The 5The 5t ht h
A l l A fr i ca Confer ence on A nim al A gr i cu l tu r eA l l A fr i ca Confer ence on A nim al A gr i ...
AN ASSESSMENT OF ATTITUDE
TOWARDS SELLING LIVESTOCK
AMONG THE PASTORALISTS IN
NGORONGORO DISTRICT OF
TANZANIA
BY
M.E. Haul...
INTRODUCTION
 Cattle in the pastoral system accounts for 14 percent of
the 19 million cattle population in Tanzania
 Con...
Introd...
Pastoral system is undergoing unprecedented
changes
e.g. engagement in income generating activities
other than ...
Objectives
To determine the attitude and reasons for
selling livestock by pastoralists
To identify factors that could in...
METHODOLOGY
The study was done in Ngorongoro District in Tanzania
Data were collected through:
Questionnaire administer...
FINDINGS AND DISCUSSION
Table 1: Distribution of respondents according
to socio-economic characteristics
Socio-economic characteristics Frequency ...
Type of
livestock
Gender Frequency Percent
Ownership
Cattle Male – adult 79 87.8
Male – child 3 3.3
Female – adult 8 8.9
G...
Table 3: Categories of livestock that pastoralists
prefer to sell
Category of livestock Count Percent
Cow 54 61.4
Heifers ...
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Percentofrespondents
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Village market District markets Arusha town markets Kenya markets
Livestock markets
Percent of r...
Table 4: Attitude towards selling cattle and goats
among the pastoralists
Category Frequency Percent
Selling cattle
Sellin...
Table 5: Tobit model estimates for the factors influencing attitude
towards selling livestock
Explanatory variable Coeffic...
Conclusions
The mindset of pastoralists towards selling livestock
is changing
Right policy on price of cattle and reliab...
Primary livestock auction market in Ngorongoro district
Local cattle slaughtering and meat selling
The end
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An assessment of attitude towards selling livestock among the pastoralists in ngorongoro district of tanzania

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Presentation by M.E. Haule, G.H. Laswai, D.L. Mwaseba, A.E. Kimambo, J. Madsen, L.A. Mtenga and A.J. Mwilawa at the 5th All Africa conference on animal production, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 25-28 October 2010.

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An assessment of attitude towards selling livestock among the pastoralists in ngorongoro district of tanzania

  1. 1. The 5The 5t ht h A l l A fr i ca Confer ence on A nim al A gr i cu l tu r eA l l A fr i ca Confer ence on A nim al A gr i cu l tu r e Com m er ci al i zati on of L i v estock A gr i cu l tu r e i n A fr i ca: Chal l enges and oppor tu ni ti es October 25-28, 2010.
  2. 2. AN ASSESSMENT OF ATTITUDE TOWARDS SELLING LIVESTOCK AMONG THE PASTORALISTS IN NGORONGORO DISTRICT OF TANZANIA BY M.E. Haule, G.H. Laswai, D.L. Mwaseba, A.E. Kimambo, J. Madsen, L.A. Mtenga and A.J. Mwilawa
  3. 3. INTRODUCTION  Cattle in the pastoral system accounts for 14 percent of the 19 million cattle population in Tanzania  Contribution of livestock to the pastoral economy is low  Pastoralists are facing challenges: Restrictions of free mobile livestock system Conflicts between herders and farmers Long marketing chain with several actors Poor record keeping systems Low literacy levels Poor enforcement of regulations
  4. 4. Introd... Pastoral system is undergoing unprecedented changes e.g. engagement in income generating activities other than traditional livestock keeping It is likely that pastoralists sell livestock as capital investment Limited information exits on the attitude and purpose of pastoralists in selling livestock Useful for subsectoral planning Willingness of pastoralits to sell young steers for feedlots?
  5. 5. Objectives To determine the attitude and reasons for selling livestock by pastoralists To identify factors that could influence such attitude
  6. 6. METHODOLOGY The study was done in Ngorongoro District in Tanzania Data were collected through: Questionnaire administered to 90 H/H key informant interviews Three focus group discussions each ≤ 20 people and direct observations Descriptive statistics were generated Tobit model was employed to determine the important factors influencing the pastoralists attitudes
  7. 7. FINDINGS AND DISCUSSION
  8. 8. Table 1: Distribution of respondents according to socio-economic characteristics Socio-economic characteristics Frequency Percent Age class (years) 21-40 51 56.6 41-60 31 34.5 Above 60 8 8.9 Sex Male 70 77.8 Female 20 22.2 Sex of the head of household Male (Adult) 81 90.0 Male (Child) 3 3.3 Female (Adult) 6 6.7 Main source of income Livestock 78 86.7 Salary 7 7.8 Petty businesses 5 5.6
  9. 9. Type of livestock Gender Frequency Percent Ownership Cattle Male – adult 79 87.8 Male – child 3 3.3 Female – adult 8 8.9 Goats Male – adult 77 85.6 Male – child 3 3.3 Female – adult 9 10.0 Don’t have cattle 1 1.1 Decision to sell Male - adult 76 84.4 Male - child 6 6.7 Female - adult 7 7.8 Husband and Wife 1 1.1 Table 2: Gender distribution of respondents to ownership and decision making on selling livestock
  10. 10. Table 3: Categories of livestock that pastoralists prefer to sell Category of livestock Count Percent Cow 54 61.4 Heifers 20 22.7 Steers 79 89.8 Calves 25 28.4 Goats 72 81.8 * Counts were based on multiple responses on each category preferred
  11. 11. 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Percentofrespondents P a y s ch o o l fe e s B u y fo o dP u rch a se H H ite m s M e d ica lb ills B u y liv d ru g s H o u se co n s tru c tio n C u lln o n -p ro d u ctive G e t b u s in e ss c a p ita l T ra d itio n a l ce re m o n ie s B u y c lo th e s M o n e y fo r c o n trib u tio n s A s b u sin e s s (c o m m e rcia T o p re p a re fo r d ro u g h t B u y n e w s to c k Reasons for selling livestock
  12. 12. 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 Village market District markets Arusha town markets Kenya markets Livestock markets Percent of respondents Selling cattle Selling goats Figure 2: Markets which pastoralists in Ngorongoro district sell livestock
  13. 13. Table 4: Attitude towards selling cattle and goats among the pastoralists Category Frequency Percent Selling cattle Selling goats Positive 38 42.2 Neutral Negative 19 21.1 33 36.7 Positive 41 45.6 Neutral 16 17.8 Negative 33 36.7
  14. 14. Table 5: Tobit model estimates for the factors influencing attitude towards selling livestock Explanatory variable Coefficient STD Error t-statistic P- value Sex of livestock owner 0.752 0.476 1.58 0.02* Age of livestock owner -0.087 0.460 -0.19 0.46 Education level 0.127 1.060 0.12 0.90 Household size 0.858 0.554 1.55 0.03* Herd size -0.070 0.036 -1.95 0.06 Distance to the market -0.052 0.024 -2.12 0.04* Price of livestock 0.604 0.602 1.00 0.05* Religion 0.140 0.425 0.33 0.34 Level of significance = 5%: Statistically significant (P ≤ 0.05), statistically not significant (P>0.05)
  15. 15. Conclusions The mindset of pastoralists towards selling livestock is changing Right policy on price of cattle and reliable markets could increase off takes Promotion of feedlots could create reliable cattle markets
  16. 16. Primary livestock auction market in Ngorongoro district
  17. 17. Local cattle slaughtering and meat selling
  18. 18. The end Thank you for listening

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