I - Introduction
Background
 Demand for meat and human popn are increasing in Ethiopia
 A low growth rate of livestock o...
Problem statement and justification
 Sheep and goats in BGRS  traditional farming systems
 Shifting farming system (SFS...
Problem statement and justification contd.
FS survey  general perspective picture of livestock resources
and
Agricultur...
Objectives
To explore marketing of sheep and goats and
To identify the consumption pattern of sheep and goats
To explor...
II - Materials and methods
Description of the study areas
Location
6
Description of the study areas contd.
Farming systems:
 Sheep and goat production is integrated with traditional crop pro...
Data collection
Exploratory study
 To have an overview of the study components
and to pre-test the designed questionnaire...
Data collection contd.
Cross-sectional survey
 A cross-sectional survey was undertaken to gather adequate data
on differe...
Sampling contd.
 Priorities HHs who keep both sheep and goat
 Minimum requirements
 A HH having a flock of at least on...
Questionnaires design and data collection
 Both structured and semi-structured questionnaires
 Enumerators were provided...
Market survey
 Carried out by paying specific attention to marketing aspects of
sheep and goats during the religious fest...
Focus group discussions
 Conducted to gather additional information on marketing and
consumption
 A total of 5 group dis...
Data analysis
 Data was transported to and analyzed using JMP-5
 In all the comparisons, the level of significance was s...
III – Results and Discussion
Marketing of sheep and goats
Demand and supply
15
Prices of sheep and goats in relation to market
situations, color, buyer, and seller types
Species
by FS
Special occasions...
2. Prices in relation to coat color, buyer, and seller types
Colors by price (mean (SE)) of sheep and goats
White Red Blac...
Marketing channels
18
Intermediaries
Kiburhamisa
market (SFS)
Assosa
market (PFS)
Smallholders in SFS
and PFS
Within the ...
Marketing constraints
19
In both FSs:
Households’ sheep and goats consumption
Preference and frequency of consumption
SFS PFS Test
N (%) N (%) P-value
Preferenc...
Income and socio-cultural uses
Species SFS PFS Test
Mean(SE) Mean(SE) P-value
Cash income from sell of:
Sheep 47.8(38.78)...
V – Conclusions and recommendations
 Demands, supplies, prices, and HH consumptions were typically
seasonal and reached p...
23
Yilma et al presentation on shaot marketting and consumption in sfs and pfs
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Yilma et al presentation on shaot marketting and consumption in sfs and pfs

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Yilma et al presentation on shaot marketting and consumption in sfs and pfs

  1. 1. I - Introduction Background  Demand for meat and human popn are increasing in Ethiopia  A low growth rate of livestock output vis-à-vis high human popn growth rate becomes one of the major concerns in the country  Thus, efforts have to be made to increase production and productivity of sheep and goats to overcome this concern  In the country, sheep and goats provide 25% of the domestic meat consumption with production surplus,  exported mainly as live animals 2
  2. 2. Problem statement and justification  Sheep and goats in BGRS  traditional farming systems  Shifting farming system (SFS) and  Permanent farming systems (PFS)  SFS practiced among native and PFS  settler farming communities These communities have their own: Long developed farming practices Livestock keeping, Natural resource management Land holding and Farming implements Each FS has: Different cropping patterns Land use management and Production potentials and Consequently feed resources for livestock FS oriented marketing and consumption research 3 So far, no livestock research except comprehensive ones by AsARC like :
  3. 3. Problem statement and justification contd. FS survey  general perspective picture of livestock resources and Agricultural research strategy designed to set priorities and thematic areas  Results showed shoat improvement and characterization  top prioritized  However, little was known about marketing and consumption of the highly prioritized thematic areas of livestock research  Besides, an overall improvement of the sheep and goat utilization cannot be achieved without the basic understanding of this issue in relation to the existing FSs  :Due to this, in filling this gap, sheep and goat research on marketing and consumption of these livestock species was required just prior to initiating improvement or intervention Programmes 4
  4. 4. Objectives To explore marketing of sheep and goats and To identify the consumption pattern of sheep and goats To explore marketing of sheep and goats and To identify the consumption pattern of sheep and goats In relation to the two FSs of W- Ethiopia, the specific objectives were: 5
  5. 5. II - Materials and methods Description of the study areas Location 6
  6. 6. Description of the study areas contd. Farming systems:  Sheep and goat production is integrated with traditional crop production  SFS and PFS are the two major traditional FSs  Each FS has different: These differences in the FS characteristics  differences in sheep and goat marketing and utilization characteristics as well cropping patterns land use management livestock production potentials 7
  7. 7. Data collection Exploratory study  To have an overview of the study components and to pre-test the designed questionnaire Participants: Tasks: Focus groups of key informants Wereda and Peasant Associations administrative members Subject matter specialists Model farmers and Other pertinent bodies who directly and indirectly involved in sheep and goat production and utilization Questionnaire was pre-tested Relevant issues for sheep and goat marketing and utilization were identified Market places representing the two farming systems were identified 8
