • Use provider’s applications over a network – Cloud Platform as a Service (PaaS) • Deploy customer-created applications to a cloud – Cloud Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS) • Rent processing, storage, network capacity, and other fundamental computing resources ©2009 Healthcare Cloud Intiative 11
2. Understanding Cloud Computing (4) • Cloud Deployment Models by NIST (V15) – Private cloud • enterprise owned or leased – Community cloud • shared infrastructure for specific community – Public cloud • Sold to the public, mega-scale infrastructure – Hybrid cloud • composition of two or more clouds ©2009 Healthcare Cloud Intiative 12
2. Understanding Cloud Computing (5) • Characteristics of Cloud Computing by Cloud Security Alliance – Abstraction of Infrastructure – Resource Democratization – Services Oriented Architecture – Elasticity/Dynamism – Utility Model of Consumption & Allocation Business requirements identify features of cloud computing ©2009 Healthcare Cloud Intiative 13
2. Understanding Cloud Computing (6) • Difficulty in Cloud Computing by Cloud Security Alliance – Who manage it – Who owns it – Where it’s located – Who has access to it – How it’s accessed Big challenge: Security and risk control under the cloud computing environment ©2009 Healthcare Cloud Intiative 14
2. Understanding Cloud Computing (7) • Architecture of Cloud Computing Business (e.g.) Healthcare Healthcare Life Science Layer Payer Provider Software: Collaborative, Content, ERM, SCM, CRM, Application Operations & Manufacturing, Engineering, Business SaaS Layer Intelligence, etc. Software: Application Development, Quality & Life- Platform Cycle Tools, Application Server/Integration & Process Automation Middleware, Information & Data PaaS Layer management, Systems & Network Management Software: System & network management, Security, Infrastructure Storage IaaS Layer Hardware: Healthcare Storage, Network, Clients ©2009 Server, Cloud Intiative 15
2. Understanding Cloud Computing (8) • What is Governance, Risk and Compliance (GRC) Management? – Governance: Activities to demonstrate strategy direction and systems to regulate and monitor corporate business management – Risk: Activities to identify, analyze and manage risks inside/outside the company – Compliance: Activities to adhere to rules and requirements set by laws, standards and code of ethics Cloud Intiative ©2009 Healthcare 16
2. Understanding Cloud Computing (9) • GRC Management and ICT – Application Layer • Compliance Management Solutions • Business Assurance Analytic Solutions • Financial Compliance and Reporting • Compliance Process Automation • Enterprise and Operational Risk Management Solutions – Platform and Infrastructure Layers • Compliance Infrastructure Solutions – Security Management Solutions – IT Governance Management Solutions – Records and Information Management Solutions ©2009 Healthcare Cloud Intiative 17
2. Understanding Cloud Computing (10) • Architecture of GRC Management ICT Business Personal Consumer J-SOX Layer Information Safety Software: Compliance Management, Business Application Assurance Analytic, Financial Compliance and SaaS Layer Reporting, Compliance Process Automation, Enterprise and Operational Risk Management, etc. Software: Application Development, Quality & Life- Platform Cycle Tools, Application Server/Integration & Process Automation Middleware, Information & Data PaaS Layer management, Systems & Network Management Software: System & network management, Security, Infrastructure Storage IaaS Layer Hardware: Healthcare Storage, Network, Clients ©2009 Server, Cloud Intiative 18
2. Understanding Cloud Computing (11) • Impact of Consumer as a Stakeholder – Consumer-centered healthcare drives ICT utilization. – Consumerization of ICT drives cloud computing. Consumer- Business Healthcare Healthcare Centered Life Science Layer Payer Provider Movement Software: Application SaaS Layer Healthcare Cloud ICT Computing Software: Platform GRC PaaS Layer Management Consumer Software: as a Infrastructure Stakeholder IaaS Layer Hardware: Healthcare Cloud Intiative ©2009 19
3. Cloud Computing in Healthcare (1) • “Cloud Computing: A new business paradigm for biomedical information sharing” Rosenthal A, Mork P, Li MH, Stanford J, Koester D, Reynolds P. J Biomed Inform. 2009 Aug 26. (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19715773) – For customers, cloud computing is primarily a new business paradigm, as opposed to a new technical paradigm. Who are “customers” in healthcare? = Consumers (Patients and families) ©2009 Healthcare Cloud Intiative 20
3. Cloud Computing in Healthcare (2) – Features of Cloud Computing in Biomedical informatics • Resource outsourcing • Utility computing • Large number of machines • Automated resource management • Virtualization • Parallel computing Business requirements identify features ofHealthcare CloudComputing ©2009 Cloud Intiative 21
3. Cloud Computing in Healthcare (3) • “Security and privacy requirements for multi- institutional cancer research data grid” Manion FJ, Robbins RJ, Weems WA, Crowley RS. BMC Med Inform Decis Mak. 2009 Jun 15;9:31. (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19527521) – Key Challenge is developing suitable models for authentication and authorization practices within federated environment. Healthcare cloud is based on federated environment (à Hybrid Cloud) ©2009 Healthcare Cloud Intiative 22
3. Cloud Computing in Healthcare (4) • Recommendation for large scale federated sharing of data within a regulated environment – Necessity to construct separate legal or corporate entities for governance of federated sharing initiatives – Consensus on the treatment of foreign and commercial partnerships – Development of risk models and risk management processes – Development of technical infrastructure to support the credentia ling process associated with research including human subjects – Exploring the feasibility of developing large-scale, federated honest broker approaches – Development of suitable, federated identity provisioning processes to support federated authentication and authorization – Community development of requisite HIPAA and research ethics training modules by federation members – Recognition of the need for central auditing requirements and authority – Use of two-protocol data exchange models where possible in federation ©2009 Healthcare Cloud Intiative 23
3. Cloud Computing in Healthcare (5) • Summary – Cloud computing is primarily a new business paradigm. – Consumer-as-a-Stakeholder approach integrates cloud computing, GRC management and healthcare ICT. – GRC management should be the enabler of cloud computing in total healthcare value chain. ©2009 Healthcare Cloud Intiative 24