Ethiopian Livestock Market Information System: Experience from a pilot phase

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Presentation by SPS-LM- USAID at the 5th All Africa conference on animal production, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 25-28 October 2010.

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Ethiopian Livestock Market Information System: Experience from a pilot phase

  1. 1. 1 Financial and technical support: SPS-LMM Implementers: Ethiopian Livestock Market Information System: Experience from a pilot phase The 5th All Africa Conference on Animal Agriculture and 18th ESAP Annual Conference October 25 – 28, 2010
  2. 2. 2 Contents I. Introduction II. Objectives III. Major components IV. Where are we? V. Conclusion and the way forward
  3. 3. 3 I. Introduction • Despite its huge livestock population, Ethiopia could not properly utilize the potential of the livestock sector • Lack of systematic collection, compilation, analysis, storage and dissemination of market information is one of the major constraints • The economic contribution of the Ethiopian livestock sector can be improved substantially if the sector is better integrated into the local and international markets using available information technologies and other associated products • Thus, it is essential to establish a well integrated, dynamic and interactive database that will enable users to get easy access to the required market information
  4. 4. 4 Overall: • Avail a comprehensive and dynamic Livestock Market Information System (LMIS) for Ethiopia Specific: • Develop suitable data collection formats, • Determine the required number of market managers per market, • Develop and test the livestock market information database and build up user friendly output generation system • Use other timely information dissemination means II. Objectives
  5. 5. 5 1. Livestock market data collection  What  Where  How  Who  When 2. Communication 3. Information dissemination 4. Database development III. Major components
  6. 6. 6 Information: Price, no. of LS supplied and sold Species: Camel, Cattle, Sheep and Goats Categories: Physiology: Female, Intact, Castrated Age: Young, Intermediate, Mature BCS: Thin, Intermediate, Fat Other LS market information: Basic market information Export abattoirs Market participants 1. Livestock market data collection ■ What market information?
  7. 7. 7 ■ Where? – Market information sources Ser. No. Market Region Market day 1 Kera Addis Ababa Thursday, Friday 2 Kara’alo “ Thursday, Friday 3 Sholla “ Thursday, Friday 4 Adama Oromiya Wednesday, Thursday 5 Haro Beke “ Friday, Sunday 6 Guder “ Monday 7 Bati Amhara Monday 8 Bahir Dar “ Saturday 9 Mekelle Tigray Monday 10 Wolaita Sodo SNNP Friday, Saturday 11 Jijiga Somali Everyday
  8. 8. 8 Markets, LS species & categories considered Market Livestock spp considered Categories considered AA-Karalo Cattle 27 (1 species x 3 physiological status x 3 age groups x 3 BC) AA-Sholla Sheep and Goats 54 (2 species x 3 physiological status x 3 age groups x 3 BC) AA-Kera, Adama, Guder, Bahir Dar, Sodo Cattle, sheep and goats 81 (3 species x 3 physiological status x 3 age groups x 3 BC) Aysaita, Bati, Haro Beke, Jijiga, Mekelle Camel, cattle, sheep and goats 108 (4 species x 3 physiological status x 3 age groups x 3 BC)
  9. 9. 9 • Data collection formats: Basic, weekly and monthly data • Direct observation • From producers, traders, brokers, consumers…. ■ How?
  10. 10. 10 ➢ 22 trained market managers (2 per market) ■ Who?
  11. 11. 11 ☛ Once at the beginning: ➢ Basic market information ☛ Monthly: ➢ Available services, ➢ Transportation cost ➢ Market participants ☛ Weekly: ➢ Price, ➢ Volume supplied and sold ■ When?
  12. 12. 12 ■ Means of communication ➢ Email ➢ Phone and ➢ Hard copy 2. Data communication
  13. 13. 13 Instances of summarized market information
  14. 14. 14 Live animal market prices (castrated, mature, fat) (19 weeks data) Market Mean price, birr/animal Camel Cattle Goats Sheep AA-Kera - 9199 1304 994 Adama - 7127 974 901 Aysaita 4656 4899 879 717 Bahir Dar - 6081 733 729 Bati 5080 2786 455 267 Guder - 5402 723 773 Haro Beke 8977 3569 737 - Mekelle - 5717 888 867 Soddo - 5690 654 1154 Mean 6240 5610 820 800
  15. 15. 15 Fig. 8. Price dynamics for castrated mature sheep and goats in good body condition 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 W 1 W 3 W 5 W 7 W 9 W 11 W 13 W 15 W 17 W 19 W 21 Week Price,birr Soddo Goat Bahir Dar Goat Bahir Dar Sheep Price dynamics for castrated mature fat sheep and goats in selected markets (21 weeks data)
  16. 16. 16 Fig. 1. Total cattle number supplied and sold during the last 19 weeks in selected markets 0 10000 20000 30000 40000 50000 AA- Karalo AA-Kera Adama Assaita Bahir Dar Bati Guder Haro Beke Mekelle Market No.ofanimals CatSup CatSld Volume of cattle supplied and sold in selected markets (19 weeks data)
  17. 17. 17 Fig. 2. Proportion of cattle sold from total number supplied in selected markets 0,0 20,0 40,0 60,0 80,0 100,0 AA- Karalo AA-Kera Adama Assaita Bahir Dar Bati Guder Haro Beke Mekelle Total Market %sold Proportion of cattle sold from total number supplied in selected markets (19 weeks data)
  18. 18. 18 Guder market Jijiga market Market facilities ■ Indicators ☞ Feed supply ☞ Veterinary service ☞ Market enclosure ☞ Tax Haro Beke LS market
  19. 19. 19 Organic export abattoir • Private abattoir located in Mojjo • Established in 2005 and became functional in 2008. • Livestock species slaughtered and exported include – sheep, goats and cattle • Capacity: – 2000 sheep and goats or 150 cattle (mostly calves) heads per day • Animals are supplied by traders • Major sources of animals: – Borana, Arba Minch, Wolaita Sodo, Shashemene, Meison, Metahara, and Bati. • Major destinations: – Saudi Arabia (Jeddah and Riyadh); UAE (Dubai); Kuwait, Bahrain; and Egypt.
  20. 20. 20Goat processing: Organic export abattoir, Mojjo 1 5 4 3 2 6
  21. 21. 21
  22. 22. 22 Summary of monthly livestock market prices is posted, Edaga Bieray, Mekelle
  23. 23. 23 • Radio FANA: Once a week (Amharic, Afar, Somli and Oromiffa) • Sheger radio: Once a week (Amharic, around Addis) 3. Dissemination of the information collected
  24. 24. 24 4. Database development
  25. 25. 25 • The pilot phase is over • Data collection from all markets continued for one more month and currently limited to three markets in Addis • Data collection formats prepared • Final version of the database is under evaluation IV. Where are we?
  26. 26. 26 V. Conclusion and the way forward ☞ Two market managers are enough/market ☞ Formal impact assessment ☞ Mapping livestock markets ☞ Soft and hard wares to be handed over .
  27. 27. 27 Other market participants .
  28. 28. 28 SPS-LMM
  29. 29. 29 Live animal transaction …., Haro Beke LS market THANK YOU

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