  8. 8. Data collection contd. Cross-sectional survey  A cross-sectional survey was undertaken to gather adequate data on different variables to attain the objectives: Sampling  Ninety households (HHs) from each FS  purposefully  Basis  - FS of the households - Availability of sheep and goats - Accessibility of the area in that order 9
  9. 9. Sampling contd.  Priorities HHs who keep both sheep and goat  Minimum requirements  A HH having a flock of at least one breeding female and  A minimum of 1 year experience since acquisition of sheep and goats  Households at equal chance to be incorporated in to the sample, were randomly selected  A total of 180 households and their sheep and goat flocks were the intimate study samples. 10
  10. 10. Questionnaires design and data collection  Both structured and semi-structured questionnaires  Enumerators were provided with the necessary data collection techniques prior to the actual data collection  Interviewers were: The researcher, Trained enumerators and DAs  Accordingly, primary data were collected on marketing and consumption aspects of sheep and goats like Demand and supply Price trends Marketing and consumption constraints Routes of sheep and goats and Incomes obtained 11
  11. 11. Market survey  Carried out by paying specific attention to marketing aspects of sheep and goats during the religious festivities and the normal market events in the FSs  The monitoring was conducted in two market areas representing the two FSs  Assosa market area represented  PFS and Kiburhamsa  SFS  A total of 676 observations were recorded 12
  12. 12. Focus group discussions  Conducted to gather additional information on marketing and consumption  A total of 5 group discussions comprising of 8 – 10 members  Participants: Key informants Administrative members  Subject matter specialists Model farmers and Other pertinent bodies 13
  13. 13. Data analysis  Data was transported to and analyzed using JMP-5  In all the comparisons, the level of significance was set at α = 0.05  Statistical tools were: Descriptive statistics T-test Chi-square test Analysis of variance Multivariate pair wise correlations Rank analysis and Qualitative analysis 14
  14. 14. III – Results and Discussion Marketing of sheep and goats Demand and supply 15
  15. 15. Prices of sheep and goats in relation to market situations, color, buyer, and seller types Species by FS Special occasions Test Eid Al-Fetir Normal Eid Al-Adha Christmas Mean(SE) Mean(SE) Mean(SE) Mean(SE) P- value SFS Sheep Goat 378.2(30.68)a 300.2(13.77)a 325.0(41.54)a 307.1(17.99)a 361.9(125.36)a 287.6(13.32)a 413.0(80.40)a 290.0(11.73)a 0.249 0.784 PFS Sheep Goat 370.0(16.03)ab 299.8(16.01)ab 337.8(7.36)b 259.4(70.03) b 383.1(14.34)a 297.1(88.43)a 409.4(14.34)a 302.6(84.84)a 0.000 0.002 1. Prices in relation to market occasions 16 Prices in both FSs  for the past 10 yrs due to:  Increased consumption The current price rise   consumption of beef  Decreased producers  Reduced production disease prevalence Prices in both FSs  for the past 10 yrs due to:  Increased consumption The current price rise   consumption of beef  Decreased producers  Reduced production disease prevalence
  16. 16. 2. Prices in relation to coat color, buyer, and seller types Colors by price (mean (SE)) of sheep and goats White Red Black Grey Other  Sheep  Goat 430.7(20.56)a 268.8(9.88)b 358.8(6.98)b 327.7(10.13)a - 292.5(7.23)ab 366.3(10.88)b 261.2(10.13)b 337.2(115.22)b 278.4(7.75)b Buyer type by price (mean (SE)) of sheep and goats Traders Farmers Consumers Bucher Hotelier  Sheep  Goat 341.4(14.26)ab 288.7(7.27)ab 312.1(13.79)b 266.9(8.07)b 383.6(8.24)ab 269.5(12.42)ab 393.3(38.18)ab 292.0(34.25)ab 372.6(10.33)a 310.1(8.62)a Seller type by price (mean (SE)) of sheep and goats Farmers Traders  Sheep  Goat 373.4(6.51)a 273.1(4.30)a 343.6(9.82)b 336.7(10.47)b 17
  17. 17. Marketing channels 18 Intermediaries Kiburhamisa market (SFS) Assosa market (PFS) Smallholders in SFS and PFS Within the district Out of the district Out of the region Cross- border Consumers (rural and urban) Hotels Restaurants Butchers Institutes Neighbor households
  18. 18. Marketing constraints 19 In both FSs:
  19. 19. Households’ sheep and goats consumption Preference and frequency of consumption SFS PFS Test N (%) N (%) P-value Preference Sheep Goat 67(79.76) 17(20.24) 70(79.55) 16(18.18) 0.367 Frequency of consumption Quarterly Twice a year During religious festival On other occasions 4(4.44) 7(7.78) 65(73.03) 21(23.33) 1(1.11) 7(7.78) 74(82.22) 15(16.67) 0.174 1.000 0.140 0.264 Cultural taboos on consumption 2(2.78) 3(4.00) 0.683 20
  20. 20. Income and socio-cultural uses Species SFS PFS Test Mean(SE) Mean(SE) P-value Cash income from sell of: Sheep 47.8(38.78)a 125.6(38.78)a 0.158  Goat 274.7(48.11)a 134.1(48.11)b 0.040 Sale rate (%) Sheep Goat 1.65(0.99)a 6.7(1.49)a 3.8(0.99)a 6.7(1.49)a 0.125 0.992 Slaughter rate (%) Sheep Goat 9.5(2.37)a 7.9(1.84)a 5.8(2.37)a 8.6(1.84)a 0.274 0.778 Sheep and goats (%) exploited socio-culturally 21
  21. 21. V – Conclusions and recommendations  Demands, supplies, prices, and HH consumptions were typically seasonal and reached peak during the major holidays in both FSs.  For producers to better benefit from higher prices during festivals,  plan their production and supply to match the fluctuating but predictable patterns of demand.  Seasonal fluctuations in supply, disease prevalence, lack of export abattoirs, long distance to markets, lack of market incentive, sudden death of animals, and unstable prices major constraints  Studies on market access improvement options, exploring additional marketing opportunities in the Sudan are recommended.  Sheep and goat consumption in SFS and PFS appeared to be low.  Thus, technical and institutional support needs to be provided to realize rural development and poverty alleviation endeavors. 22
  22. 22. 23
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